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Metabolic Synthesis

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a general background on the synthesis of chemical biomarkers and their association with key metabolic pathways in organisms, as related to differences in cellular structure and ... More


Brain glycolipids: insights from genetic modifications of biosynthetic enzymes

Ronald L. Schnaar

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the biosynthesis and roles of the brain glycolipids. It first describes various glycolipids present in the brain. It then describes the phenotype of knockout mice for those ... More


Endocannabinoids

Leslie L. Iversen

in The Science of Marijuana

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195328240
eISBN:
9780199864751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328240.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of the discovery of naturally occurring cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. It then discusses the biosynthesis and inactivation of endocannabinoids, the ... More


The acute effect of monoamine oxidase inhibitors on serotonin conversion to melatonin

Gregory F. Oxenkrug

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors were introduced as antidepressants about thirty years ago. The pharmacological mechanism of their antidepressant effect was related to the inhibition of MAO ... More


How to explore the sometimes unusual chemistry of aquatic defence chemicals

Georg Pohnert

in Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199583096
eISBN:
9780191810091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583096.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces two defence strategies that do not fall within the categories of constitutive, activated, or induced defences. The first one relies on very simple primary metabolites or their ... More


Receptor and Enzyme Mechanisms as Targets for Endocrine Disruptors

Heather B. Patisaul and Scott M. Belcher

in Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199935734
eISBN:
9780190678524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935734.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

In this chapter, the current understanding of the mechanisms of endocrine disruption on the brain and nervous system are presented. Because the overwhelming majority of mechanistic studies on EDCs ... More


Renal medicine

Stevan R. Emmett, Nicola Hill, and Federico Dajas-Bailador

in Clinical Pharmacology for Prescribing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199694938
eISBN:
9780191918438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694938.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Pharmacology

The kidneys are of fundamental importance in the regu­lation of fluid and electrolytes, maintaining permissive extracellular fluid composition (salts and water), pH, and volume, while also ... More


From the Moon to Mars: The Search for Extraterrestrial Life

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

“But did anyone really expect to find anything?” I ask Geoff, as he shows me the canister that had contained his sample of moon dust from the 1969 Apollo 11 mission. “Well, no,” he replied, “we ... More


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