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Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Tim Maudlin

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

At least since the work of Tarski, the Liar paradox has stood in the way of an acceptable account of the notion of truth. It has been less noticed that once one admits a truth predicate into a formal ... More


The Seas of Language

Michael Dummett

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book contains articles in metaphysics and philosophy of language written between 1975 and 1992. Dummett defends the verificationist theory of meaning, according to which in order to know the ... More


Vagueness and Second‐Level Indeterminacy

Matti Eklund

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many theorists of vagueness take vagueness to be bound up with indeterminacy in a way that conflicts with classical logic and bivalence. Others, epistemicists like Timothy Williamson, hold that the ... More


Agnosticism and Vagueness

Sven Rosenkranz

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Epistemicism incorporates the thesis that vague discourse is governed by classical logic and bivalence. This classicist thesis has implications for the theory of reference. A natural response to the ... More


Scope Confusions and Unsatisfiable Disjuncts: Two Problems for Supervaluationism

Delia Graff Fara

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers two problems for supervaluationist accounts of vagueness. First is that the best (canonical-supervaluationist) explanation of our inclination to accept Sorites premises ... More


Saving Truth From Paradox

Hartry Field

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The book is an opinionated survey of philosophical work on paradoxes of truth and of related notions, such as property-instantiation, with occasional forays into related topics such as vagueness, the ... More


Other Paradoxes

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter discusses several paradoxes of denotation, and returns to paradoxes about properties, relations, and propositions. It also considers whether the notion of validity is bivalent, and ... More


Who's Afraid of Degrees of Truth?

Nicholas J. J. Smith

in Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers objections to the fuzzy view of vagueness in particular, and to degree-theoretic treatments of vagueness in general. These objections are that the very idea of truth coming in ... More


Two Notions of Realism?

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's narrow aim in this essay is to complicate Dummett's simplistic, logico‐linguistic formulation of the debate between realism and anti‐realism, by undermining the presumption that the law of ... More


Vagueness and Legal Theory

TIMOTHY A. O. ENDICOTT

in Vagueness in Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268406
eISBN:
9780191714795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268406.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter addresses the implications of vagueness for understanding the nature of law, and the nature of adjudication, through an argument that ‘higher-order’ vagueness (the vagueness of phrases ... More


Introduction

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the realist views of meaning the truth. This book discusses the realism debate, provides a brief survey of varieties of ... More


The Manifestation Argument is Dead

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores the foundational relationships between manifestation, bivalence and undecidability. It examines all possible positions one might take on the relationships among the decidable, ... More


Long Live the Manifestation Argument

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter aims to remedy the deficiencies exposed in philosopher Michael Dummett's manifestation argument as directed against the principle of bivalence. It evaluates the application of the ... More


Truth

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

According to Cicero, ‘Chrysippus strains every sinew in order to persuade us that every assertible is either true or false’. How did Chrysippus strain his sinews? Why did he strain them? And what ... More


Non-Conditional Disputations

Terence Parsons

in Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250449
eISBN:
9780191681301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250449.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses a number of attempts to prove that there can be no such thing as indeterminate identity. The arguments discussed here are limited to ones that do not turn on the logic or ... More


Realism

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Realism has traditionally been understood as an epistemological doctrine about the direct awareness of the external objects. There is another sense of realism, in which one is said to be a realist ... More


Realism and Anti‐Realism

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Disputes about realism should be construed as disputes not about a class of entities, but about the truth‐value of the statements in a given class. For what reality consists in is not determined just ... More


Vagueness, Logic, and Interpretation

Christopher Hookway

in Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256587
eISBN:
9780191597718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256586.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This discussion of Peirce's account of vagueness begins with a comparison of the attitudes towards vagueness of Frege, Peirce, and Wittgenstein. It explores Peirce's account of vagueness through an ... More


Chapter 9: The Third Exception to RCP; Future Singular Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The third class of exceptions introduces the famous Sea‐battle paradox, which is normally studied in isolation from the rest of the treatise. By approaching this chapter in its context, however, a ... More


Logic and entailment

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in The Logic of Language: Language From Within Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559480
eISBN:
9780191721144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559480.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the basic notions of logic, entailment, truth value, bivalence and multivalence, truth‐value gap, proposition, logical form. It discusses the distinction between sentence types ... More


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