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The anxiolytic drugs

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter defines anti-anxiety (anxiolytic) drugs, and reviews their types, clinical use, and behavioural pharmacology. Classical anxiolytic drugs and novel anxiolytic drugs share only anxiolytic ... More


Respiratory symptoms

Justin Amery and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

When dealing with respiratory symptoms, this chapter suggests that one must not panic. Breathing symptoms are frightening for everyone. Mostly, one has more time than he thinks, and symptoms tend to ... More


Pharmacology

B S K Kamath and Sarah Turle

in MCQs for the Primary FRCA

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199575770
eISBN:
9780191917899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199575770.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Additional skills for complex cases in mental health nursing

Nicola Clarke and Victoria Clarke

in Fundamentals of Mental Health Nursing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199547746
eISBN:
9780191917745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199547746.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In this chapter we will focus on some service users and mental health nursing skills that are more specialized than many students may experience. However, in ... More


Serotonin in anxiety: evidence from animal models

Mike Briley and Philippe Chopin

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Benzodiazepines have been shown since the early 1970s to cause some reduction of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) turnover, but in view of similar effects on other neurotransmitters these ... More


Does 5-HT have a role in anxiety and the action of anxiolytics?

Michael G. Palfreyman and John H. Kehne

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the quest for better treatments for anxiety it is essential first to ask, what is the anxiety syndrome one is trying to treat? Anxiety is a perfectly normal response to a stressful situation, such ... More


Drug therapies

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines different types of drugs used in the management of dyspnoea. It describes palliative drug therapies that are usually turned to when disease-orientated strategies are exhausted. ... More


Managing Breathlessness

Samantha Prigmore and Vikki Knowles,

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

This chapter addresses the fundamental nursing in managing breathlessness. Every nurse should possess the knowledge and skills to assess patients ... More


Managing Delirium and Confusion

Emma Ouldred and Catherine Bryant

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0028
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

This chapter focuses on the assessment, management, and diagnosis of delirium, one form of confusion that commonly presents in healthcare settings. It will ... More


Managing End-of-Life Care

John W. Albarran and Marika Hills

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0029
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

This chapter addresses the fundamental nursing role of managing end-of-life care. Death is as fundamental a part of life as living, and while caring for a ... More


A Vast Array of Drug Candidates

Brent R. Stockwell

in The Quest for the Cure: The Science and Stories Behind the Next Generation of Medicines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152136
eISBN:
9780231525527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152136.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how the invention of solid-phase peptide synthesis and the birth of combinatorial chemistry have made it possible to screen and allow for the collection of massive amounts of ... More


Pharmacology

B S K Kamath and Sarah Turle

in MCQs for the Primary FRCA

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199575770
eISBN:
9780191917899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199575770.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Pharmacology Questions Codeine phosphate Is a prodrug of morphine Is naturally occurring Is not metabolized by up to 3% of the UK population May be used to increase the rate of intestinal ... More


Problems due to use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0037
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Archaeological evidence has demonstrated that for at least the past 10,000 years humans have been using psychoactive substances. From the chewing of coca leaves in Ancient Peru (c.4000– 3000 bce) ... More


Psychiatry

Iqbal Khan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the MRCP Part 1 Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747178
eISBN:
9780191916939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747178.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A 46-year-old woman has a GCS score of 10/15. Ambulance staff report that they found several empty diazepam packets on her kitchen table, prescribed by her GP due to difficulty sleeping ... More


Paradigm Shift

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Kraepelin’s influence in renaming melancholia “depression” was enormous. But that alone would not suffice to explain why, an ocean away and a hundred years later, everybody became depressed. ... More


The Return of the Two Depressions (and an Anxious Postscript)

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Before 1980 there had been two depressions, melancholia—also called endogenous depression—and nonmelancholia, called a number of terms such as reactive depression and neurotic depression. DSM-III ... More


Nerves Redux

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

We might have thought that the concept of nerves ended in 1957 when the United States Post Office Department initiated a fraud proceeding against John Winters of New York City, who had been ... More


Diagnosis of Psychiatric Disorders

Sharon M. Batista and Harold W. Goforth

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195372571.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

As we enter the third decade of the AIDS pandemic, persons with AIDS are living longer and healthier lives as a result of appropriate medical care and advances in antiretroviral therapy. In the ... More


Psychopharmacologic Treatment Issues in AIDS Psychiatry

Kelly L. Cozza and Harold W. Goforth

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195372571.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Persons with HIV and AIDS are often prescribed a plethora of medications, all of which require special attention and are based on well-defined principles. In the first part of this chapter, Drug ... More


Therapeutics and medical emergencies

Nicholas Longridge, Pete Clarke, Raheel Aftab, and Tariq Ali

Katharine Boursicot and David Sales (eds)

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Dentistry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198825173
eISBN:
9780191917301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825173.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Firstly, do no harm. This is held as the first law of clinical practice when considering any intervention to improve the health of our patients. This may at times be a difficult proposition, ... More


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