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CO2 Exchanges between the Ocean and the Atmosphere

Matthieu Roy-Barman and Catherine Jeandel

in Marine Geochemistry: Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787495
eISBN:
9780191829604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787495.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The global carbon cycle is strongly controlled by the ocean because it is the largest carbon reservoir at the Earth surface and it absorbs 25% of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The net ... More


Zooplankton Biogeochemical Cycles

Deborah Steinberg

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The structure of planktonic communities profoundly affects particle export and sequestration of organic material (the biological pump) and the chemical cycling of nutrients. This chapter describes ... More


The Impact of Photosynthetic Work on Earth, Climate, and the Biosphere

Christina De La Rocha

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the photosynthesis as a work process. It demonstrates how inefficiency in the work process can be determined. It shows that the work of photosynthesis affected the work of the ... More


The Carbon Cycle

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chapter first shows carbon dioxide variability over long geological timescales. The current stocks and fluxes of carbon are then given, for the whole planet and for the atmosphere, ocean and land ... More


Microbial primary production and phototrophy

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the most important process in the biosphere – primary production – the turning of carbon dioxide into organic material by higher plants and algae. While higher plants dominate ... More


Microbial primary production and phototrophy

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter is focused on the most important process in the biosphere, primary production, the turning of carbon dioxide into organic material by higher plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. ... More


Past Changes in Ocean Carbonate Chemistry

Richard E. Zeebe and Andy Ridgwell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the period from 1750 to 2000, the oceans have absorbed about one-third of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by humans. As the CO2 dissolves in seawater, the oceans become more acidic and ... More


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