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Family Caps, Abortion and Women of Color: Research Connection and Political Rejection

Michael Camasso

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179057
eISBN:
9780199864546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179057.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

Fifteen years ago, New Jersey became the first of over twenty states to introduce the family cap, a welfare reform policy that reduces or eliminates cash benefits for unmarried women on public ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


EQUILIBRIUM AND ACCELERATED DEATH

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter argues for a two-dimensional, energetically-based view of population equilibrium, and this view is supported by two large-scale observations. It suggests that thinking about equilibrium ... More


Modeling the Genomic Evolution of Gene Contents

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Whole-genome analysis, e.g., the presence or absence of gene families over multiple genomes, is becoming an attractive approach for extracting the bulk phylogenetic signals and exploring the pattern ... More


Human demography, history, and disease

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolution is intimately connected with demography. Differences in the fitness of organisms of different genotypes are due to differences in their age-specific survival or fertility rates. This ... More


Social Interactions and Fluctuations in Birth Rates

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Shows that the relevance of social interaction is not restricted to developing countries with relatively high levels of fertility. In particular, fluctuations in birth rates in developed countries ... More


Birth and Death

Theodore Zeldin

in France 1848–1945: Volume Two: Intellect, Taste and Anxiety

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198221258
eISBN:
9780191678424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221258.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The demographic history of France is very revealing not only about the attitudes of individuals towards the most basic facts of life and the status of the family, but also about the clash between ... More


Sexual Pleasure, Contraception, and Fertility Decline

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter argues that from the 1930s to the 1950s, it is probable that birth rates rose due to rising rates of coitus. Some aspects of the English experience are compared with American and ... More


Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Robert A. LeVine, Sarah LeVine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Decades of research have shown that women’s school attainment is correlated with reduced child mortality and fertility in developing countries – without clarifying the processes involved. This book ... More


Population and Labour

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074175
eISBN:
9780199082148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0011
Subject:
History, Indian History

There are three sets of factors that determine population growth: the economic rationality of having large or small families, the sociocultural contexts influencing preferences for large or small ... More


Young single mothers and ‘welfare reform’ in the US

Christine Carter McLaughlin and Kristin Luker

in When children become parents: Welfare state responses to teenage pregnancy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346780
eISBN:
9781447304272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346780.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter discusses the emergence of teenage pregnancy as a social problem in the US, paradoxically at a time when teenage pregnancy is declining. It presents statistical data on adolescent birth ... More


Demography of childhood

Jonathan Bradshaw

in The well-being of children in the UK

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428370
eISBN:
9781447304005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428370.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter presents a review of recent developments in the demography of childhood in the UK and children's changing social relationships within the family. It also discusses the demographic ... More


The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

Leonore Davidoff

in Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199546480
eISBN:
9780191730993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546480.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History, Family History

A high birth rate among most people meant offspring were spread over a wide age range creating an ‘intermediate generation’ between parents and younger children. Life in middle-class households could ... More


Meeting the challenge of new teenage reproductive behaviour in Russia

Elena Ivanova

in When children become parents: Welfare state responses to teenage pregnancy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346780
eISBN:
9781447304272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346780.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter first analyses the statistical trends in young people's reproductive behaviour since 1965. It points out that the interest in the phenomenon of adolescent motherhood in Russia appeared ... More


Revising the Niche Concept: Definitions and Mechanistic Models

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold

in Ecological Niches: Linking Classical and Contemporary Approaches

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101798
eISBN:
9780226101811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101811.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter proposes a quantitative definition of niche that includes a species' requirements from and impacts on a factor. Requirements refer to the conditions where an organism's birth rates ... More


Parenthood in the United States

Ruth-Arlene W. Howe

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

During the turbulent years preceding World War II, the American family was ‘vital to the nation’s survival, both as a symbol of democracy and as a counterpoint to the autocratic families of the Third ... More


The Components of Population Change

Michael Anderson and Corinne Roughley

in Scotland's Populations from the 1850s to Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198805830
eISBN:
9780191843747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805830.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Scotland and England had broadly similar fertility and mortality trends, but Scotland’s net emigration far exceeded England’s at all periods, and in most decades was the highest in western Europe ... More


Barren Land and Fecund Bodies: The Emergence of Population Discourse in Interwar Egypt

in The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755672
eISBN:
9780804781923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755672.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter, which explores the new modes of governance, expertise, and social knowledge that characterized a distinctive era of population politics in Egypt during the interwar period, examines two ... More


The Willcock Years

James Hinton

in The Mass Observers: A History, 1937-1949

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671045
eISBN:
9780191750656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671045.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter deals with Mass-Observation's work between 1943 and the autumn of 1946 when Tom Harrisson returned from the army. The work discussed includes books on attitudes to post-war ... More


Growth, Sex, Fertility, and Decline

Peter Wynn Kirby

in Troubled Natures: Waste, Environment, Japan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834289
eISBN:
9780824870515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834289.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how toxic waste issues have triggered anxieties over fertility and family health in Tokyo. It first considers the disconnect between community ideals such as close-knit family ... More


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