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Dynamics of marine ecosystems: integration through models of physical-biological interactions

Brad de Young, Francisco E. Werner, Harold Batchelder, François Carlotti, Øyvind Fiksen, Eileen E. Hofmann, Suam Kim, Michio J. Kishi, and Hidekatsu Yamazaki

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies have greatly expanded our understanding of the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems, in particular demonstrating the importance of life history dynamics in determining the ... More


Introduction

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the emergence of a neuromolecular vision of the brain. This means a new scale at which the brain and nervous system was conceptualized, and a new way ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


Given Enough Time …

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines James Lovelock's assertion that the Earth's atmosphere is a biological construct that is distinctly different from any expected abiotic chemical equilibrium. This claim can be ... More


Summary

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This concluding chapter talks about how the Earth's climate is fundamental to the well-being of humanity, and any factor with the potential to affect that is obviously of concern. Thus, an ... More


Expression in Natural Speech

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter details some contributions of the results of biological and cognitive processing to natural speech. It presents the general concept of classifying basic and secondary emotions. A vector ... More


Are Humans Moral? The Problem of Sociobiology

Rosemary Rodd

in Biology, Ethics, and Animals

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240525
eISBN:
9780191680199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240525.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘Sociobiology’ was introduced by Wilson to denote the scientific study of ways in which the social behaviour of animals and humans is shaped by biological processes. Sociobiological literatures use ... More


Biological Processes: Criteria of Identity and Persistence

James DiFrisco

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates the identity and persistence conditions for processes as a task of biological process ontology. It argues that the problem of intrinsic variation in evolution, development, ... More


Undernutrition: Measurement and Implications

C. Gopalan

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the measurement of undernutrition in population groups. It describes the biological processes involved in the genesis and development of undernutrition and reviews the ... More


Protecting the Transnational Commons

Robert Dorfman

in The Economics of Transnational Commons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292203
eISBN:
9780191684883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292203.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter states that the problem of protecting the transnational commons is less a natural scientific problem of understanding the physical and biological processes that disrupt the environment, ... More


Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Alexander Rosenberg

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

After the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, scientists working in molecular biology embraced reductionism—the theory that all complex systems can be understood in terms of their components. ... More


Towards the ‘good life’: alternative visions of learning, love and life-itself

Peter Kraftl

in Geographies of alternative education: Diverse learning spaces for children and young people

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447300496
eISBN:
9781447310914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300496.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The argument of this chapter is that alternative learning spaces offer alternative versions and visions of life-itself. That is, they do not just proffer alternative approaches to education, but to ... More


Broadening the context of cognitive aging: A commentary

Peter Graf

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a commentary on Chapters 10–14. By situating cognitive aging in the broad context of health, physiological, and biological processes, the chapters in this section seem to ... More


General introduction

Jens Krause, Richard James, Daniel W. Franks, and Darren P. Croft

in Animal Social Networks

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199679041
eISBN:
9780191794094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679041.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A social network can be defined as any number of individuals interconnected via social ties between them (e.g. sexual, cooperative, etc.). Understanding social network structure is of great ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Stephen H. Schneider, James R. Miller, Eileen Crist, and Penelope J. Boston (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This is a multidisciplinary reexamination of the Gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s. The Gaia hypothesis holds that Earth’s physical and ... More


Habitat Heterogeneity and Maintenance of Species in Understory Communities

Susan W. Beatty

in The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837656
eISBN:
9780190267865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the effects of four factors in determining the species composition and richness of northeastern deciduous forest communities in the context of spatially and temporally ... More


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