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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Biological Control in Support of Conservation: Friend or Foe?

Mark S. Hoddle

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the application of biological control in support of conservation programs. It first examines the history, theory, application, benefits, and risks of biological control. It ... More


THE TOOLS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter gives a history of organic farming and the biological technologies that organic farmers rely upon. Based on present trends, consumer demand and organic-based research are likely to ... More


Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

David Wainhouse

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book aims to provide a critical appraisal of the theory and practice of key methods of forest pest management. The appropriate application of these ‘ecological methods’ in the development of ... More


Conservation and management

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the more applied aspects of the Allee effect. It starts by considering the role and impact of Allee effects in the conservation of rare and endangered populations, including ... More


Biological control

David Wainhouse

in Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Biocontrol can be a useful tool in forest pest management. Using insect predators, parasitoids and disease-causing pathogens as examples, this chapter discusses the different methods of biocontrol. ... More


The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasels are the most common and the least known of the world's carnivores. In predatory power they rival any of the big cats; indeed, gram for gram they are much stronger than any lion. But they are ... More


Tipping the Balance in the Restoration of Native Plants: Experimental Approaches to Changing the Exotic:Native Ratio in California Grassland

Jeffrey D. Corbin, Carla M. D’Antonio, and Susan J. Bainbridge

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter evaluates the efficiency of experimental techniques in reducing invasive plant species in California grassland ecosystems. It discusses native plant restoration approaches, focusing on ... More


Significance in Natural and Human Communities

Jerry A. Powell and Paul A. Opler

in Moths of Western North America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251977
eISBN:
9780520943773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251977.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the major role of Lepidoptera populations in natural and human communities. Lepidoptera larvae damage agricultural crops and are a major problem in stored meal, grain, nuts, ... More


Bring on the Beetles!: The History and Impact of Tamarisk Biological Control

Dan Bean, Tom Dudley, and Kevin Hultine

in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the history and impact of tamarisk biological control in the form of defoliation by Diorhabda spp. leaf beetles. The beetles have become controversial despite their ... More


Biological Invasions in the National Parks and in Park Science

Daniel Simberloff

in Science, Conservation, and National Parks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226422954
eISBN:
9780226423142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In its early history, the US National Park Service (NPS) had no policy on nonnative species, and even introduced nonnative fishes for sport fishing and plants for landscaping. By the 1920s, ... More


Human Attiudes to Weasels in Their Native Environments

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The traditional view of weasels as ruthless predators capable of holding down the numbers of pest rodents tends to underestimate the rate at which pest populations can replace the individuals killed. ... More


Does Enemy Release Contribute to the Success of Invasive Species? A Review of the Enemy Release Hypothesis

Kirsten M. Prior and Jessica J. Hellmann

in Invasive Species in a Globalized World: Ecological, Social, and Legal Perspectives on Policy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226166049
eISBN:
9780226166216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226166216.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Once established, some introduced species experience increased fitness or demographic rates in their introduced range compared to their native range. The phenomenon of species becoming invasive as a ... More


Ant-Plant Interactions in Agriculture

Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira

in The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226713472
eISBN:
9780226713540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226713540.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Data obtained from studies of various topics in ant–plant interactions could potentially be applied in insect pest management programs of agricultural systems. Ants possess many characteristics that ... More


Overview

Pamela J. Mueller

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter demonstrates the use of experimental approaches to control or eliminate exotic and invasive species. It provides an overview of case studies that employ traditional techniques of ... More


Biological Control Strategies

Patricia J. Vittum

in Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501747953
eISBN:
9781501747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter assesses biological control strategies that can reduce turfgrass insect pest populations. Biological control refers to the suppression of pest populations through the activity of living ... More


How Gradual Interference and Ratio Dependence Emerge

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on mechanistic theoretical approaches to explain the emergence of ratio dependence at a global scale from various behavioral models of species interaction. It explains how ... More


Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Anna Sher and Martin F. Quigley (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Few plant species have had as much combined scientific, public, and political attention as exotic Tamarix spp. (tamarisk, saltcedar), attracting the public eye in the early 2000s when widespread ... More


Ecological control of schistosomiasis in Sub-Saharan Africa: restoration of predator-prey dynamics to reduce transmission

Isabel Jones, Andrea Lund, Gilles Riveau, Nicolas Jouanard, Raphael A. Ndione, Susanne H. Sokolow, and Giulio A. De Leo

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human modification of the landscape can increase the transmission of schistosomiasis, a snail-borne parasitic infection prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa. The construction of dams and irrigation ... More


The Black Soldier Fly: An Indigenous Innovation for Waste Management in Guangzhou

Amy Zhang

in Can Science and Technology Save China?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501747021
eISBN:
9781501747045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747021.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter follows Dr. Wu in his work to devise a solution for organic waste treatment using insects. By examining the tension between China's urban development and the sustainable treatment of ... More


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