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The Evolution of Altruism via Social Addiction

Julie Hui and Terrence Deacon

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Each generation of evolutionary biologists has brought a fresh wave of attempts to answer the evolutionary riddle of altruism. However, none describe how such a condition could incrementally evolve ... More


Chance Untamed and the Return of Fate

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter demonstrates a reader-friendly discussion about the shift in orientation by molecular biologists away from genes per se, into the wider fields of genomics and epigenetics—that is, to the ... More


Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography

Eileen Lacey (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098534
eISBN:
9780520916098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098534.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book combines a series of research papers with more informal recollections of James L. Patton, who served as Curator of Mammals in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and as Professor of ... More


Warty Hammer Orchids, Adaptations, and Darwin

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the warty hammer orchid, a plant with an amazingly unflower-like flower that attracts a particular wasp, which is deceived into attempting to mate with the flower. Darwin’s ... More


Nature

J. A. Burrow

in The Ages of Man: A Study in Medieval Writing and Thought

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198117551
eISBN:
9780191670985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117551.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses schemes that may be called scientific, in so far as they seek to distinguish and explain the ages of Man in terms of natural causes. It includes a discussion of biologists and ... More


Managing Evolution: Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Farmers (beginning in the Neolithic), amateur and professional plant breeders in the last several centuries, and now molecular biologists have greatly increased our ability to genetically manipulate ... More


Experiencing the Natural Law

John J. Piderit

in Sexual Morality: A Natural Law Approach to Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199793273
eISBN:
9780190258313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199793273.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter focuses on the situation of a woman named Maria and how the secure standards she inherited from her Midwestern rural community were challenged by the moral universe of so many students ... More


The Relative Significance of Epigenetic Inheritance in Evolution: Some Philosophical Considerations

James Griesemer

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the significance of epigenetic inheritance in evolutionary biology. It focuses on the differing theoretical goals and commitments of mechanistic molecular biologists and ... More


Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Malcolm Gordon (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

We are living in the early stages of a looming worldwide extinction crisis. Abundant evidence shows that the current rate of species extinctions is nearing its highest level since the asteroid ... More


The Media and Biodiversity Conservation

Gilda Aburto

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the importance of the media in developing an effective conservation campaign. It explores a set of guidelines for establishing effective communication between biologists and the ... More


The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Larry Allen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine fishes have been intensively studied, and some of the fundamental ideas in the science of marine ecology have emerged from the body of knowledge derived from this diverse group of organisms. ... More


Early Life History of Marine Fishes

Bruce Miller

Sirpa Nummela (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249721
eISBN:
9780520943766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249721.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The life cycles of fishes are complex and varied, and knowledge of the early life stages is important for understanding the biology, ecology, and evolution of fishes. This book bring together in a ... More


Preferences and novelty: a multidisciplinary perspective

Wilhelm Ruprecht

in Innovation By Demand: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Demand and its Role in Innovation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062674
eISBN:
9781781700273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062674.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines how consumption fits into ‘evolutionary’ models of economic development. When only the supply side of growth is looked at in the presence of market satiation, both product and ... More


Science, Love, and Anaconda Research

Jesús A. Rivas

in Anaconda: The Secret Life of the World's Largest Snake

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780199732876
eISBN:
9780197521007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199732876.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

This introductory chapter provides an overview of anaconda research. It describes the author’s experience growing up as a herpetologist in Venezuela, which has both advantages and disadvantages. The ... More


Do We Need to Describe, Name, and Classify all Species?

Quentin D. Wheeler

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ernest Rutherford was more candid about his bias than most experimental biologists are in sharing their view of taxonomy. Experimental biologists do want to collect every species, but the similarity ... More


The Subunits of Semiconservative Replication

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the immediate impact the publication of the Meselson-Stahl experiment in PNAS had on the circle of biologists already engaged with the replication of DNA, and how it extended ... More


Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful

George McGhee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016421
eISBN:
9780262298872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016421.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Charles Darwin famously concluded On the Origin of Species with a vision of “endless forms most beautiful” continually evolving. More than 150 years later, many evolutionary biologists see not ... More


Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain

Angus McLaren

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226560694
eISBN:
9780226560717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560717.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Modernity in interwar Europe frequently took the form of a preoccupation with mechanizing the natural; fears and fantasies revolved around the notion that the boundaries between people and machines ... More


Living with Wolves and Dogs: Issues and Controversies

Raymond Pierotti and Brandy R. Fogg

in The First Domestication: How Wolves and Humans Coevolved

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300226164
eISBN:
9780300231670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226164.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines how many types of “dog,” including AKC (American Kennel Club) registered breeds, can be mistaken for wolves by people who have stereotypical ideas of what a wolf is, including ... More


Biodiversity Loss: An Injustice?

Anna Wienhues

in Ecological Justice and the Extinction Crisis: Giving Living Beings their Due

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529208511
eISBN:
9781529208559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529208511.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter investigates whether biodiversity loss is an injustice. Even though there is a fairly widely shared belief by conservation biologists and environmental ethicists that species extinctions ... More


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