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Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Neil Tennant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This account of rational belief revision explains how a rational agent ought to proceed when adopting a new belief — a difficult matter if the new belief contradicts the agent’s old beliefs. Belief ... More


Retrospective

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

What was the appeal to Christianity if Native Americans received spiritual security and emotional satisfaction from their own belief systems? In the light of varying degrees of success throughout the ... More


The History of Government from the Earliest Times: Volume II: The Intermediate Ages

S. E. Finer

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207900
eISBN:
9780191677854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207900.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

No one has hitherto had the breadth of imagination and intellectual boldness to describe and analyse government throughout recorded history and throughout the world. Ranging over 5,000 years, from ... More


Purposive Mass Belief Systems concerning Foreign Policy

Benjamin I. Page and Tao Xie

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter proposes a theory of “purposive belief systems,” postulating an instrumental logic that tends to form an important foundation for citizens' policy preferences. This theory is based on ... More


Social Movement Challenges to Structural Archetypes: Abortion Rights, AIDS, and Long-Term Care

Martin Kitchener

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter extends institutional theory to analyze processes by which resource‐poor actors initiate new structures within fields of healthcare organizations. Using insights from studies of ... More


The Power of the Moral Responsibility System

Bruce N. Waller

in The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Belief in moral responsibility is held in place by a larger belief system in which moral responsibility is deeply embedded. When operating within the deep assumptions of that system moral ... More


Introduction

John Baylis

in Ambiguity and Deterrence: British Nuclear Strategy 1945-1964

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280125
eISBN:
9780191684357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280125.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter describes the years 1945–1964 as a period that does not only denote availability of references but also signifies the turning points that shaped the current British nuclear ... More


Conclusion

NEVILLE WYLIE

in Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206903
eISBN:
9780191717338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206903.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter evaluates the relative success of British policy towards Switzerland between 1939 and 1945. It explains how British policy-makers justified their benevolent attitude towards ... More


Work Motivation

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Organisational motivations grounded on a cross-cultural approach are essential in the analysis of the factors that affect employees' (though different) persistence, volunteerism, and goal-directed ... More


Fixedness and Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter illustrates fixedness of belief and how it can or cannot be considered knowledge. Ordinarily, when one has a true belief and also enough information to know, one's belief is neither ... More


Ideology and Interstate Competition

Jonathan Karam Skaff

in Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors: Culture, Power, and Connections, 580-800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199734139
eISBN:
9780199950195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734139.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter takes a look at the Eastern Eurasian conceptions of imperial space and rulership that directed monarchs as they tried to exert and justify sovereignty. It describes the Sui-Tang ... More


How the Messages Are Received: The Spectrum of Response

Robbi E. Davis-Floyd

in Birth as an American Rite of Passage

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520229327
eISBN:
9780520927216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229327.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter presents the result of an in depth investigation into the responses of individual women to their socialization through birth rituals. The findings indicate that the single factor that ... More


1899: Hong Kong in the Age of Imperialism

Patrick H. Hase

in The Six-Day War of 1899: Hong Kong in the Age of Imperialism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098992
eISBN:
9789882207592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098992.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The year 1899 was the pinnacle of Imperialism as a belief-system in Britain. Britain's continual Imperial expansion, throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, had led the British to ... More


Rituals and Relationships

Susan Starr Sered

in Priestess, Mother, Sacred Sister: Religions Dominated by Women

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195104677
eISBN:
9780199853267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104677.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

There are several women's religions that could essentially be described as constellations of rituals: these religions lack a standardized belief system, formal membership procedures, rules and ... More


Shamans and Superstitions: ‘The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere’

Tim Fulford

in Romantic Indians: Native Americans, British Literature, and Transatlantic Culture 1756-1830

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273379
eISBN:
9780191706332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273379.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter provides a close reading of Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner, in the context of Coleridge's arguments about superstition and belief in indigenous communities, and in the context ... More


The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror

Manfred B. Steger

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199286942
eISBN:
9780191700408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286942.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Neoliberalism. Neoconservatism. Postmarxism. Postmodernism. Is there really something genuinely new about today's isms? Have we moved past our traditional ideological landscape? This book traces ... More


Divination as a System of Knowledge and Belief

Michael Attyah Flower

in The Seer in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252295
eISBN:
9780520934009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252295.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The rites of divination were not only ubiquitous in Greek society; they were also uniquely authoritative. This was true not only for the uneducated masses, but also for the elite, and not just in the ... More


Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951

Ross McKibbin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198206729
eISBN:
9780191677298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book investigates the ways in which ‘class culture’ characterised English society, and intruded into every aspect of life, during the period from 1918 to the mid-1950s. It demonstrates the ... More


Obstetric Training as a Rite of Passage1

Robbi E. Davis-Floyd

in Birth as an American Rite of Passage

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520229327
eISBN:
9780520927216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229327.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines obstetric training in the U.S. as an initiatory rite of passage. It considers the process by which medical practitioners are socialized both into the core belief and value ... More


Evolution of the Charismatic Community

Janja A. Lalich

in Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231948
eISBN:
9780520937512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231948.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The complex systems of influence in the cult group Heaven's Gate were intrusive, and very quickly became all-inclusive, serving to envelop any aspect of a member's life that was not already covered ... More


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