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Neurobiological Models: An Unnecessary Divide— Neural Models in Psychiatry

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at examples of biological approaches to understanding two mental disorders: schizophrenia and addiction. It shows that biological models in psychiatry depend on an implicit concept ... More


Psychiatric Models

Henry Szechtman and David Eilam

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0043
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of the conflicts associated with a rise of a biological psychiatry perspective on mental illness, suggesting that the current preeminence of this viewpoint has ... More


Choosing Cases in Biologic Psychiatry

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.20
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The previous chapter proposed that biologic studies comparing cases with controls often correspond well to the case-control design. This chapter shows how this perspective can be useful for advancing ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine, Biological Psychiatry, and the Role of Science in Medicine

Robyn Bluhm

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Both evidence-based medicine (EBM) and biological psychiatry aim to improve clinical practice by basing it more firmly on the results of scientific research. In this chapter, however, I show that ... More


Neuroimaging in Clinical Psychiatry

Martha J. Farah and Seth J. Gillihan

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Diagnoses in psychiatry are based entirely on behavioral, not biological, criteria: though a small number of practitioners use functional brain imaging as a diagnostic tool, most psychiatrists ... More


Introduction

Merton Sandler

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

It is hard to believe that only ten years have gone by since Peroutka and Snyder's breakthrough in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) receptor field. There were good precedents with ... More


Our Brains Are not Us

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops the idea that persons are constituted by their brains but are not identical to them. The brain is necessary but not sufficient to account for our mentality. By showing that ... More


Dissent and Resolution: The Triumph of Biological Psychiatry

Richard P. Bentall

in Doctoring the Mind: Is Our Current Treatment of Mental Illness Really Any Good?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791486
eISBN:
9780814739143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791486.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter looks at the biggest threat faced by psychiatry during the early 1970s: antipsychiatry. South African psychiatrist David Cooper coined the term antipsychiatry to express his objection to ... More


The Neuropsychiatrist

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this chapter, McCulloch’s identity as a neuropsychiatrist is situated in the context of an eclectic American psychiatry following the Second World War. It argues that McCulloch’s identity as a ... More


Cerebralizing Distress

Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

in Being Brains: Making the Cerebral Subject

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276073
eISBN:
9780823277100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The chapter explores the cerebralization of psychological distress. The psychopharmacological revolution took place in the 1950s. Later on, the nosological biologization of mental disorders received ... More


Blaming the brain

David Wastell and Sue White

in Blinded by Science: The Social Implications of Epigenetics and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447322337
eISBN:
9781447322351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322337.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines how biology has been brought to bear in understanding forms of behaviour variously known as madness, mental illness or developmental disorder, culminating in the current ... More


People or Plants?: The Myth that Psychiatric Diagnoses are Meaningful

Richard P. Bentall

in Doctoring the Mind: Is Our Current Treatment of Mental Illness Really Any Good?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791486
eISBN:
9780814739143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791486.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter initially presents the case of Andrew, a man with pre-existing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that was exacerbated by the bullying he received while serving in the army. Modern ... More


Epilogue: After the War: Adjusting to Socialism

Ana Antić

in Therapeutic Fascism: Experiencing the Violence of the Nazi New Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198784586
eISBN:
9780191827044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784586.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the development of Yugoslav and East European psychiatry in the early socialist period, and documents the ideological and political changes within the profession’s intellectual ... More


Change of Paradigm

Ana Antić

in Therapeutic Fascism: Experiencing the Violence of the Nazi New Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198784586
eISBN:
9780191827044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784586.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter traces the transformation of definitions of mental illness, normality, and human psychology, which occurred during World War II. The extreme and random anti-civilian violence of World ... More


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