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Law, Economics, and Morality

Eyal Zamir and Barak Medina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the ... More


The Way to Reform and a New Statutory Derivative Action: Much Ado About Nothing?

Arad Reisberg

in Derivative Actions and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204892
eISBN:
9780191709487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204892.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter analyses the reforms of the derivative action in the UK. It begins by highlighting the deficiencies in the common law, the approach to reform, and the guiding principles for resolving ... More


Benefit Cost Comparisons Between State and Local Governments and Private Industry Employers

Ken McDonnell

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

It is often argued that compensation patterns for public sector employees are higher than in the private sector. This chapter examines some of the reasons for the observed differences in total ... More


Conclusion

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.12
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The conclusion briefly summarizes the main argument of the book.


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Social Justice and Environmental Goods 1

David Miller

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

David Miller grapples with the sustainability question in the context of liberal theories of justice. He believes that environmental goods are as appropriately related to theories of justice as any ... More


Blueprints for Change: Devolution and Subsidiarity in the United States and the European Union

David Lazer and Viktor Mayer‐Schoenberger

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines the most recent attempts in both the USA and the EU to respond to attacks on the legitimacy of ‘federal’ governance by building into the legislative or regulatory processes a federalism or ... More


Addressing Hunger

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes how hunger is addressed by the Bank nutrition team. It examines the interlacing of economic ideology and politics in World Bank nutrition policy through focusing on the periods ... More


Constructing Threshold Functions

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.04
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses various substantive and methodological choices involved in formalizing deontological constraints and options. It proposes to determine the permissibility of any act or rule ... More


Using Food Labels to Regulate Risks

Paul Weirich

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many food products contain genetically modified corn and soybeans. Corn plants are modified to resist pests, and soybean plants are modified to tolerate herbicides. In the United States food labels ... More


Three Case Studies

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Plural Values and Environmental Valuation

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses critically the main criticisms of the use of cost‐benefit analysis in environmental policy, such as the incommensurability of environmental values with the values born by ... More


Understanding natural resource users' incentives

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the methods available for collecting data about people's motivations for natural resource use, thus providing information on the social and economic facets of sustainability. ... More


Assessing Capability Change

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter applies the theory developed in this book to a current challenge: global climate change. It provides an introduction to the issue, summarizes the history of negotiations, and provides ... More


The Importance and Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms

Christopher Charlier and Egizio Valceschini

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an attempt to estimate a monetary value for environmental or public health degradation. In a regulatory context, it should be seen as a complementary tool to risk ... More


The Montreal Protocol

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter develops the main case study of the book — the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. It explains how the treaty was negotiated, and describes its main features. ... More


Counting Costs and Benefits: Is Sprawl Efficient?

Thad Williamson

in Sprawl, Justice, and Citizenship: The Civic Costs of the American Way of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195369434
eISBN:
9780199852826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369434.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Utilitarian philosophy has the premise that goodness depends on utility as the result of an act, thus, maximizing the well-being of all. Economical analysis in the previous chapter inferred the ... More


The Law and Politics of Risk Assessment

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes how and explains why American regulatory policies have moved away from and European policies moved toward a precautionary approach to assessing and managing risks. It begins by ... More


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