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No Will to Know: The Rise and Fall of African Civil Registration in Twentieth-Century South Africa

Keith Breckenridge

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Vital statistics have been politically fraught in South Africa for decades, not least because the state made very little effort to record information about the well-being of African women and ... More


International Travel

Rey Koslowski

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

The chapter examines international travel in terms of the development of international norms and regulations; current politics of international cooperation on international travel and consider ... More


The Prospects for Survival from Conception to Childhood

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter takes a biological-demographic perspective. It addresses a number of complex questions. What is the most likely age pattern of mortality risk between conception and age one? How might ... More


Mundane terror

Steve Woolgar and Daniel Neyland

in Mundane Governance: Ontology and Accountability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199584741
eISBN:
9780191762994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584741.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Chapter 8 engages with things that have—via particular passages through, and questions posed of, accountability relations—become ontologically insecure. It focuses on water bottles and letter bombs ... More


Media misconduct

Wacks Raymond

in Privacy and Media Freedom

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199668656
eISBN:
9780191748714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668656.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter describes the various forms of physical and technological intrusion, some of which (such as the infamous telephone hacking conducted by journalists—and which sparked the Leveson Inquiry) ... More


The Origin(s) of Interaction: Interaction in the Eugenics Controversy

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The origin of research on the interaction of nature and nurture is really a story of origins. For, in the 1920s and 1930s, two British biologists separately considered how nature and nurture might ... More


The ontological interpretation of informational privacy

Luciano Floridi

in The Ethics of Information

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199641321
eISBN:
9780191760938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641321.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter is divided into two parts. In the first half I argue that (1) informational privacy is a function of the ontological friction in the infosphere, that is, of the forces that oppose the ... More


Corporate Power and Technocracy

Jean Drèze

in Sense and Solidarity: Jholawala Economics for Everyone

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833468
eISBN:
9780191871900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833468.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter scrutinises the growing influence of corporate power on public policy in India. The opening essay discusses a startling case of attempted invasion of child nutrition programmes by ... More


Facial Recognition Technology from the Lab to the Marketplace

Kelly A. Gates

in Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732090
eISBN:
9780814733035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732090.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how automated facial recognition and related technologies were envisioned and designed to serve a set of institutional priorities during the period of political-economic ... More


Inventing the Security-Conscious, Tech-Savvy Citizen

Kelly A. Gates

in Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732090
eISBN:
9780814733035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732090.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how social uses of facial recognition and other biometrics are being defined at the level of individual users, and how the securitization of identity is incorporated at the ... More


The Biodetective Versus the Detective of the Real in Zero Dark Thirty and Homeland

Hilary Neroni

in The Subject of Torture: Psychoanalysis and Biopolitics in Television and Film

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170710
eISBN:
9780231539142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170710.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the role of torture and biometrics, biopower, and terrorism in Zero Dark Thirty (2012), the Bourne films (2002–2012), and Homeland (2011–present). Zero Dark Thirty covers the ... More


Introduction

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Biometric technology is used to verify and authenticate the identity of an individual on the basis of physiological or behavioral characteristics. Its widespread use has raised concerns over issues ... More


September 11: A Catalyst for Biometrics?

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The terrorist attacks of September 11 raised a great concern over the national security of the United States. After these attacks, the nation witnessed great deployment of biometric identification ... More


Privacy and Biometric Technology

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Privacy concerns play a significant part in the deployment and use of biometric systems of identification, and are central to the public policy debate over the use of biometric technology. Privacy is ... More


Anonymity

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter sheds light on how biometric systems of identification can become a potential threat to anonymity and decisional autonomy. Biometric technology can be a potential threat to anonymity and ... More


Trust and Confidence

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Trust and confidence help to build and maintain a social capital of a democracy through civic participation and engagement. Civic participation and engagement with networks, organizations, and ... More


Paternalism

Lisa S. Nelson

in America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014779
eISBN:
9780262289689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014779.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses how paternalism influences the regulation and use of biometric systems of identification. It considers the societal perceptions of biometric technology in the event of ... More


Introduction to biometric measures for Games User Research

Lennart E. Nacke

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter presents the physiological metrics used in Games User Research (GUR). Aimed at GUR professionals in the games industry, it explains what methods are available to researchers to measure ... More


Developing actionable biometric insights for production teams: Case studies and key learnings

Pierre Chalfoun and Jonathan Dankoff

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

In this chapter we describe the challenges and learnings in establishing processes for developing actionable biometric procedures for production teams. The chapter, divided in four main sections, ... More


Evolution

S.K. Das

in Making the Poor Free?: India's Unique Identification Number

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199453290
eISBN:
9780199085378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199453290.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter traces the evolutionary pathway of different schemes of the Indian Government that have, over the years, sought to provide identification. Originally, the scheme of providing ... More


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