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Touch, Representation, and Blindness

Morton A. Heller (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503873
eISBN:
9780191686559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503873.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychological studies of touch and blindness have been fraught with controversy. Within this field there remains an important theoretical divide. Many researchers have taken a cognitive approach to ... More


Transplant Imaginary: "Mechanical Hearts, Animal Parts, and Moral Thinking in Highly Experimental Science"

Lesley A. Sharp

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277960
eISBN:
9780520957152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277960.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The extraordinarily surgically successful realm of organ transplantation is plagued worldwide by the scarcity of donated human parts, a quandary that generates ongoing debates over the marketing of ... More


The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The head carries most of the sensory systems that enable us to function effectively in our three-dimensional habitat. Without adequate head movement control, efficient spatial orientation and motor ... More


Biomechanical Models of the Head-Neck System

Johannes Dimnet

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, a classification of biomechanical models of the head-neck system is proposed. Generally, these models are developed to study the responses of head-neck structures to impact and ... More


Multiple Control Mechanisms Contribute to Functional Behaviors of the Head and Neck

Emily A. Keshner and Barry W. Peterson

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0058
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Head stability is achieved through a convergence of reflex, voluntary, and biomechanical factors. Each of these mechanisms has distinct kinematic and dynamic characteristics that must be coordinated ... More


Head-Trunk Coordination in Man: Is Trunk Angular Velocity Elicited by a Support Surface Movement the Only Factor Influencing Head Stabilization?

John H. J. Allum, Flurin Honegger, and Emily A. Keshner

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0092
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter's objective is to answer the question about the coordination of head and trunk movements as to whether head movements follow those of the trunk, as a passive mass-spring-dashpot system ... More


Human prehension and its prosthetic substitution

Pierre Rabischong

in The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522638
eISBN:
9780191688652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The gorilla hand possesses a thumb of reduced size and a mesaxonic axation, where the third and fourth fingers and the second and fifth fingers are of equal length. It constitutes a hook for ... More


Physical and Biological Properties and Principles: Related to Animal Locomotion

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Studies of animal locomotion are grounded in an understanding of the physical principles that govern how animals move and properties of the media through which they move. These studies, in turn, ... More


Cross-Sectional Geometries

Elizabeth Weiss

in Reading the Bones: Activity, Biology, and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054988
eISBN:
9780813053707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054988.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Cross-sectional geometries are examined in chapter 2; long bones can be envisioned as beams that experience biomechanical stresses, such as bending, torsion, and compressive forces, to which they ... More


Evaluating the visualisation of dynamic biomechanical data for healthcare and design

Alastair S. Macdonald

in The New Dynamics of Ageing Volume 1

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447314721
eISBN:
9781447314745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314721.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Biomechanical data is derived from the musculoskeletal system and the way it operates dynamically in relation to muscle force and the effects of gravity. Biomechanical analysis can be used to ... More


Artificial Life: Perfecting the Mechanical Heart

Lesley A. Sharp

in Transplant Imaginary: "Mechanical Hearts, Animal Parts, and Moral Thinking in Highly Experimental Science"

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277960
eISBN:
9780520957152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277960.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Chapter 3, “Artificial Life: Perfecting the Mechanical Heart,” focuses on the second ethnographic domain: bioengineering. Of special concern is how inventors seek to transform the human form, ... More


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