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Exit Strategies

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Explores how, and under what circumstances, international authorities should withdraw from the administration of a territory. Whereas elections were once viewed as the capstone of international ... More


Defined Contribution Pension Plans in the Public Sector: A Benchmark Analysis

Roderick B. Crane, Michael Heller, and Paul J. Yakoboski

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter assesses best-practice benchmarks for the design of defined contribution plans in the public sector, where such plans are the primary, or core, employment-based retirement benefit. These ... More


Assessing current sustainability of use

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter shows how data of the types discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 can be analysed to give an indication of sustainability in the present. A wide range of possible indicator variables is ... More


Investment objective

Shanta Acharya and Elroy Dimson

in Endowment Asset Management: Investment Strategies in Oxford and Cambridge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199210916
eISBN:
9780191705816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210916.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In the world of endowment management, where the investment horizon may extend over centuries, investment decisions to support the objectives of endowed institutions pose a unique set of challenges. ... More


The Advantage Analysis: An Introduction

Luca Rubini

in The Definition of Subsidy and State Aid: WTO and EC Law in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199533398
eISBN:
9780191714740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533398.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

In Canada-Aircraft the Appellate body laid down findings whose generality makes them a suitable starting point for explaining the operation of the advantage analysis in both legal systems. As ... More


Economic Activity and the Advantage Analysis

Luca Rubini

in The Definition of Subsidy and State Aid: WTO and EC Law in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199533398
eISBN:
9780191714740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533398.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter focuses on the economic activity of governments. The first part deals with the general principle of the market, focusing on the complexities and difficulties involved in the application ... More


Setting Benchmarks for Psychiatric Concepts

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter analyzes the so-called “benchmark problem”, which is the problem of determining a diagnostic benchmark beyond which the ordinary (or normal) becomes extraordinary (or abnormal). Through ... More


Key concepts and principles of social marketing

Jeff French and Clive Blair-Stevens

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Social marketing is a dynamic interdisciplinary cross-sector approach to creating social good. Like marketing and many other public sector endeavours such as education, public health, and ... More


Introduction

Pierre-André Chiappori

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter introduces the theme of the panel entitled “Benchmarking and Performance Standards,” by pointing to the conceptual challenges in defining appropriate benchmarks for SWFs. First on the ... More


Tilt of Benchmarks

Bob Litterman

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter argues that sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) should be tilting their benchmarks away from market-cap weights, and tilting towards assets that will benefit when global greenhouse gas ... More


Four Benchmarks of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Andrew Ang

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses four benchmarks of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) that take into account the economic and political context of these funds' creation and the role they play in an overall ... More


Panel Summary

Patrick Bolton, Frederic Samama, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter summarizes the discussions of the panel on benchmarking sovereign wealth funds (SWFs). It argues that there is no single optimal governance framework or performance benchmark to adopt ... More


Essential Health Benefits and the Affordable Care Act: Law and Process

Nicholas Bagley and Helen Levy

in The Future of Healthcare Reform In the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226254951
eISBN:
9780226255002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255002.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the questions of whether the benchmark approach to determine essential health benefits under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a lawful exercise of the Department of Health and ... More


Constructing Alignment Benchmarks

Julie D. Thompson

in Sequence Alignment: Methods, Models, Concepts, and Strategies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256972
eISBN:
9780520943742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256972.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the increasing role of computer simulation in alignment evaluation, not just for the benchmarking of alignment algorithms but also for exploring the consequences of alignment ... More


The Dispute Settlement Understanding: Interpretation of the Substantive Features of the TRIPS Agreement

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

in A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This Chapter analyzes the decisions of the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) in intellectual property cases to assess whether national laws can be adapted to reflect diversity, balance and historical ... More


Causality Workbench

Isabelle Guyon, Constantin Aliferis, Gregory Cooper, André Elisseeff, Jean‐Philippe Pellet, Peter Spirtes, and Alexander Statnikov

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0026
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The Causality Workbench project provides an environment to test causal discovery algorithms. Via a web portal (http://clopinet.com/causality), a number of resources are provided, including a ... More


A U.K. Perspective on Psychological Literacy and Citizenship

Annie Trapp and Jacqueline Akhurst

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the concepts of psychological literacy and the psychological literate citizen within the context of the UK. The concept of citizenship is explored and it is argued that the ... More


Methods for Assessing Racially Biased Policing

Greg Ridgeway and John MacDonald

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter serves as a primer on methods for assessing racially biased policing. It notes that the central issue in documenting the existence of racially biased policing is the identification of an ... More


Before the Clearances

Eric Richards

in Debating the Highland Clearances

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621828
eISBN:
9780748672141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621828.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

It used to be assumed that ‘the law of progress’ simply did not operate in the Scottish Highlands: this was a society which had been had been sunk in a primitive and uncivilised state for centuries; ... More


Sierra Leone

Alhaji Sarjoh Bah

in Exit Strategies and State Building

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199760114
eISBN:
9780199949991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760114.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the strategies (or lack thereof) employed by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the UN for their exits from Sierra Leone. It compares ECOWAS’s lack of an ... More


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