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Big Science and “Big Science Studies” in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

Elena Aronova

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Big Science’ as a notion was coined in 1960 by physicist Alvin Weinberg and physicist-turned-historian Derek de Solla Price, and immediately became the center of heated discussions in the U.S. ... More


Big Science and the Transits of Venus: The First Race to Space

Lilach Gilady

in The Price of Prestige: Conspicuous Consumption in International Relations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226433202
eISBN:
9780226433349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226433349.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the connection between extravagant state-funded scientific megaprojects—known as Big Science—and international prestige by focusing on the Transits of Venus (TOVs). It first ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


Washington and the World, 1989–92

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

in Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Recognizing that US taxpayers would not cover the entire SSC cost, the Bush Administration began trying to internationalize the laboratory by seeking large foreign contributions. But the only serious ... More


Germany: Academic Golden Age

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The unification of Germany in 1871 left universities under the control of individual states, but they had common national characteristics, and Prussian influence was strong. Expansion of university ... More


Fighting Each Other:: The N-1, Soviet Big Science, and the Cold War at Home

Asif Siddiqi

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Making use of newly available archival sources, this paper revisits a poorly understood episode in postwar Soviet science: the development of the N-1 super rocket designed to take Soviet cosmonauts ... More


Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Max Boisot, Markus Nordberg, Saïd Yami, and Bertrand Nicquevert (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

After twenty-five years of preparation, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Geneva, is finally running its intensive scientific experiments into high-energy particle physics. These experiments, which ... More


“Quo Vadimus?”: Human Biology and Human Destiny

Nikolai Krementsov

in Revolutionary Experiments: The Quest for Immortality in Bolshevik Science and Fiction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199992980
eISBN:
9780199370016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199992980.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illuminates the place of biomedical sciences in the culture and society of 1920s Russia. It investigates the role that the new knowledge of human biology played in answering the “big” ... More


Knowledge in Big Science

Agustí Canals

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

In this chapter we review some of the ideas Max Boisot developed about the organizational and strategic aspects of big science projects and their application to the understanding of big science ... More


Leadership in the ATLAS Collaboration

Shantha Liyanage and Max Boisot

in Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the ATLAS Collaboration from a leadership perspective. It first looks at how leadership in general may be conceptualized and then at how the concepts play out in the realm of ... More


Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The October 1993 termination of the Superconducting Super Collider by Congress was a stunning blow for the US high-energy physics community — and a watershed event in the history of Big Science. ... More


ATLAS as Collective Strategy

Saïd Yami, Markus Nordberg, Bertrand Nicquevert, and Max Boisot

in Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

This chapter focuses on the inter- and intraorganizational dynamics that characterizes Big Science. It shows, first, that the high stakes associated with a unique, next-generation particle physics ... More


Recovering “Peripheral” History: Genealogy of MRI Research in India

Amit Prasad

in Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026956
eISBN:
9780262322065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026956.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The hierarchical and exclusionary characteristics of science impact not only different facets of technoscientific research, development, and deployment, but also their historiography. Because, for ... More


Three Cultures of MRI: Local Practices and Global Designs

Amit Prasad

in Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026956
eISBN:
9780262322065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026956.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Chapter 5 – the last chapter – explores a particular technocultural dominant in each of the three nations studied, arguing that, to better understand the contextual characteristics of a culture, we ... More


New Management Research Models: Lessons from the ATLAS Adhocracy

Timo J. Santalainen, Markus Nordberg, Ram B. Baliga, and Max Boisot

in Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

This chapter sets the scene for the chapters that follow. It describes a series of workshops in which the ATLAS Collaboration was explored with the collaboration's project leaders from a managerial ... More


The Concept of an ATLAS Architecture

Philipp Tuertscher, Raghu Garud, Markus Nordberg, and Max Boisot

in Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

The collective effort required to develop, build, and run the ATLAS detector has been structured as a ‘collaboration’, a distributed problem-solving network characteristic of Big Science, itself a ... More


Translating a Dream into Reality: Birth of MRI and Genesis of a “Big Science”

Amit Prasad

in Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026956
eISBN:
9780262322065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026956.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Celebration of MRI as “the ultimate imaging technique” is today neither uncommon nor unwarranted. But, in the 1970s, scientists and nonscientists alike were unsure whether it could ever be developed. ... More


Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

John Child and Martin Ihrig (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This book is about knowledge, which is the wellspring of progress and the major competitive factor in business today. It brings together and commemorates the contributions that Max Boisot made to our ... More


Boisot and the God Particle

Marzio Nessi

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

In a very personal reflective essay, Marzio Nessi, the technical coordinator of the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN, recounts Max Boisot’s work and interaction with the particle physics community at ... More


Lem's Master's Voice

Eugene Halton

in The Great Brain Suck: And Other American Epiphanies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314655
eISBN:
9780226314679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314679.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In his novel His Master's Voice, Polish writer Stanislaw Lem poses perplexing questions about the nature of science, life, communication, and cosmology, and most especially about the strange and ... More


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