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End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Fiona Randall and Robin Downie

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

A book for nurses, doctors and all who provide end of life care, this volume guides readers through the ethical complexities of such care, including current policy initiatives, and encourages debate ... More


Prenatal Genetic Interventions

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses three types of interventions: (1) prenatal genetic diagnosis (PGD); (2) prenatal genetic therapy (PGT); and (3) prenatal genetic enhancement (PGE). Following an overview of ... More


The implications of the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005 for Advance Care Planning and decision making

Simon Chapman and Andrew Makin

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561636
eISBN:
9780191730542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561636.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of the MCA's impact on end of life care. It situates the MCA in the current context of policy and practice. It describes how the MCA can be used to improve care, ... More


The Rights of Biological Parents

Norvin Richards

in The Ethics of Parenthood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731749
eISBN:
9780199866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731749.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with the cases of Baby Jessica and Baby Richard, in which couples believed they had adopted a child but had dealt only with the biological mother. In each, the biological father ... More


Hearing the Voices of Children in Alienation Cases

Barbara Jo Fidler, Nicholas Bala, and Michael A. Saini

in Children Who Resist Postseparation Parental Contact: A Differential Approach for Legal and Mental Health Professionals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895496
eISBN:
9780199980086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895496.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

It is important for parents, professionals, and judges to consider children's perspectives and preferences about the arrangements for their care, but the stated wishes of a child are not ... More


Whose Child Is This?

Norvin Richards

in The Ethics of Parenthood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731749
eISBN:
9780199866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731749.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When someone has been separated from his or her children and wants to be a parent to the child, it has to be decided whether (l) that is to be permitted or (2) this person is to have no special ... More


Best interests: extended senses

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the issue of end of life care patients' ‘best interests’ in its various extended forms. It analyses the controversial view of specialist palliative care that the unit of care is ... More


Children’s Rights: A Theoretical Analysis

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744718
eISBN:
9780199897476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Can children have rights? Can very young children have rights? What kind of legal theory regards children as rights holders despite their limited capacity to exert their rights and make rational ... More


Choice and best interests: life-prolonging treatments

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the concept of patient choice and best interest in relation to end of life care and life-prolonging treatments. It stresses the importance for professionals to understand the ... More


Choice and best interests: sedation to relieve otherwise intractable symptoms (terminal sedation)

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines patient choice and best interest issues in relation to the use of sedation to relieve otherwise intractable symptoms in end of life care. It identifies the moral problems which ... More


Choice and best interests: symptom control and the maintenance of function

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the concept of patient choice and best interest in relation to symptom control and maintenance of function in end of life care. It discusses ethical issues which arise in ... More


The “Sanctity of Life,” “Best Interests,” and “Autonomy”: An Overview

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter provides an overview of three important ethical and legal concepts which are central to the book: the “sanctity/inviolability of life”; “best interests”; and “autonomy”. It suggests that ... More


Victims to Partners: Child-Inclusive Restorative Justice

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744718
eISBN:
9780199897476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter translates the ideas and theories presented in previous chapters into practical methods within a restorative justice framework. Needs are linked with correlated rights, creating clusters ... More


A Good Enough Upbringing

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defends a sufficientarian approach to parental rights, arguing for a particular account of the good enough upbringing, which should be a condition of holding parental rights that takes ... More


Legal and ethical considerations in involuntary admissions to long-term care

Shaun T. O’Keeffe

in Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the troubling legal and ethical issues raised by admissions to nursing homes. Current practice and the existing legal framework for involuntary admissions are discussed and it ... More


Death or Disability?: The 'Carmentis Machine' and decision-making for critically ill children

Dominic Wilkinson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669431
eISBN:
9780191748783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669431.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

New forms of neuroimaging are increasingly used to predict the outcome for seriously ill newborn infants and children; these predictions play a major role in decisions to continue or withdraw life ... More


Best Interests and the Carmentis Machine

Dominic Wilkinson

in Death or Disability?: The 'Carmentis Machine' and decision-making for critically ill children

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669431
eISBN:
9780191748783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669431.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most widely recommended ethical framework for decisions about treatment in children or infants indicates that treatment may be withdrawn or withheld if this is consistent with the best interests ... More


7 Towards a “Best Interests of the Child” Approach to Paternity Adjudication

Browne C. Lewis

in Papa's Baby: Paternity and Artificial Insemination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738481
eISBN:
9780814753279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738481.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter sets forth the standard that courts should use when evaluating whether an adjudication of paternity will serve the best interests of the child. The standard is derived by relying on ... More


Towards a “Best Interests of the Child” Approach to Paternity Adjudication

Browne C. Lewis

in Papa's Baby: Paternity and Artificial Insemination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738481
eISBN:
9780814753279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738481.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter sets forth the standard that courts should use when evaluating whether an adjudication of paternity will serve the best interests of the child. The standard is derived by relying on ... More


Immigrant Parents’ Perceptions of the “Best Interests of the Child”

Qingwen Xu

in Psychology, Law, and the Wellbeing of Children

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199934218
eISBN:
9780199356874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934218.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Professionals are mandated to follow the “best interests of the child” principle while working with children and their families. However, the meaning of the best interests of the child in the context ... More


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