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The Hot Big Bang

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the emergence and development of the Big Bang theory of the universe, from the mid 1940s to the late 1970s. George Gamow, a main figure in this development, developed an early ... More


Absolute space?

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Radio astronomy, as first applied by Penzias and Wilson, showed that all space is permeated by a low level of radiation. This is left over from the big bang at the beginning of the universe and is a ... More


The Uncaused Beginning of the Universe

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues that there is sufficient evidence at present to warrant the conclusion that the universe probably began to exist over 10 billion years ago and that it began to exist without being ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


Bangs, Bubbles, and Branes: Atomists Versus Stoics, Take Two

Mary-Jane Rubenstein

in Worlds Without End: The Many Lives of the Multiverse

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156622
eISBN:
9780231527422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156622.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the development of the Big Bang theory and its impact on subsequent cosmological theories. The twentieth century began with the notion of a single, static, infinite world; but ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


(Re)circulating popular television: Audience engagement and corporate practices

Monika Bednarek

in Style, Mediation, and Change: Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Talking Media

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190629489
eISBN:
9780190629519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190629489.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines processes whereby both international media conglomerates and transnational fans (re)circulate television series, whether for commercial gain or the negotiation of identity and ... More


Salvation in Counselling and Comedy

Clive Marsh

in A Cultural Theology of Salvation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811015
eISBN:
9780191848056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811015.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter scrutinizes the many ways in which positive psychology contributes to therapeutic understandings of salvation. Building on attention to the way in which the work of Martin Seligman has ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of the Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion series. As with the first two volumes, these essays follow the tradition of providing a non-sectarian and non-partisan ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


Creatio ex Nihilo

Samuel Lebens

in The Principles of Judaism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198843252
eISBN:
9780191879098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843252.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the medieval debate about the nature of creation. It compares and contrasts arguments of three major schools. The first school suggests that the universe had no start, and that ... More


Introduction

Stephen Scully

in Hesiod’s Theogony: from Near Eastern Creation Myths to Paradise Lost

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190253967
eISBN:
9780190253981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190253967.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Introduction considers Hesiod’s Theogony in light of two modern creation stories. In the first instance, it compares it to the Big Bang theory; in the second to Freud’s “scientific myth” ... More


Social Algebras

Judith Roof

in What Gender Is, What Gender Does

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816698578
eISBN:
9781452954387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698578.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter concentrates on social genders—the everyday regime of masculinity and femininity—as a regime produced through their quadratic inter-relation. Subject texts include Absolutely Fabulous, ... More


Cosmology and the Arrow of Time

Roger Penrose and Martin Gardner

in The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and The Laws of Physics

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198519737
eISBN:
9780191917080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198519737.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

Central to our feelings of awareness is the sensation of the progression of time. We seem to be moving ever forward, from a definite past into an uncertain future. The ... More


The Classical World

Roger Penrose and Martin Gardner

in The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and The Laws of Physics

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198519737
eISBN:
9780191917080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198519737.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

What need we know of the workings of Nature in order to appreciate how consciousness may be part of it? Does it really matter what are the laws that govern the ... More


What Comes Next?

Ronald F. Inglehart

in Religion's Sudden Decline: What's Causing it, and What Comes Next?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197547045
eISBN:
9780197547083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547045.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Rapid cultural change, exacerbated by economic distress, has triggered a powerful authoritarian reflex. Whether this is the wave of the future depends on how we learn to cope with the ... More


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