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Freshwater Mussel Ecology: A Multifactor Approach to Distribution and Abundance

David Strayer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255265
eISBN:
9780520942523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255265.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Pearly mussels (Unionoidea) live in lakes, rivers, and streams around the world. These bivalves play important roles in freshwater ecosystems and were once both culturally and economically valuable ... More


Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Winston Ponder (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book brings together thirty-six experts on the evolution of the Mollusca to provide an up-to-date review of its evolutionary history. The Mollusca are the second largest animal phylum and boast ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on Benthic Processes, Organisms, and Ecosystems

Andreas J. Andersson and Fred T. Mackenzie

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The benthic environment refers to the region defined by the interface between a body of water and the bottom substrate, including the upper part of the sediments, ... More


The influence of humans

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

We saw in Chapters 5 and 7 that the Quaternary was a time of low extinction rates despite a succession of strong environmental changes induced ultimately by climate. ... More


Temporal variations in benthic assemblages

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Most (but by no means all) benthic species have larval stages which use the water column for dispersal. As indicated in the previous chapter, a key process affecting ... More


Human impacts on soft-sediment systems—trawling and fisheries

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Given the discussion above regarding natural changes in the marine benthos, we should now consider the human-mediated (anthropogenic) changes and the response of ... More


The soft-sediment benthos in the ecosystem

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The benthos does not, of course, live in isolation from other parts of the ecosystem. Here we consider the roles that the benthos plays in the system and how the ... More


Animal–plant interactions

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Population dynamics of plant species of coastal sand dunes is influenced directly, both above and below the soil surface, by a wide variety of organisms. Plants serve ... More


The sediment and related environmental factors

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Our next major question is, how can we characterize the sediment as a habitat for biota? Marine sediments range from coarse gravels in areas subjected to much wave and ... More


Describing assemblages of sediment-living organisms

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

One of the most fruitful aspects of ecological research is the search for common patterns in the bewildering variability of nature. Given current concerns about global ... More


Functional diversity of benthic assemblages

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Now that we have discussed how assemblages of marine soft sediments are structured, we need to consider functional aspects. There are a few main interrelationships ... More


Phylum Mollusca

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

Mollusca is comprised of approximately 200,000 described living species, making it one of the largest animal phyla, and consists of eight living classes that are predominantly marine, with gastropods ... More


Brachiopoda

Carsten Lüter

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Brachiopoda is an exclusively marine group of bivalved sessile filter feeders comprising some 400 extant as opposed to about 30,000 described fossil species. The nervous system in brachiopods was ... More


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