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 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Vinod K. Wadhawan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A structure is an assembly that serves an engineering function. A smart structure is one that serves this function smartly, i.e., by responding adaptively in a pre-designed useful and efficient ... More


Modeling Social Learning and Culture

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a variety of approaches to modeling social learning, cultural evolution, and gene-culture coevolution. The model-building exercise typically starts with a set of assumptions ... More


Evolution and the Dynamics of Technological Change

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses at the dynamics of technological change. It specifically asks whether technological change occurs in leaps and bounds, or whether it takes place gradually and continuously. The ... More


The Dawn of Civilization

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the evolution of human civilization from nomadic hunter-gatherer societies to the advent of agriculture and its large-scale impacts on the world. It describes this history in ... More


From Biological Evolution to Social Evolution

Shiping Tang

in The Social Evolution of International Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199658336
eISBN:
9780191756054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658336.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes a more detailed discussion on what social evolution is as a phenomenon and as a paradigm developed elsewhere (Tang 2014-15). It also provides a brief critique of some of the ... More


Gene-Culture Coevolution

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evidence that our cultural activities have influenced our biological evolution, by drawing on a cocktail of theoretical and empirical findings. It begins by relating ... More


Mirror Worlds

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

SETI researchers portray intelligent alien life and civilization as mirror images of human life and modern industrial civilization. They assume that science, as we know it, is a universal form of ... More


Back

Jeffrey Burton Russell

in Paradise Mislaid: How We Lost Heaven and How We Can Regain It

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195334586
eISBN:
9780199851423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334586.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Paradise had always been a state of being to which one could look back, regain, as well as look forward to. Heaven was a return to the harmony and happiness enjoyed by humans before original sin. But ... More


Teleological Behaviorism and the Problem of Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Problems of self-control as well as social cooperation may be seen as conflicts not between internal spiritual or neurological entities, but between highly valued overt behavioral patterns of ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


The Interplay of Genetic and Cultural Factors in Ongoing Language Evolution

Stephen C. Levinson and Dan Dediu

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses recent advances in our understanding of the complex interplay between cultural and biological factors in language change and evolution. Three “myths” (the independence of ... More


The Evolution of Technological Knowledge: Reflections on Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process

Brian J. Loasby

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter analyses Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process, a book that explores the analogy between technical innovation and biological evolution, and whether such an analogy could be ... More


Chapter 8: The Emergence of Consciousness in Biological Evolution and Quantum Reality

Lothar Schäfer

in Teilhard and the Future of Humanity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226900
eISBN:
9780823237098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226900.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Pierre Teilhard de Chardin's view on the emergence of consciousness in biological evolution and quantum reality. There are three aspects of physical ... More


Historical Understanding of Life’s Beginnings

John Oró

in Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233904
eISBN:
9780520928701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233904.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses a number of physical and chemical creative processes in the history of the Universe that are relevant to the origin of life. These creative processes have continued from the ... More


Thermoeconomics: Beyond the Second Law

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the relevance of thermodynamics to biological evolution beyond the entropy law. It proposes the concept of thermoeconomics which is based on the proposition that the role of ... More


Cultural Evolution and Cultural Ecology

Robyn M. Holmes

in Cultural Psychology: Exploring Culture and Mind in Diverse Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199343805
eISBN:
9780197503089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199343805.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 explores cultural evolution, cultural ecology, and the ways environments shape the cultures that exist within them. It discusses whether only humans have culture, Darwin and natural ... More


The Evolutionary Basis for Animal Research

Stephen P. Schiffer

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter reports that there is clear public support for ethically guided animal research and seeks to articulate a scientific basis for this intuition using the theory of evolution. It states ... More


Stability and Instability in Ecological Systems: Gaia Theory and Evolutionary Biology

Francesco Santini and Lodovico Galleni

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0033
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the strong criticism received by the Gaia theory and geophysiology from neo-Darwinian evolutionary biologists. Given that until very recently evolutionary theory was dominated ... More


The Battles of Yesterday

Naomi Beck

in Hayek and the Evolution of Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556000
eISBN:
9780226556147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556147.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Hayek’s interest in evolutionary theorizing was motivated by a desire to justify a specific worldview rather than explain observable reality, or at the very least test the explanatory power of ... More


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