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Colouring the Flower

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

One of the most obvious ways in which flowers differ from one another is in their colour. This colour is usually the result of pigment deposition in the petals, but in some species brightly coloured ... More


Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Haruo Sugi (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Despite extensive physiological, biochemical, and structural studies, the mechanisms of muscle contraction operating in living muscle fibres are still not clearly understood. This book aims to ... More


Respiration in aquatic ecosystems: history and background

Peter J. le B. Williams and Paul A. del Giorgio

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter presents a general historical, biochemical, and ecological background to the topics covered in this book, and sets the following chapters in a broad context. The various ... More


Real effects of learning?

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The finding in Chapter 2 that biochemical changes are associated with imprinting supports the view that learning involves changes in neural connectivity. However, biochemical changes may be caused by ... More


Catalysts

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

A specific kind of chemical reaction, biochemical reactions involving catalysts, inspired the model of membrane systems, called P systems with catalysts, are considered in this chapter. Some of these ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


The Main Classes of NPs—Only a Few Pathways Lead to the Majority of NPs

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the biochemical pathways to Natural Products (NPs). About 60% of the known NP diversity comes from one ancient pathway (the isoprenoids or terpenoids), another 30% comes from ... More


Anoxic/ischemic injury in axons

PETER K. STYS, BRUCE R. RANSOM, JOEL A. BLACK, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Nerve fibers in both the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system must maintain adequate membrane polarization and transmembrane ion gradients to sustain action potential propagation and ... More


Biological networks: A discussion of various networks of interest in biology, including biochemical networks, neural networks, and ecological networks

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Networks are widely used in many branches of biology as a convenient representation of patterns of interaction between appropriate biological elements. Molecular biologists, for example, use networks ... More


Neurospora

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses studies on Neurospora, the first microbe to establish a homestead in the analysis of gene action. Topics covered include the discovery of Neurospora, the development of ... More


The Biochemical Case for Intelligent Design

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The subject of this chapter is irreducible biochemical complexity, which, according to Michael Behe amongst others, is not susceptible to explanation in evolutionary terms, because the removal of any ... More


Nutritional Epidemiology

Walter C. Willett

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is intended to increase understanding of the complex relationships between diet and the major diseases of western civilization, such as cancer and atherosclerosis. The book starts with an ... More


Computing with Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews techniques and algorithms for computing with artificial chemistries in silico, that is, using conventional computers. We start with some principles of implementation of chemical ... More


Measurements in the human body or its products

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Measurements made directly on the human body or on samples of blood, urine, or other products are in principle ideal to measure exposures. They can be objective, individualized, quantitatively ... More


Biochemical Indicators of Dietary Intake

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the utility of biochemical indicators to represent the dietary intakes of specific nutrients in epidemiologic studies. It first discusses some general principles of the ... More


Hemoglobin: Insights into protein structure, function, and evolution

Jay F. Storz

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198810681
eISBN:
9780191847929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810681.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The aims of this book are to provide a synthesis of our current understanding of hemoglobin structure, function, and evolution, and to illustrate how research on this paradigmatic protein has ... More


Biochemical compartmentalization in dendrites

Fritjof Helmchen

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites have both electrical and biochemical characters, which are closely linked. This chapter discusses dendrites as compartments for chemical signals such as concentration changes of ions or ... More


The inside story: subcellular mechanisms of neuromodulation

Elizabeth A. Jonas and Leonard K. Kaczmarek

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The processes within a neuron that are subject to modulation include changes in amplitude or kinetics of the ion channels, the insertion or removal of ion channel proteins from the membrane, changes ... More


Monoamines, glucose metabolism, and impulse control

Markku Linnoila and Matti Virkkunen

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many animal and human studies have explored biochemical concomitants of aggressive and self-destructive behaviours. A small number of these studies have used pharmacological manipulations to provoke ... More


Stages of memory formation in the chick: findings and problems

M. R. Rosenzweig, E. L. Bennett, J. L. Martinez, D. Beniston, P. J. Colombo, D. W. Lee, T. A. Patterson, G. Schulteis, and P. A. Serrano

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents evidence for multiple stages in memory formation in the chick, state dependency as an alternative to amnesic effects, participation of different regions of the chick brain in ... More


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