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“Upon This Rock”: Peter and the Papacy

David W. Kling

in The Bible in History: How the Texts Have Shaped the Times

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195130089
eISBN:
9780199835393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130081.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter focuses on the so-called Petrine text (Matthew 16:18–19) and its place in Catholicism as a rationale for the office of the papacy. It traces the history of the text, from the early ... More


Providential History from the Reign of Constantine

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

Although Marsilius has doubts about the authenticity of the Donation of Constantine, it is too important to his argument for him to reject it. For it records the emperor ceding legislative power to ... More


The Appeal Canons

Hamilton Hess

in The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Serdican canons that accord a right of appeal to the bishop of Rome by a bishop who believes himself to have been unfairly judged by his peers have played an important part in the development of ... More


The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Hamilton Hess

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

An augmented second edition of The Canons of the Council of Sardica, ad 343: A Landmark in the Early Development of Canon Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958). The earlier historical and ... More


Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

During the fourth century AD, theological controversy divided Christian communities throughout the eastern half of the Roman Empire. At stake in these disputes was not only the truth about God but ... More


The Challenge of Theology and Power in Action: Bishops, Cities, and Empire, a.d. 337–361

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 8 argues that the dispute encouraged bishops to devise new strategies of asserting their authority in city and empire, sometimes in sheer opposition to the emperor and even questioning his ... More


“Not in the Spirit of Controversy”: Truth, Leadership, and Solidarity

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter aims to show how, in the early church, bishops generally adhered to a pattern of conduct rooted in a tradition of solidarity and cooperation with one's peers. When confronted with ... More


The City of Rome

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the relationship between the papacy and Jews in Rome, the seat of the pope’s power not as Europe’s spiritual leader but as the city’s bishop. During the High Middle Ages Jewish ... More


Introduction

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The introduction describes the genesis of this study in light of the author's interests in religious violence associated with the so-called Arian controversy in the fourth century AD. After briefly ... More


“To Please the Overseer of All”: The Emperor's Involvement and the Politicization of Theology

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 6 deals with the impact on the controversy of Constantine's intervention and the “criminalization” of doctrinal dissent following the proclamation of Nicene orthodoxy. Thereafter, theological ... More


The Historical Peter

A. Edward Siecienski

in The Papacy and the Orthodox: Sources and History of a Debate

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190245252
eISBN:
9780190245276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

For centuries, Roman Catholic teaching concerning papal primacy rested on the historical claim that Christ, during his earthly life, entrusted to Simon Peter a unique ministry as “head of the ... More


Claiming Truth, Projecting Power, A.D. 325–337

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Nicaea failed to produce theological consensus, but in the politically charged climate after the council, theological disagreement became even more threatening to church leaders, who understood that ... More


Christian Leadership and the Challenge of Theology

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Focusing on the early church, chapter 1 discusses the challenges that theological disagreement and dissent posed to church leaders at a time when their authority came increasingly to rest on their ... More


Precision, Devotion, and Controversy in Alexandria

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter demonstrates how, in the early Arian controversy in Alexandria, there was a subtle but fundamental change in the nature of church leaders' response to theological disagreement. ... More


Conclusion

Carlos R. Galvão-Sobrinho

in Doctrine and Power: Theological Controversy and Christian Leadership in the Later Roman Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520257399
eISBN:
9780520954663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257399.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The conclusion revisits the central arguments of the book and pulls together the main threads of this study.


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