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Biogeochemical processes in high-latitude lakes and rivers

W. Berry Lyons and Jacques C. Finlay

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Polar aquatic ecosystems are excellent laboratories for biogeochemical research. The polar regions are among the least modified by human activities, so there are opportunities to study biogeochemical ... More


Nutrient cycling as an emergent property

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Arguments based on both in vitro and in silico models suggest that biogeochemical cycles will readily evolve on planets with life, along with many of the putative fundamental processes described in ... More


Mercury in the Marine Environment

Frank J. Black, Christopher H. Conaway, and A. Russell Flegal

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The study of mercury in marine ecosystems is necessary to understand and minimize the chronic, sublethal toxicity due to exposure to organomercury in the marine environment and resources. The ... More


Incorporating plankton respiration in models of aquatic ecosystem function

Kevin J. Flynn

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers the needs, ways, and means to describe respiratory activities within ordinary differential equation based dynamic models of planktonic organisms. An overview of the ... More


Chemical Biomarker Applications to Ecology and Paleoecology

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a brief historical account of the success and limitations of using chemical biomarkers in aquatic ecosystems. It also introduces the general concepts of chemical biomarkers as ... More


Ecological hypercycles—covering a planet with life

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecological hypercycles are auto-catalytic processes by which different organisms (or guilds) improve each others environments. For example, autotrophs producing material of use to decomposers and the ... More


Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Han Dolman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book describes the interaction of the main biogeochemical cycles of the Earth and the physics of climate. It takes the perspective of Earth as an integrated system and provides examples of both ... More


Introduction

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses the fundamental aspects of biogeochemical cycles and their interactions with climate. It describes the context of the Earth system, from the geological cycles to the current ... More


Zooplankton Biogeochemical Cycles

Deborah Steinberg

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The structure of planktonic communities profoundly affects particle export and sequestration of organic material (the biological pump) and the chemical cycling of nutrients. This chapter describes ... More


Phytoplankton Biogeochemical Cycles

Carol Robinson

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes how the activity of phytoplankton, bacteria, and Archaea drive the marine biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, and how climate driven changes in plankton ... More


The Big Solutions: Climate Change, Resource Cycles, and Diet

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Agrifood systems divert resources from biogeochemical cycles (e.g., carbon and nitrogen cycles) to produce food, with major negative effects, including global warming. Global warming is changing ... More


Land–Water Interactions

George W. Kling, Heather E. Adams, Neil D. Bettez, William B. Bowden, Byron C. Crump, Anne E. Giblin, Kristin E. Judd, Katy Keller, George W. Kipphut, Edward R. Rastetter, Gaius R. Shaver, and Marc Stieglitz

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the various land-water interactions research carried out at Toolik Lake. It looks into the production and chemical transformation of materials in terrestrial environments and ... More


Agricultural Nutrient Use and Its Environmental Consequences

Peter M. Vitousek and Pamela A. Matson

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Industrial fertilizers will be used extensively for the foreseeable future as many countries seek to increase yields on their more productive agricultural lands. At the same time, industrial ... More


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