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The Fear of Determinism

Steven Pinker

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter confronts several fears that determinism engenders, such as the fear that deep down we are not in control of our own choices, and the fear that determinism makes it impossible to hold ... More


From Natural Science to Social Science: Race and the Language of Race Relations in Late Victorian and Edwardian Discourse

Douglas Lorimer

in Lineages of Empire: The Historical Roots of British Imperial Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264393
eISBN:
9780191734571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264393.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the emergence of modern racist ideology during the nineteenth century. It examines the role played by the Victorian anatomists and anthropologists who constructed ... More


Feminism and Evolutionary Psychology

Anne Campbell

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

For many feminists in the social sciences, evolutionary psychologists are still seen as the enemy. The disagreement is not about the desirability of social change, but about where the causes of ... More


On Homosexual Reproduction

Valerie Rohy

in Lost Causes: Narrative, Etiology, and Queer Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199340194
eISBN:
9780199397358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199340194.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Chapter 2 examines traces of evolutionary theory in recent right-wing rhetoric against gay marriage, which claims that same-sex marriages will lead to human extinction, and explains how this ... More


Beauty and the beast? Conceptualizing sex in evolutionary narratives

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Sex is probably the best example of stable biological variation within the human species. Scientists have tried to account for the origin of sex differences in biological terms using evolutionary ... More


The Puzzle Of Persistence

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter poses the problem of the persistence of gender inequality in the face of leveling forces in the contemporary United States. It proposes the use of gender as a primary cultural frame for ... More


Myth and Mystification: The Science of Race and IQ

Pilar N. Ossorio

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter analyzes hereditarian theories of intelligence and discusses the implications of the view that IQ testing by “race” shows how innate intelligence is distributed among population groups. ... More


Terroir and Nation Building: Boulainvilliers, Du Bos, and the Case of Class

Thomas Parker

in Tasting French Terroir: The History of an Idea

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520277502
eISBN:
9780520961333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277502.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 6 explains how several circumstances combined to bring terroir center stage when France’s bourgeoning concept of national unity was threatened by a debate early in the eighteenth century ... More


From Wimereux to the Republic: Individuals and Their Environment

Raf de Bont

in Stations in the Field: A History of Place-Based Animal Research, 1870-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226141879
eISBN:
9780226141909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226141909.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how the highly localized projects of field stations could reverberate in wider scientific and cultural circles. It takes Giard’s work in the station of Wimereux as a starting ... More


The Gender Controversy

Mari Mikkola

in The Wrong of Injustice: Dehumanization and its Role in Feminist Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190601072
eISBN:
9780190601119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190601072.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the so-called gender controversy that the book’s first part aims to overcome. In short: to refute biological determinism, feminists in the 1960s and 1970s argued that gender ... More


Interview with Richard Lewontin

Gwen D’Arcangelis, Beatriz da Costa, and Kavita Philip

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter presents an interview with Richard Lewontin, who answers questions concerning his personal background, science and politics, race, tracing ancestors, biological determinism, using ... More


Migration, U.S. Race Thinking, and Pan-American Anthropology

Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt

in Science and Politics of Race in Mexico and the United States, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636405
eISBN:
9781469636429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636405.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter explores US debates over immigration and race that took shape within new academic disciplines and new institutions, including the National Research Council and the Social Science ... More


Lost for Love

Helena Ifill

in Creating character: Theories of nature and nurture in Victorian sensation fiction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781784995133
eISBN:
9781526136275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995133.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Braddon depicts education as a means of cultivating character in her largely overlooked novel Lost for Love. The novel’s heroines, Flora Chamney and Louisa Gurner, find happiness because of their ... More


Introduction

Caryl Rivers and Rosalind C. Barnett

in The Truth About Girls and Boys: Challenging Toxic Stereotypes About Our Children

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151634
eISBN:
9780231525305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151634.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introductory chapter discusses how a new biological determinism is affecting American society, i.e. one that states scientific consensus that girls and boys are radically different from birth. ... More


Science of the Sexy Beast: Biological Masculinities and the Playboy Lifestyle

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Groovy Science: Knowledge, Innovation, and American Counterculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226372884
eISBN:
9780226373072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226373072.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When Hugh Hefner decided to financially back a filmic adaptation of Desmond Morris’s bestselling romp through human nature—The Naked Ape: A Zoologist’s Study of the Human Animal (1967)—he built on a ... More


Introduction

in Families and Social Workers: The Work of Family Service Units 1940–1985

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236566
eISBN:
9781846313127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236566.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Family Service Units (FSU), which exercised an influence on the development of social work practice and training out of all proportion to its size and resources, set itself within post-war welfare ... More


The Body as Relationship: Emotion, Pleasure, and Pain

Kenneth J. Gergen

in Relational Being: Beyond Self and Community

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199846269
eISBN:
9780190256302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199846269.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter considers the concepts of emotion, pleasure, pain, and the body itself. More specifically, it describes emotions, pleasure, and pain as natural denizens of the body within the context of ... More


From ‘Underman’ to ‘Underclass’

in Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239871
eISBN:
9781846312694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239871.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's influence on eugenics has recently reemerged as a subject of debate among scholars. In Germany, for example, the Karlsruhe philosopher Peter Sloterdijk has argued that a ... More


City Powd’ring: Materiality, Pedagogy, and Sexuality in Michaelmas Term

James M. Bromley

in Clothing and Queer Style in Early Modern English Drama

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198867821
eISBN:
9780191904516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867821.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines how Thomas Middleton’s Michaelmas Term positions the cloth trade as pivotal to the construction of sexuality and sexual relations in the city. Circulating with cloth in the play ... More


Theatre and Evolution from Ibsen to Beckett

Kirsten Shepherd-Barr

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164702
eISBN:
9780231538923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164702.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Evolutionary theory made its stage debut as early as the 1840s, reflecting a scientific advancement that was fast changing the world. Tracing this development in dozens of mainstream European and ... More


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