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Handbook of Jewish Literature from Late Antiquity, 135–700 CE

Eyal Ben-Eliyahu, Yehudah Cohn, and Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265222
eISBN:
9780191771873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265222.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

From major seminal works such as the Mishnah or the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds, to Biblical commentaries, translations of Biblical books into Aramaic or relatively little-known mystical, ... More


Intellectual Interests

Teresa Webber

in Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075–c. 1125

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203087
eISBN:
9780191675706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203087.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the intellectual interest of the contents of Salisbury Cathedral's collection of books. The findings suggest that the number of biblical commentaries in the Salisbury collection ... More


Rashbam as a “Literary” Exegete

Martin Lockshin

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Rabbi Samuel ben Meir (Rashbam), who lived in northern France in the 12th century, was a consistent and perhaps radical exponent of peshat exegesis. He insisted on reading the biblical text in its ... More


Two (Or More) Kinds of Scripture Scholarship

Alvin Plantinga

in Warranted Christian Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131932
eISBN:
9780199867486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131932.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Continuing an examination of proposed defeaters for Christian belief, I turn in this chapter to some of the issues raised by contemporary historical biblical criticism, arguing that contemporary ... More


The Letter of the Law: Carolingian Exegetes and the Old Testament

Abigail Firey

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The favored authorities of Carolingian intellectuals—Augustine, Gregory, Jerome, Ambrose—left no works dedicated specifically to detailed exegesis of Leviticus. Hrabanus Maurus relied on Hesychius ... More


Theology: The Age of Reticence

Alexander Murray

in Suicide in the Middle Ages: Volume ii: The Curse on Self-Murder

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207313
eISBN:
9780191677625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207313.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

The route taken here divides the theological history of suicide into two phases, shared out respectively between this chapter and the next. This chapter deals with the first, the age of reticence ... More


Meta-Textual Structuring of Texts

Alexander Samely

in Profiling Jewish Literature in Antiquity: An Inventory, from Second Temple Texts to the Talmuds

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199684328
eISBN:
9780191764981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684328.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

The role of explicit biblical commentary is crucial in Jewish antiquity. This chapter deals with concepts for describing in detail literary features of running commentaries, from Pesher Habakkuk to ... More


Halakhic Midrashim as Historical Sources

GÜNTER STEMBERGER

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter evaluates the usefulness and reliability of the halakhic midrashim as a historical resource. It explains that the halakhic midrashim as commentaries on the biblical books of Exodus ... More


Origen

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The life work of Origen (c.184–254), as he saw it, consisted in interpreting the scriptures for his generation of Christians through biblical commentary and so refuting both gnosticism and the ... More


Biblical Commentary

Maren R. Niehoff

in Philo of Alexandria: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300175233
eISBN:
9780300231304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175233.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter looks at Philo's biblical commentaries. Philo's commentary activity on the Jewish Scriptures must be appreciated in the context of Alexandria, where he became familiar with critical ... More


Rashi’s Choice: The Pentateuch Commentary as Rewritten Midrash

Ivan G. Marcus

in Midrash Unbound: Transformations and Innovations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113713
eISBN:
9781800340169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113713.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on the master exegete Rashi of Troyes. Although many have written supercommentaries, essays, and even books about Rashi as a biblical or talmudic exegete, until recently few have ... More


Excavating the Bible

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the pronounced variations in the expression of biblical monotheism found in commentaries written in the Roman Near East during the fourth and fifth centuries. In particular, it ... More


“We Interpret Spiritual Truths to People Possessed of the Spirit” (1 Corinthians 2:13): Studying the Bible with the Fathers of the Church

Felice Lifshitz

in Religious Women in Early Carolingian Francia: A Study of Manuscript Transmission and Monastic Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256877
eISBN:
9780823261420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256877.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the copies of works by Augustine (his Commentary on the Gradual Psalms, in Würzburg, Universitätsbibliothek M.p.th.f. 17) and Gregory I (his Homilies on the Gospels, in ... More


Biblical Commentary

Andrew Taylor

in The Oxford History of Literary Translation in English: Volume 2 1550-1660

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199246212
eISBN:
9780191803376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199246212.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter surveys translations of biblical commentary in the 1550–1660 period. Biblical commentary was a scholarly activity. The fact that almost no grammar, lexicon, or commentary by an English ... More


The Biblical Commentary Tradition

John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt

in Robert Holcot

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199391240
eISBN:
9780199391271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391240.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers the reader an introduction to medieval biblical commentaries in general and Holcot’s biblical commentaries in particular. It examines the textual witnesses for each of Holcot’s ... More


Isaac Ibn Gi’ At

David Goldstein

in Hebrew Poems from Spain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113669
eISBN:
9781800340183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113669.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the poetry of Isaac Ibn Gi’at, who was born in Lucena. Under his spiritual leadership and authority, the city became the leading light of Jewish scholarship throughout the ... More


Metaphysics: Doubts and Reservations

Ruth Glasner

in Gersonides: A Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Philosopher-Scientist

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198735861
eISBN:
9780191799822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735861.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

His empiricist tendency and his interest in the applied mathematical sciences led Gersonides to reconsider the philosophically oriented Platonic-Aristotelian hierarchical conception of the system of ... More


The Book of Wisdom

John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt

in Robert Holcot

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199391240
eISBN:
9780199391271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391240.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces readers to Holcot’s most famous work, his commentary on the book of Wisdom. Because this book is so massive and varied in its style and organization, this chapter aims to ... More


The Janus Face of Scaliger’s Philological Heritage: The Biblical Annotations of Heinsius and Grotius

Dirk van Miert

in Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age: God's Word Questioned

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198806837
eISBN:
9780191844379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806837.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Daniel Heinsius and Hugo Grotius worked on the New Testament in the same decade, 1630–1640, and within the same genre of a selective annotation, but they ended up publishing two contrasting types of ... More


The Talmudic View of the Universe

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes the talmudic model of the universe. The rabbis of the Talmud believed that the world was flat, and that the sun revolved around the Earth every day. There is a debate about the ... More


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