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Neurophysiology of Action Recognition

Emily D. Grossman

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neural correlates of human action perception, specifically the perception of bodies and body movements. It also provides a brief discussion on the likely connection of this ... More


Events and Actions as Dynamically Molded Spatiotemporal Objects: A Critique of the Motor Theory of Biological Motion Perception

Geoffrey P. Bingham and Emily A. Wickelgren

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The motor theory of biological motion perception hypothesizes that motor commands (or records thereof) are used to recognize human event recognition, motor theory, biological motion perception ... More


Retrieving Information from Human Movement Patterns

Nikolaus F. Troje

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a computational framework used to retrieve stylistic information from visual human locomotion patterns over the past years. The algorithm was initially developed to identify ... More


The How, When, and Why of Configural Processing in the Perception of Human Movement

James C. Thompson

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While several different neural processes contribute to the perception of biological motion, the responsiveness of a key area, the human superior temporal sulcus (STS), to biological motion appears to ... More


Development of Biological Motion Processing in Normalcy and Pathology

Marina A. Pavlova

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Visual processing of biological motion by living organisms is crucial for adaptive social behavior and nonverbal communication. Investigations of how the perception of body motion operates in ... More


People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Kerri Johnson and Maggie Shiffrar (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human body has long been a rich source of inspiration for the arts, and artists have long recognized the body's special status. While the scientific study of body perception also has an important ... More


Sensory and Motor Brain Areas Supporting Biological Motion Perception:: Neuropsychological and Neuroimaging Studies

Ayse Pinar Saygin

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes recent research on biological motion perception using structural brain imaging and lesion-mapping techniques in brain-lesioned patients. It also explores how these findings ... More


Shape-Independent Processing of Biological Motion

Nikolaus F. Troje and Dorita H. F. Chang

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence from numerous studies of inversion effects and preattentive processing that converge in suggesting that the visual system exploits its sensitivity to gravity-defined ... More


What Does “Biological Motion” Really Mean?: Differentiating Visual Percepts of Human, Animal, and Nonbiological Motions

Arieta Chouchourelou, Alissa Golden,, and Maggie Shiffrar

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For several decades, vision researchers’ use of the term “biological motion” has been used to refer to different things, including the category of all animal movements, the category of all human ... More


Experience and the Perception of Biological Motion

Frank E. Pollick, Corinne Jola, Karin Petrini, Lawrie S. McKay, Phil McAleer, Seon Hee Jang, Christine MacLeod,, and David R. Simmons

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many discussions of biological motion perception involve a description of observers’ attunements for recognizing gender, emotion, action, and identity from point-light displays. This chapter ... More


Biological Motion and Multisensory Integration: The Role of the Superior Temporal Sulcus

Michael S. Beauchamp

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents evidence that the superior temporal sulcus(STS)is a critical brain area for processing biological motion. It also presents evidence showing the essential role of the STS in ... More


Are People Special? A Brain’s Eye View

Anthony P. Atkinson, Andrea S. Heberlein, and Ralph Adolphs

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers the question of what it means for social perception and cognition to be special, and whether there are psychological processes and neural structures that are specialized for ... More


How do we perceive and understand the actions of others

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

People identify others through the face, voice, posture, and gait. Even for those we do not know, bodies and actions are the source of a special class of visual stimuli which make people appear ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Biological Motion and Animacy

John A. Pyles and Emily D. Grossman

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuroimaging evidence that reveals several unique brain states associated with the recognition of agents engaged in biological motion. A key brain area, the human superior ... More


Evidence for Functional Specialization in the Human Superior Temporal Sulcus (STS): Consideration of Biological Motion Perception and Social Cognition

Emily D. Grossman

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The perception of human actions in point-light biological motion animations relies on the coordinated activity of brain regions in the occipital, parietal, and frontal cortex. This chapter discusses ... More


What Is Biological Motion? Definition, Stimuli, and Paradigms

Nikolaus F. Troje

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The study of biological motion perception was introduced into vision research some forty years ago by Swedish psychologist Gunnar Johansson. Since that time, questions and approaches surrounding this ... More


From Motion Cues to Social Perception: Innate Predispositions

Francesca Simion, Lara Bardi, Elena Mascalzoni, and Lucia Regolin

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The present chapter deals with the role of innate predispositions and experience in the origin of sensitivity to social agents, causal relations, and animacy. Experimental evidence will be reviewed ... More


Distinctions in the linguistic encoding of motion: evidence from a free naming task 1

Mila Vulchanova, Liliana Martinez, and Valentin Vulchanov

in Motion Encoding in Language and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661213
eISBN:
9780191745348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661213.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter presents and discusses the results of an exploratory free naming study of how biological motion is encoded in five languages: Bulgarian, Russian, English, Norwegian, and Italian. The ... More


Gunnar Johansson, Events, and Biological Motion

James E. Cutting

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1973, Gunnar Johansson launched the systematic study of the perception of the human body in motion. Merging his applied interests in traffic safety and his theoretical interests in vector analysis ... More


A Basic Level for the Encoding of Biological Motion

Mila Dimitrova-Vulchanova and Liliana Martinez

in The Construal of Spatial Meaning: Windows into Conceptual Space

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199641635
eISBN:
9780191760020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641635.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

In this chapter we address the conceptual domain of locomotion and report the results of an exploratory study demonstrating that speakers of English, Norwegian, and Bulgarian use what we here define ... More


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