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Whose Hubris? Brandeis, Scientific Management, and the Railroads

Gerald Berk

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter reinterprets Louis Brandeis's role in the crisis of progressive era railroad regulation. While others have implicated Brandeis in the crisis, the essay shows how he identified fatal ... More


INTRODUCTION

Rob H. Bisseling

in Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter is a self-contained tutorial which discusses how to get started quickly with parallel programming and how to design and implement algorithms in a structured way using supersteps. It ... More


The European challenge: Innovation, policy learning and social cohesion in the new knowledge economy

Graham Room

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347398
eISBN:
9781447303787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347398.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Economic and social change is accelerating under the twin impact of globalisation and the new information technologies. But how are these processes interrelated? Are they impelling us towards a ... More


Policy Coordination in the EU

Kenneth A. Armstrong

in Governing Social Inclusion: Europeanization through Policy Coordination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199278374
eISBN:
9780191594861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278374.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Since 2000, EU interventions to combat poverty and social exclusion have centred around the emergence of a novel technique of EU governance: the Open Method of Coordination. It is argued that the ... More


Stabilization Funds

Eric Parrado

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers benchmarking from a political economic perspective, arguing that benchmarks are not only about performance but also about legitimacy and intent. The speaker goes on to describe ... More


Four Benchmarks of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Andrew Ang

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses four benchmarks of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) that take into account the economic and political context of these funds' creation and the role they play in an overall ... More


Panel Summary

Patrick Bolton, Frederic Samama, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter summarizes the discussions of the panel on benchmarking sovereign wealth funds (SWFs). It argues that there is no single optimal governance framework or performance benchmark to adopt ... More


National Voice and Local Voice

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter provides the first overview of how tensions between local chambers and national bodies were resolved. Early initiatives were a Union of Chambers, the General Chamber of Manufacturers, ... More


Developing Comprehensive, Enabling Welfare States for Offensive Experimentalist Business Practices

Peer Hull Kristensen

in Nordic Capitalisms and Globalization: New Forms of Economic Organization and Welfare Institutions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594535
eISBN:
9780191724909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594535.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes what characterizes an enabling welfare state, identifies its core institutions and how it makes possible distinctive business strategies based on highly autonomous forms of ... More


Made to Measure: Tracing Unique Climate Policy Agendas in New York City, Los Angeles, and Toronto

Sara Hughes

in Repowering Cities: Governing Climate Change Mitigation in New York City, Los Angeles, and Toronto

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501740411
eISBN:
9781501740428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740411.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter traces the climate change mitigation policy agendas of New York City, Los Angeles, and Toronto, focusing on the period since 2007, and specifically the tools with which they sought to ... More


‘Holism’ and urban regeneration

Ambrose Peter

in Partnership working: Policy and practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342201
eISBN:
9781447302919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342201.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter stresses the need to view the regeneration of estates in the context of how all public services operate. It cites the study of housing renewal in inner London, England, and on a ... More


Constructing Alignment Benchmarks

Julie D. Thompson

in Sequence Alignment: Methods, Models, Concepts, and Strategies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256972
eISBN:
9780520943742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256972.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the increasing role of computer simulation in alignment evaluation, not just for the benchmarking of alignment algorithms but also for exploring the consequences of alignment ... More


Benchmarking

Abraham Lioui and Patrice Poncet

in Portfolio Theory and Management

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199829699
eISBN:
9780199979790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829699.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Benchmarking, the practice of designing a given portfolio or index as a reference for the portfolio adopted by the fund manager, serves two main purposes. First, benchmarking is an asset allocation ... More


Local Governance Structures and Processes

Michael J. Rich and Robert P. Stoker

in Collaborative Governance for Urban Revitalization: Lessons from Empowerment Zones

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452505
eISBN:
9780801470912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452505.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter provides three significant factors that moved the transition of the Empowerment Zones (EZ) initiative from the planning stage to the implementation stage. Firstly, strategic planning and ... More


The EU response

Graham Room

in The European challenge: Innovation, policy learning and social cohesion in the new knowledge economy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347398
eISBN:
9781447303787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347398.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter investigates how the EU has set about addressing the challenges of the knowledge-based economy and the role of policy benchmarking within its strategy. It also however notes some of the ... More


Benchmarking and governance

Graham Room

in The European challenge: Innovation, policy learning and social cohesion in the new knowledge economy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347398
eISBN:
9781447303787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347398.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on the role of benchmarking in relation to governance. It notes that if benchmarking of the new knowledge-based economy and policy learning are to be ‘intelligent’, they must ... More


Data and Modeling Challenges in International Comparisons

Johannes M. Bauer and Sungjoong Kim

in Beyond Broadband Access: Developing Data-Based Information Policy Strategies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823251834
eISBN:
9780823268955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251834.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines two particularly testing problems affecting cross-national comparisons of advanced communication services: the increasing importance of service and price differentiation, ... More


Reforming the European Social Model and the politics of indicators: from the unemployment rate to the employment rate in the European Employment Strategy1

Robert Salais

in Unwrapping the European social model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347985
eISBN:
9781447304135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347985.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on the European Employment Strategy (EES) as an exemplar of what could be called ‘a politics of indicators’, by which is meant the specific type of political action and ... More


Benchmark-Based Free Allocations in EU ETS Phase III: How Much Better Than Phase II?

Oliver Sartor, Stephen Lecourt, and Clement Pallière

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper exploits a detailed and original database to analyse the welfare and efficiency implications of the move to benchmark-based free allocation rules in EU ETS Phase 3(2013-20). It is shown ... More


Assessing Health-Care System Performance against the Four Core Aims of Health-Care Policy

Gunnar Almgren

in Health Care as a Right of Citizenship: The Continuing Evolution of Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231170130
eISBN:
9780231543316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170130.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Previous chapters have provided the historical context and the justification for a set of four core aims of health care policy in light of the requisites of citizenship in a democratic society, and ... More


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