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Animal architects as ecosystem engineers Animal architects as ecosystem engineers

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with the subject of builders at the community level. It assesses whether animal builders are important ecosystem engineers, and whether they support the concept of keystone ... More


Benthic animals and plants and what they do to sediments

Simon F. Thrush, Judi E. Hewitt, Conrad A. Pilditch, and Alf Norkko

in Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments: Form, Function, and Change in the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198804765
eISBN:
9780191843044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804765.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the interactions of plants and animals with their immediate sedimentary environment. Plants and animals fundamentally change the physical and chemical characteristics of their ... More


Incorporating extinction risk and realistic biodiversity futures: implementation of trait-based extinction scenarios

Martin Solan, Finlay Scott, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Jasmin A. Godbold, and Ruth Parker

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Many species are going extinct, mainly due to anthropogenic activities and climate forcing. The ecological significance of extinction has been linked to the sequential order of species loss and ... More


Lessons from the fossil record: the Ediacaran radiation, the Cambrian radiation, and the end-Permian mass extinction

Stephen Q. Dornbos, Matthew E. Clapham, Margaret L. Fraiser, and Marc Laflamme

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Due to its extensive deep-time history encompassing almost 600 million years, the fossil record offers important insights into changing biodiversity in marine ecosystems, inluding rapid ... More


The Physical Environment of Lakes

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Before discussing paleolimnological archives, we need to consider those aspects of limnology that regulate how information is produced, transmitted, and filtered through the water column. Although ... More


Paleoecological Archives in Lake Deposits I: Problems and Methods

Andrew S. Cohen

in Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133530
eISBN:
9780197561577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133530.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Fossils provide some of the most detailed sources of information for environmental reconstruction available to the paleolimnologist. The use of lacustrine fossils to infer paleoenvironmental ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on Sediment Fauna

Stephen Widdicombe and John I. Spicer

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The vast majority of the seafloor is covered not in rocky or biogenic reefs but in unconsolidated sediments and, consequently, the majority of marine biodiversity consists of invertebrates either ... More


The Marine Environment: Present and Past

Eelco Rohling and Ramadan Abu-Zied

in The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199268030
eISBN:
9780191919305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199268030.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The Mediterranean is a landlocked, semi-enclosed marginal sea that spans a maximum of 3,860 km in the west–east direction, and a maximum of ∼1, 600km in the north–south direction. Along its roughly ... More


Lakes, Wetlands, and Holocene Environmental Change

Neil Roberts and Jane Reed

in The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199268030
eISBN:
9780191919305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199268030.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The Mediterranean regions of the world are defined on the basis of their climate, with a distinct hot, dry summer season and a warm, wet winter (Grove and Rackham 2001; Chapter 3). Spring and ... More


Effects of Continents and Supercontinents on Organic Evolution

John J.W. Rogers and M. Santosh

in Continents and Supercontinents

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165890
eISBN:
9780197562147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165890.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

The earth’s organic life has changed continually for more than 3.5 billion years. This evolution may have resulted partly from environmental stress generated by tectonic activity within the earth ... More


Introduction

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

As the oceans cover 70% of the earth’s surface, marine sediments constitute the second largest habitat on earth, after the ocean water column, and yet we still know more about the dark side of the ... More


The Sediment and Related Environmental Factors

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Our next major question is, how can we characterize the sediment as a habitat for biota? Marine sediments range from coarse gravels in areas subjected to much wave and current action, to muds ... More


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