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The creation and use of big administrative data

Harvey Goldstein and Ruth Gilbert

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

his chapter addresses data linkage which is key to using big administrative datasets to improve efficient and equitable services and policies. These benefits need to weigh against potential harms, ... More


‘Big data’ and policy learning

Patrick Dunleavy

in Evidence-Based Policy Making in the Social Sciences: Methods That Matter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447329367
eISBN:
9781447329480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329367.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores how the revolutionary capacity of analysing Big Data to understand human behaviour is only just beginning to be exploited by social science, and it opens new opportunities for ... More


False Positives: Opportunities and Dangers in Big-Data Text Analysis1

Geoffrey Rockwell and Stéfan Sinclair

in Hermeneutica: Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034357
eISBN:
9780262332064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034357.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

What is big data, and what does it have to do with the humanities? The Snowden revelations have drawn attention to the opportunities and dangers to the gathering of large collections of data, ... More


The Information Sharing Crisis that Does Not Go Away

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter illustrates the severity of public sector information sharing failures with five tragic events where information sharing failure was decisive: the Challenger Space Shuttle explosion; the ... More


From policy analysis to policy analytics

Justin Longo and Kathleen McNutt

in Policy Analysis in Canada

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447334910
eISBN:
9781447334934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334910.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Policy analysis relies on data collected at discrete intervals along the policy cycle, from problem identification through evaluation. Policy analytics, in contrast, represents the combination of ... More


From Big Data to Big Profits: Success with Data and Analytics

Russell Walker

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199378326
eISBN:
9780199378340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378326.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book examines the technological, operational, and market transformations underway that are driving how Big Data is perceived and monetized in the post-Internet era. The digitization of business ... More


What is “Big Data”?

Russell Walker

in From Big Data to Big Profits: Success with Data and Analytics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199378326
eISBN:
9780199378340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378326.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter introduces Big Data from several dimensions: the rate of data creation by digital processes, the impact of increased data collection, storage and processing, and paradigm shifts in the ... More


Getting Started—SIGMA Framework for Implementing a Big Data Strategy: From Big Data to Big Profits

Russell Walker

in From Big Data to Big Profits: Success with Data and Analytics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199378326
eISBN:
9780199378340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378326.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This final chapter of the book introduces the SIGMA framework for evaluating a firm’s readiness to leverage Big Data to create big profits. The chapter elaborates on the sources of data, innovation, ... More


Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Jeff Evans, Sally Ruane, and Humphrey Southall (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Statistical data and evidence-based claims are increasingly central to our everyday lives. Critically examining ‘Big Data’, this book charts the recent explosion in sources of data, including those ... More


Information Quality

Luciano Floridi

in The Logic of Information: A Theory of Philosophy as Conceptual Design

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833635
eISBN:
9780191872068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833635.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Knowledge, as a non-natural construction, may be based on our ability to hack the data coming from the world. Two questions now become pressing. The first, addressed in this chapter, concerns the ... More


Handling Big Data

John E. Kelly and Steve Hamm

in Smart Machines: IBM's Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168564
eISBN:
9780231537278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168564.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter looks at the new approach that computers will need for managing and analyzing data. Today, a new force emerges in society and business: big data. Organizations and individuals are faced ... More


Researching Life in the Digital Age

Sabina Leonelli

in Data-Centric Biology: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226416335
eISBN:
9780226416502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226416502.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 6, which is targeted at anyone interested specifically in the life sciences, examines the implications of my analysis of data-centric science for biology as a discipline and for the knowledge ... More


Capturing the bigger picture with big data: opportunities for fatherhood researchers

Esther Dermott

in Fathers, Families and Relationships: Researching everyday lives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447331476
eISBN:
9781447331490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331476.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter talks about the challenges and value of engaging with ‘big data’ for fatherhood researchers. It argues that the arrival of new forms of data presents genuinely exciting possibilities for ... More


Introduction: Policing Our Digital Traces

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This introductory chapter provides a definition of big data as well as an overview of the use of big data in policing. Big data is a data environment made possible by the mass digitization of ... More


Conclusion: Big Data as Social

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This concluding chapter reflects on the major lessons learned from this book. The Los Angeles Police Department’s continued use of big data policing underscores the primary argument running through ... More


Medical Privacy and Big Data: A Further Reason in Favour of Public Universal Health-Care Coverage

Carissa Véliz

in Philosophical Foundations of Medical Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198796558
eISBN:
9780191837814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796558.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the challenge that big data brings to medical privacy. Big data promises to significantly enhance the power of medicine to diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases. With this ... More


Identification Infrastructures and the Capitalization of Data in the Development of Data-Driven Regulation: The Case of the Global Legal Entity Identifier System

Yuval Millo, Nikiforos Panourgias, and Markos Zachariadis

in Combating Fiscal Fraud and Empowering Regulators: Bringing tax money back into the COFFERS

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198854722
eISBN:
9780191888922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854722.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses the establishment of a global identification infrastructure to improve the regulation of financial markets. The Global Legal Entity Identifier System (GLEIS), was developed to ... More


It’s All in the Big Data: Data, Big Data, and the Grounded Theory Method

Antony Bryant

in Grounded Theory and Grounded Theorizing: Pragmatism in Research Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199922604
eISBN:
9780190652548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922604.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Clarification of ideas around Big Data and the ways in which a clear understanding of GTM offers a sound basis for insightful use of Big Data. Anderson’s challenge – the 21st century version of naïve ... More


Big Data: Towards a More Scientific Social Science and Humanities?

Ralph Schroeder

in Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661992
eISBN:
9780191782671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661992.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The Internet and Web have been changing the ways in which academics do their work, such as by providing new ways of gathering information and producing knowledge in the social sciences and humanities ... More


Coding Inequality: How the Use of Big Data Reduces, Obscures, and Amplifies Inequalities

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter looks at the promise and peril of police use of big data analytics for inequality. On the one hand, big data analytics may be a means by which to ameliorate persistent inequalities in ... More


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