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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective

Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236818
eISBN:
9780191679377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Language

This book examines the complex and varied ways in which fictions relate to the real world, and offers a precise account of how imaginative works of literature can use fictional content to explore ... More


Seeing and Knowing

Andy Rotman

in Thus I Have Seen: Visualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366150
eISBN:
9780199867882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366150.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Part I focuses on the practice of śraddhā, the causes and conditions that lead to its arising and the subsequent behavior that its arising entails. This analysis begins, in chapter 1, with an ... More


Introduction: Towards an Acceptable Fideism

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The question whether religious beliefs can be justifiable is typically taken to be about whether they can be epistemically justified, and hence, justified on the evidence. Fideism holds that ... More


Faith as Doxastic Venture

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter sets out a model of (theistic) faith as doxastic venture — understood, not as believing ‘at will’, but rather as taking a proposition to be true in one's practical reasoning while ... More


James, Clifford, and the Scientific Conscience

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter presents a comparative reading of W. K. Clifford's 1877 treatise, “The Ethics of Belief,” and William James' 1897 essay, “The Will to Believe.” It provides an interpretation of each in ... More


Naturalized Ontology

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the question of how we are to uncover our ontological commitments, on the assumption that even our best scientific theories may include hypotheses adopted for reasons other ... More


Mathematics and Make‐Believe

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents in detail Kendall L. Walton's account of metaphor as prop‐oriented make‐believe, and discusses how this account can be used to provide an anti‐realist account of the ideal ... More


Nathan the Wise and Lessing's “Ideal of Humanity”

Toshimasa Yasukata

in Lessing's Philosophy of Religion and the German Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144949
eISBN:
9780199834891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144945.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Elucidates Lessing's ideal of humanity, the ideal that finds poetic and literary expression in Nathan the Wise. The parable of the three rings, the starting point for the plot that stands at the ... More


The Fictional and the Real

John Gibson

in Fiction and the Weave of Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299522
eISBN:
9780191714900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299522.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter presents some general observations on the notion of fiction. It uses a discussion of two positions from extreme corners of currently fashionable theories of fiction as an occasion for ... More


On Looking at a Picture

Malcolm Budd

in Aesthetic Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with an exposition and critique of Ernst Gombrich's illusionistic theory of the experience of realistic pictures. It then modulates to its main theme — a critical examination of ... More


Norms of Assertion and Testimonial Knowledge

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a further objection that has been raised to the view defended in this book — an objection that is grounded in a widely accepted thesis about the norm governing proper assertion. ... More


War—And Vision of a Covenant (Chaps. 14–15): Amid an Enslaving War, a Blessing (Chap. 14)Amid Uncertainty and Enslavement, a Covenant (Chap. 15)

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In Genesis 14, Abram engages in a war involving many nations, and with the help of a covenant‐based alliance of brothers, he brings back his captured nephew and his possessions. In Genesis 15, God ... More


Does Ontology Rest on a Mistake?

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A line of research aimed at determining whether Chicago, April, Spanish, etc., really exist can seem naive to the point of comicality. It's as though one were to call for research into whether April ... More


Apriority and Existence

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Quineans think that to establish the existence of so and so's, one must take a holistic a posteriori indispensability argument. Rationalists think that the existence of so and so's follows from a ... More


Abstract Objects: A Case Study

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers have many puzzling features. Their properties are mostly essential to them, but they exist in all possible worlds. Number theory seems a priori, yet it makes existence claims and existence ... More


On Pictures and Photographs: Objections Answered

Kendall L. Walton

in Film Theory and Philosophy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159216
eISBN:
9780191673566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159216.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on points of disagreements on the medium of film. All films are representational. They are either visual or depictive. The vast majority of films are photographic depictions. ... More


A New Starting Place for the Semantics of Belief Sentences

Erin L. Eaker

in The Philosophy of David Kaplan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367881
eISBN:
9780199867585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367881.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the semantics of believes that sentences, that is, sentences like, “Stella believes that Joe Tobacco won the hand.” It argues that semantic theories for believes that ... More


The Faith that Responds to Revelation

Gerald O'Collins

in Rethinking Fundamental Theology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605569
eISBN:
9780191729454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605569.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

After distinguishing faith as ‘believing in’ and ‘believing that’, this chapter first puts aside two opposed positions: faith without reason and faith (merely) based on evidence. Willi Marxsen still ... More


Language

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

A natural vocable, such as a warning cry, causes the recipient to imagine the situation encountered by the utterer and to react suitably. But a true language requires arbitrary symbols, syntax, and ... More


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