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Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Roger Traub, MD and Miles Whittington, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book reviews a number of clinical neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain oscillations play an essential role. It discusses how the intrinsic properties of neurons, and the interactions ... More


Parkinson’s Disease

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Parkinson's Disease is associated with loss of brainstem dopaminergic neurons, and loss of dopaminergic innervation of basal ganglia and cortex. The most disabling clinical symptoms are slowness of ... More


Schizophrenia

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

One factor in schizophrenia may be a decrease in NMDA receptor mediated excitation of interneurons, both acting during brain development and also more acutely. The NMDA receptor antagonist, ketamine, ... More


Remnants of an Ancient Past

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

A neuropeptide is similar to a string of beads with each bead being an amino acid. Your brain uses many neuropeptides for quite different purposes. One of the best studied groups of these controls ... More


Theranostics and Translation toward Personalized Medicine for Multiple Sclerosis

Ariel Miller, Tamar Paperna, Opher Caspi, Izabella Lejbkowicz, Elsebeth Staun-Ram, and Nili Avidan

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Recently, medicine began moving to more informed healthcare management and medical treatment guided by diagnostics, termed, theranostics. In the last decade, the search for markers for disease ... More


Diversity Beyond Variance

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of measures of interneural diversity. It then considers how alterations in diversity modulate neuronal functions. It examines the effects of altering diversity ... More


Hippocampal Neurophysiology in the Behaving Animal

O’Keefe John

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the neural correlates of hippocampal EEG and single-unit activity. It shows that EEG can be categorized into several frequency bands: theta, beta, gamma, and the ... More


Chapter 9

Rakesh Tandon (ed.)

in Structured Oral Examination Practice for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584017
eISBN:
9780191917950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584017.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Direct Measurements Of Neutrino Mass

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of direct measurements of neutrino mass with detailed treatment of beta decay, pion and tau decays, and neutrinoless double-beta decay.


 The Rise and Fall of Emil Konopinski's Theory of β Decay

Allan Franklin

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In 1934, Enrico Fermi proposed a theory of beta decay. Although it was supported by existing experimental evidence, a more detailed examination revealed discrepancies. Emil Konopinski and George ... More


Cures for Mortality?

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The final chapter addresses the value of mushroom extracts in treating varied illnesses. Marketers maintain that mushroom extracts are powerful agents in the treatment of cancer, AIDS, and other ... More


Monoamine systems and memory formation

R. M. Stephenson

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Recently, central beta-adrenergic involvement in chick memory processing has become a well-established area of study. This chapter describes a number of experiments which indicate that ... More


Organic, Liaison, and Perinatal Psychiatry

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 3

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199553617
eISBN:
9780191917813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199553617.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Imaging Applications to Parkinson’s Disease Clinical Trials

Martin Niethammer and Andrew Feigin

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0119
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

This chapter reviews the role of neuroimaging in PD clinical trials to investigate both symptomatic and potential disease-modifying therapies. While clinical ratings are typically used as the primary ... More


You Are What You Eat: Plumage Pigments and Carotenoid Physiology

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The red coloration of male House Finches results from carotenoid pigmentation, and this chapter reviews the physiology of carotenoid pigmentation of feathers. House Finches were originally supposed ... More


Freedom and Determinism

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The author considers the modal, or ”consequence,” argument for the incompatibility of free will and determinism. He diagnoses the defects in van Inwagen's original formulation of the Beta principle ... More


Lattices

E. J. N. Wilson

in An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The lattice described in the chapter is the periodic pattern of focusing and bending magnets that a particle experiences on each turn. Hills Equation describes the vertical and horizontal transverse ... More


Physical Hazards

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Physical hazards involve the release of energy in various forms: 1) noise, the most common and widespread physical hazard, can be continuous noise or impulse that can cause damage to the ear or ... More


The Posterior Pituitary and Water Metabolism

Willis K. Samson

in Textbook of Endocrine Physiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199744121
eISBN:
9780197563045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199744121.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes

The neurohypophysis, also called the posterior pituitary or neural lobe , is the ventral extension of hypothalamic tissue derived from a developmental down growth of ... More


Cost of Capital

H. Kent Baker, J. Clay Singleton, and E. Theodore Veit

in Survey Research in Corporate Finance: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195340372
eISBN:
9780199894215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340372.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter reviews the findings of academic surveys of corporate executives indicating the estimation and use of cost of capital (also known as weighted average cost of capital or WACC). The ... More


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