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Physical Hazards

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Physical hazards involve the release of energy in various forms: 1) noise, the most common and widespread physical hazard, can be continuous noise or impulse that can cause damage to the ear or ... More


An Hourglass of Great Precision

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter takes a historical look at the experiments carried out by Ernest Rutherford to determine the age of the Earth. In 1903, Rutherford performed an experiment in which he separated the alpha ... More


Nuclear Power Generation

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The primary advantage of nuclear power is that a lot of energy can be generated from very little material—that too with no ongoing CO2 production. The disadvantage is the problem of dealing with ... More


Abundance and Measurement of Stable Isotopes

Robert E. Criss

in Principles of Stable Isotope Distribution

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117752
eISBN:
9780197561195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117752.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The discovery of isotopes is best understood in the context of the spectacular advances in physics and chemistry that transpired during the last 200 years. Around the year 1800, compounds and ... More


General Radiation Hazards and Protection

Varut Vardhanabhuti, Julia James, Rosemary Gray, Rehaan Nensey, Vivien Shuen, and Tishi Ninan

in MCQs for the First FRCR

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584024
eISBN:
9780191917967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584024.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Deterministic effects of ionizing radiation include: Cataract Epilation Leukaemia Lung cancer Erythema Stochastic effects of radiation ... More


Imaging and Radiation

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0033
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

This chapter explains in simple terms the background physics of imaging using standard X-rays, computed axial tomography (CT), nuclear medicine (including positron emission tomography-PET), and ... More


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