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The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice

Jennifer Radden and John Sadler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389371
eISBN:
9780199866328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Drawing on the role morality developed in previous applications of virtue ethics to professional practice, The Virtuous Psychiatrist shows that the ethical practice of psychiatry depends on the ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


Does Aging Stop?

Laurence D. Mueller, Casandra L. Rauser, and Michael R. Rose

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book addresses the most paradoxical finding of recent aging research: the cessation of demographic aging. The authors show that aging stops at the level of the individual organism, and explain ... More


Desperate and Rational: Parents and Professionals in Autism Research

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the process of persuasion and affective involvement whereby parents and new practitioners come to take part in the practice of treating autism as well as in research on autism. ... More


9 9 Research in Schools

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the arguments for and against conducting biomedical and behavioral research in schools; whether additional human subject protections are necessary; and whose consent is ... More


Control of Locomotion: Lessons from Whole-body Biomechanical Analysis

Boris I. Prilutsky and Alexander N. Klishko

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Biomechanical analysis of whole-body locomotion in different conditions is a unique tool for exploring the effects of environmental demands on movement control. This chapter reviews data from the ... More


Love as an Analytic Tool

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book examines the evolution of the diagnostic category of autism as people have understood it in different places and times, with a particular focus on the importance of affect in biomedical ... More


The Ascetic Subject of Compliance: The Turn to Chronic Diseases in Global Health

Ian Whitmarsh

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Compliance has become a principal public health issue of the twenty-first century, and compliance posits a figure with a responsibility to continually work to discipline the self into a biomedical ... More


Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Allen E. Buchanan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book examines the ethical controversy surrounding biomedical enhancement: the use of biotechnologies to improve normal human capacities and characteristics. It deflates the heated rhetoric of ... More


Drugs Don't Talk: Do Medication and Biological Psychiatry Contribute to Silencing the Self?

Richard A. Gordon

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the recent rise in the use of antidepressant medications as well as the growing emphasis on biomedical explanations for depression. The chapter presents the history of ... More


Catch and Release: The Enduring Yet Vulnerable Horseshoe Crab

Lisa Jean Moore

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479876303
eISBN:
9781479848096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876303.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Based on a multimethod study that centers on interviews with over 30 conservationists, field biologists, ecologists, paleontologists and over 3 years of my fieldwork on urban beaches in the New York ... More


Basics in Bioinformatics and Statistics

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The available web-based genome resources provide great opportunities for biomedical scientists to identify functional elements in a particular genome region or explore the evolutionary pattern of ... More


Hematologies: The Political Life of Blood in India

Jacob Copeman and Dwaipayan Banerjee

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745096
eISBN:
9781501745102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745096.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book is an account of the political economy and cultural meaning of blood in contemporary India. It examines how the giving and receiving of blood has shaped social and political life. The book ... More


Moral Enhancement as a Possible Way Out

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To enable liberal democracies to stop human induced climatic and environmental deterioriation it is then necessary to morally enhance their citizens, to make them appropriately concerned about the ... More


Domestic violence and health: The response of the medical profession

Emma Williamson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342157
eISBN:
9781447302148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342157.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This book explores the issue of healthcare professionals' attitudes towards women who are victims of domestic violence. There is a growing interest by healthcare professionals and researchers in the ... More


Authenticity

Mike W. Martin

in Happiness and the Good Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845217
eISBN:
9780199933068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845217.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Be yourself, we are told, and happiness will follow. Discovering and developing our “authentic self” does indeed contribute to happiness by tapping into wellsprings of enjoyment and meaning. Yet ... More


The Acting Person in Science Practice

Lisa M. Osbeck and Nancy J. Nersessian

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter questions the appropriate unit of analysis for the psychology of science. There is an integration problem in science studies with two aspects: an artificial divide between sociocultural ... More


Biomedical Odysseys: Fetal Cell Experiments from Cyberspace to China

Priscilla Song

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174778
eISBN:
9781400885282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174778.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Thousands of people from more than eighty countries have traveled to China since 2001 to undergo fetal cell transplantation. Galvanized by the potential of stem and fetal cells to regenerate damaged ... More


Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Thomas Banchoff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Since the first fertilization of a human egg in the laboratory in 1968, scientific and technological breakthroughs have raised ethical dilemmas and generated policy controversies on both sides of the ... More


Up the Rocky Road: Venture Case Studies

Robert Kneller

in Bridging Islands: Venture Companies and the Future of Japanese and American Industry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268801
eISBN:
9780191699283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This chapter looks directly at Japanese high technology ventures and describes their present situation and future prospects. It presents twenty case studies of ventures in biomedical and ... More


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