Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: biological function x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

 Social Resources and Health

Michael Marmot

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the history of an interdisciplinary research program on the social, economic, cultural, and psychological determinants of health and the biological pathways by which they ... More


Darwinian Approaches

Hazlett Allan

in A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674800
eISBN:
9780191761164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674800.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Darwinian” approaches to epistemic normativity, which is explain epistemic normativity in terms of the biological function of belief, are articulated and criticized. A “biological” conception of ... More


Herbert Spencer and the Beginnings of Evolutionary Psychology

Rick Rylance

in Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Of all the shifts in psychological opinion in the period covered by this book, probably the most far-reaching was the remodeling of it in the light of evolutionary theories. The evolutionary paradigm ... More


Introduction: Nature and Function

Carolyn Price

in Functions in Mind: A Theory of Intentional Content

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242009
eISBN:
9780191696992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242009.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter explains the objective of this book, which is to offer a theory of intentional content and to provide an account of what it is meant when people say that a person is musing ... More


How Biological, Cultural, and Intended Functions Combine

Françoise Longy

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes the gap between biological and artifactual functions. It questions whether there is a conceptually clear distinction between both domains that needs to be bridged at all. It ... More


On Unification: Taking Technical Functions as Objective (and Biological Functions as Subjective)

Pieter E. Vermaas

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter focuses on another aspect that divides biological from artifactual functions. It describes how theories that analyze functions of technical artifacts in terms of beliefs of agents can be ... More


Contemporary Teleology: Patrick Forber

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in Teleology: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many contemporary thinkers see a challenge to teleology that accompanied Darwin’s proposal of modern evolutionary theory. This chapter articulates this challenge, and reviews the two primary ... More


Life and death

Michael Siegal

in Marvelous Minds: The discovery of what children know

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199582884
eISBN:
9780191702358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582884.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Life and death are matters that concern children at a very young age. The death of a loved one or a pet can be very disturbing. At some point, children inevitably need to confront the issue of the ... More


The Function of Disgust

Colin McGinn

in The Meaning of Disgust

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199829538
eISBN:
9780199919482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829538.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Aesthetics

It is by no means clear what the biological function of disgust might be. The Darwinian taste-toxicity theory runs into obvious trouble: disgust cannot be viewed simply as a ... More


A Systems‐Based Teleofunctional Theory of Consciousness

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A theory of the relation between phenomenal experience and body states is introduced that solves the puzzles discussed in Ch. 9. Using a systems‐based theory of teleofunctions (or biological ... More


Rewriting the Family

Gay Becker

in The Elusive Embryo: How Women and Men Approach New Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520224308
eISBN:
9780520925243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224308.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

People start out on the fertility journey wanting to be a normal family. Those who are faced with giving up the idea of a biological child are still concerned with being a normal family; indeed, they ... More


Oughts Without Intentions: A Kantian Approach to Biological Functions

Hannah Ginsborg

in The Normativity of Nature: Essays on Kant's Critique of Judgement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199547975
eISBN:
9780191789007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547975.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay applies Kant’s account of organisms as purposes to recent debates about the notion of function in biology. It claims that the notion of a function in both organisms and artefacts is simply ... More


Using Text Classification for Gene Function Annotation

Soumya Raychaudhuri

in Computational Text Analysis: for functional genomics and bioinformatics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198567400
eISBN:
9780191916700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198567400.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Recognizing specific biological concepts described in text is an important task that is receiving increasing attention in bioinformatics. To leverage the literature effectively, sophisticated data ... More


On the concept of mechanism in development

Johannes Jaeger and James Sharpe

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

Due to the finite number of dynamic behaviours that can be implemented by regulatory systems, it should be possible to enumerate and classify different developmental mechanisms that can achieve the ... More


Health, Naturalism, and Policy

Tim Lewens

in The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Any argument to substantiate the ethical salience of the distinction between being healthy and being diseased must consist of two steps. First, an account must be offered of how to draw the ... More


An Introduction to Text Analysis in Genomics

Soumya Raychaudhuri

in Computational Text Analysis: for functional genomics and bioinformatics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198567400
eISBN:
9780191916700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198567400.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The February 16th, 2001 issue of Science magazine announced the completion of the human genome project—making the entire nucleotide sequence of the genome available (Venter, Adams et al. 2001). For ... More


Foot Note

Tim Lewens

in The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

According to Philippa Foot, judgements of good or evil are the same in kind as judgements about the goodness or badness of the parts and behaviours of plants or animals. In both cases the judgements ... More


The Elusive Variability of Race

Patricia J. Williams

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter stipulates that race is not a “scientific” or biologically coherent category, emphasizing the notion that there is no allele for race. It considers race as a hierarchical social ... More


Grounding Attention in Action Control: The Intentional Control of Selection

Bernhard Hommel

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter challenges the assumption of attention functioning as a means of preventing consciousness from getting overloaded, and also challenges the assumption of any relationships between ... More


The Girl Who Can’t Feel Pain

Michael Tye

in Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190278014
eISBN:
9780190278045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

When is it rational to suppose that a creature is a zombie, that it has no inner life or experiences? Plausibly, Mother Nature gave humans the capacity to have experiences so that they could cope ... More


View: