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Constructing Capabilities in Entrepreneurial Technology Firms: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Germany, Sweden, and the UK

Richard Whitley and Steven Casper

in Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities: The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199205172
eISBN:
9780191709555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores the mechanisms linking dominant institutions to distinctive business competences in Germany, Sweden, and the UK, and looks at the relative success of these mechanisms in some ... More


How an American technology cluster emerged and became sustainable: San Diego biotechnology

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The ability of the US economy to generate new technology industries, such as biotechnology, provides support to the contention that liberal market economies (LMEs) have a comparative institutional ... More


Is a Substantive Regime Adequate to Generate full Compliance? The Biotechnology Debate

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores how the relationship of the biotechnology industry with the patent system was facilitated, which subsequently led to the growth of the industry. It shows how the courts, the ... More


Innovation, entrepreneurship, and technological change: an overview

Albert N. Link and Donald S. Siegel

in Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Technological Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268825
eISBN:
9780191699290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268825.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to provide a comprehensive and integrative overview of the burgeoning literature on innovation, entrepreneurship, and technological ... More


Economic Specialization: Pathways to Change

Michael Storper, Thomas Kemeny, Naji Philip Makarem, and Taner Osman

in The Rise and Fall of Urban Economies: Lessons from San Francisco and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804789400
eISBN:
9780804796026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789400.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Industries, firms, and entrepreneurs in the Bay Area and Los Angeles did not plan the economic divergence of their regions. They faced challenges from the restructuring of the Old Economy and ... More


Biotechnology Dilemma 1: Patented Research Tools and Experimental Use

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Research tools used by scientists are essential for innovation in the biotechnology industry. In recent years, the patenting of such tools has skyrocketed with many scholars and organizations ... More


Making Biotech History: Social Resistance to Agricultural Biotechnology and the Future of the Biotechnology Industry

Rachel A. Schurman and William A. Munro

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the character and impact of the new antibiotech movement. It first presents a sketch of what the movement looks like and of whom it comprises. The chapter also describes the ... More


Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Rachel Schurman (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Talk of genetically engineered organisms (GEOs) has moved from the hushed corridors of life science corporations to the front pages of the world's major newspapers. As Europeans began rejecting ... More


Biotechnology Dilemma 2: Material Transfer Agreements

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focuses on material transfer agreements (MTAs). Scientists frequently need and request materials owned by others. The most common request involves biological materials such as genes, ... More


The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

John F. Padgett and Walter W. Powell

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The social sciences have sophisticated models of choice and equilibrium but little understanding of the emergence of novelty. Where do new alternatives, new organizational forms, and new types of ... More


Parts of the Elephant: How Industry Perspective Drives Patent Theory

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter argues that the disagreements about how the patent system promotes innovation can be traced to the industry-specific character of the patent system. The prospect vision of patents maps ... More


Why Courts and Not Congress Offer a Way Out of the Crisis

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter addresses the dangers of legislating industry-specific statutes. It also defends the proposition that courts, rather than Congress or the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), are the right ... More


When Small States Make Big Leaps: Institutional Innovation and High-Tech Competition in Western Europe

Darius Ornston

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450921
eISBN:
9780801465963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450921.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

At the close of the twentieth century, Denmark, Finland, and Ireland emerged as unlikely centers for high-tech competition. This book reveals how these historically low-tech countries managed to ... More


The CCR5 Patent and Intellectual Property Law

Myles W. Jackson

in The Genealogy of a Gene: Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028660
eISBN:
9780262327190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028660.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Using the CCR5 patent as a guide, this chapter analyses how various legal precedents based on chemistry have proven to be inappropriate to genes. Gene patents are controversial not simply because of ... More


Profits and Principles

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the conflict between the pursuit of profits and scientific principles, focusing on the case of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) which was considered the ... More


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