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On Accountability and Institutional Design

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Considers the theory and practices of ‘accountability’ that are associated with liberal constitutionalism, democracy, and especially contemporary democratization. Once again, it adopts a broad ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Necker and Aristocratic Constitutionalism: The British Connection*

Nigel Aston

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Jacques Necker progressively advocated political values for the French monarchy that were broadly in line with those operative within a British constitutional nexus. He came to see the value of a ... More


The Congressional Endgame: Interchamber Bargaining and Compromise

Josh M. Ryan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226582061
eISBN:
9780226582375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226582375.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In bicameral legislatures like Congress, the two chambers must reach agreement before a bill is enacted into law, a process that is often chaotic and contentious. In The Congressional End Game: ... More


V7. Unicameralism–Bicameralism

Matthew Flinders

in Democratic Drift: Majoritarian Modification and Democratic Anomie in the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199271597
eISBN:
9780191709234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271597.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Reform of the House of Lords provides critical insights not just into the nature of New Labour's statecraft but also into the challenges of constitutional political analysis. This examines empirical ... More


Party leaders in different contexts: the role of political institutions

Amanda Bittner

in Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595365
eISBN:
9780191725593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595365.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter assesses the extent to which political institutions may mediate the impact of leaders' traits. There is variation in political context across the elections included in this study, ... More


Law‐Making

P. R. Cavill

in The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199573837
eISBN:
9780191721878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573837.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 5 analyses the development of new laws and their passage through parliament. It first discusses bicameralism, bill procedure, in turn addressing the drafting of proposals, the introducing of ... More


The Radical Moderates of 1789: The Tragic Middle of the French Monarchiens

Aurelian Craiutu

in A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146768
eISBN:
9781400842421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146768.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the meanings of moderation during the initial phase of the French Revolution by focusing on the ideas of Jean-Joseph Mounier, Stanislas de Clermont-Tonnerre, Trophimé-Gérard ... More


Does Bicameralism Work in the Modern Congress?

Josh M. Ryan

in The Congressional Endgame: Interchamber Bargaining and Compromise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226582061
eISBN:
9780226582375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226582375.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Framers designed a bicameral Congress to prevent legislative overreach and ensure compromise. More than two hundred years later, strong parties and intransigent policy problems have led to some ... More


Postpassage Resolution in Historical and Contemporary Context: Process, Procedures, and Controversies

Josh M. Ryan

in The Congressional Endgame: Interchamber Bargaining and Compromise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226582061
eISBN:
9780226582375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226582375.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Though many of the world's legislatures are bicameral in nature, the ways in which they change legislation is not well understood. This chapter begins with a review of the expected effects of ... More


Second Chambers Worldwide

Meg Russell

in Reforming the House of Lords: Lessons from Overseas

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298311
eISBN:
9780191685408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298311.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Two chamber — or ‘bicameral’ — parliaments are relatively common around the world. They are particularly widespread among the larger Western democracies, and particularly among federal states. ... More


The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Thomas F. Remington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

From the first free elections in post-Soviet Russia in 1989 to the end of the Yeltsin period in 1999, Russia's parliament was the site of great political upheavals. Conflicts between communists and ... More


Political Representation and Parliamentary Power

Thomas F. Remington

in The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book examines the emergence of Russia's parliament between 1989 and 1999, a period that can be divided into three phases. The first phase began in 1989, when a new legislative structure designed ... More


The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Meg Russell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199671564
eISBN:
9780191751776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671564.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This book is the first major study of the House of Lords since the reform in 1999 by Tony Blair's Labour government which removed most hereditary peers. It describes the membership of the chamber, ... More


Conclusions: The House of Lords, British Politics and Legislative Bicameralism

Meg Russell

in The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199671564
eISBN:
9780191751776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671564.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter summarises what has been learned in the book, returning to the six key questions that were posed in chapter 1. It suggests that today’s House of Lords is very different to its ... More


Bicameralism in Theory and Comparative Perspective

Meg Russell

in The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199671564
eISBN:
9780191751776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671564.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter provides a broad survey of bicameralism (i.e. two-chamber legislatures) in constitutions around the world. It briefly discusses the history and justification of bicameralism, then ... More


Framed: America's 51 Constitutions and the Crisis of Governance

Sanford Levinson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890750
eISBN:
9780190260088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890750.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

In Our Undemocratic Constitution, Sanford Levinson boldly argued that the U.S. Constitution should not be treated with “sanctimonious reverence,” but as a badly flawed document deserving revision. ... More


Parliamentarism and the Legislative Branch

András Sajó and Renáta Uitz

in The Constitution of Freedom: An Introduction to Legal Constitutionalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198732174
eISBN:
9780191796524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732174.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the relationship between parliamentarism and the legislative branch. It explores the evolution of the legislative branch, leading to disillusionment with the rationalized ... More


Post-Communist Institutional Design: Electoral Systems, Parliaments, and Presidents

Csaba Nikolenyi

in Institutional Design and Party Government in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199675302
eISBN:
9780191755323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675302.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows that while all ten post-communist democracies adopted parliamentary systems of government, the degree to which political power is concentrated in their parliaments, more precisely ... More


The Institutional Sources of Minority Governments

Csaba Nikolenyi

in Institutional Design and Party Government in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199675302
eISBN:
9780191755323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675302.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why is it the case that some post-communist democracies never witness the formation of a minority government after a general election (e.g. Estonia or Hungary) while in other cases such an outcome is ... More


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