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‘What've a boiling kettle got to do with a baby?’ 1: The Maintenance of Ignorance

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the tension between the proliferation of information about birth control methods (condoms, caps, female pessaries, and forms of abortion) in the early 20th century, and the ... More


‘We did try one of them rubber things once, but we didn't like 'em’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the reasons behind individuals' choice of method. It argues that historians and demographers have hitherto uncritically assumed individuals would welcome technological ... More


Sterilization, Birth Control, and the Catholic Confrontation with Eugenics

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although engaged in questioning the precepts of the eugenics movement from its inception, Catholic leaders’ interest in the movement reached its apogee in the late 1920s, when the twin issues of ... More


‘The majority went back to withdrawal’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges the idea that by the interwar period, appliance methods of contraception were increasingly replacing ‘inefficient’, ‘unreliable’, and ‘unpleasant’ traditional forms. It ... More


The Modern Female Body as a Mass Phenomenon

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter posits women's physical liberation alongside political emancipation, greater gender equality, expanding employment opportunities after 1918. A modern femininity was constructed by means ... More


Mastering the Sexual Self: Contraception and Sexuality 1890s–1950s

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines in detail the methods of contraception used from the 1890s to the 1950s, including abstaining from sexual intercourse. These include spermicides, condoms, diaphragms and other ... More


Clash: The Labour Party and Birth Control, 1923 to 1930

Stephen Brooke

in Sexual Politics: Sexuality, Family Planning, and the British Left from the 1880s to the Present Day

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199562541
eISBN:
9780191731167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562541.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter examines in detail the campaign spearheaded by the Workers’ Birth Control Group within the Labour Party to have access to birth control information adopted as party policy. It sets this ... More


Teaching Birth Control on Tobacco Road and Mill Village Alley: Race, Class, and Birth Control in Public Health

Johanna Schoen

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 1930s, public health professionals launched birth control programs as part of their infant and maternal health measures. In addition to reducing infant and maternal mortality rates, offering ... More


The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Hera Cook

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book describes the transformation of sexuality in England between the late 1700s and around 1975. It argues that there is a close connection between sexual attitudes and behaviour, and the ... More


An American Religion and a Roman Church, 1960–2001

Jay P. Dolan

in In Search of an American Catholicism: A History of Religion and Culture in Tension

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195069266
eISBN:
9780199834143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195069269.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The five themes presented in Ch. 3 (democracy, American national identity, gender equality, devotional Catholicism, and the Americanization of Catholic doctrine) are further examined here in the ... More


‘Conferring a Premium on the Destruction of Female Morals’: Fertility Control and Sexuality in the Early to Mid-Nineteenth Century

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the interaction between the need for fertility control, male and female sexual desire, and the vulnerability created by the dependent economic status of mothers. In the 19th ... More


‘One Man is as Good as Another in that Respect’: Women and Sexual Abstinence

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges Carl Degler's 1970s ‘revisionist’ approach — which claims that the image of Victorian women as repressed is inaccurate — and reaffirms the importance of the ‘double standard’. ... More


Making Marriage Modern: Women's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II

Christina Simmons

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195064117
eISBN:
9780199869565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Social History

As a modern female style undermined a Victorian motherhood‐centered ideal, whites and African Americans debated conceptions of women's sexuality and marriage. In the 1910s social hygiene reformers ... More


‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that the evidence for the early use of withdrawal is minimal. The argument that withdrawal (coitus interruptus) and abortion provided an effective means of birth control in the ... More


Contesting Woman’s Place

David Howell

in MacDonald's Party: Labour Identities and Crisis 1922-1931

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203049
eISBN:
9780191719530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203049.003.0022
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When women challenged their assigned place in the Labour Party, and, at least by implication, their official identity as ‘Labour Woman’, their dissent was fuelled by specific and deeply felt ... More


Companionate Marriage

Christina Simmons

in Making Marriage Modern: Women's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195064117
eISBN:
9780199869565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Social History

By the 1920s, as sex radicals were silenced by the Red Scare, more conventional reformers—social scientists and ex‐radicals—developed the concept of companionate marriage, to adapt marriage to a ... More


Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

in The Economics of Child Labour

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199264452
eISBN:
9780191602511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264457.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Decisions concerning birth control, and expenditure on pre-school children, take into account what will be done with these children if they survive to school age. Depending on whether it crowds-in or ... More


Contraception, Sex, and Pleasure

Timothy Willem Jones

in Sexual Politics in the Church of England, 1857-1957

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199655106
eISBN:
9780191744952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655106.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the reversal of the Church of England’s position on birth control between 1908 and 1930. It explores the formation of social policy around contraception to show how Anglican ... More


“They Have Been the Pioneers”: American Jewish Women and the Mainstreaming of Birth Control

Melissa R. Klapper

in Ballots, Babies, and Banners of Peace: American Jewish Women's Activism, 1890-1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814748947
eISBN:
9780814749463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814748947.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the challenges and successes that Jewish women in the birth control movement encountered during the 1930s. Most Jewish women supported the strategy of increasing the number of ... More


Sexual Advice for Modern Marriage

Christina Simmons

in Making Marriage Modern: Women's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195064117
eISBN:
9780199869565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Social History

Freer from censorship by 1930, reformers from the birth control and marriage education movements, many of them physicians, published a large body of sexual advice literature. Through it, they sought ... More


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