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Belief Revision

Graham Priest

in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199263288
eISBN:
9780191603631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263280.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses an account of belief-revision that is compatible with the rational belief of contradictions. In the process, a formal account of the model of rationality of the preceding ... More


 Comparisons

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There is a large spectrum of representations of belief states besides probabilities and ranks. The chapter cannot give a complete survey, but it presents comparisons with a number of important ... More


 The Representation of Belief: Some Standard Moves

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces and discusses the standard static laws of belief, consistency and deductive closure, as well as the first steps towards a dynamics of belief. The latter amounts to an ... More


Connections with Various Epistemological Accounts

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter surveys the relevant recent literature in epistemology with two aims in minds. First, the chapter wishes to show that the account of belief revision is orthogonal to, or invariant across, ... More


The Finitary Predicament

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides further argument justifying the claim that our use of finite dependency networks entails no loss at all of theoretical generality, as far as belief revision on the part of ... More


Judgement Aggregation

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Section. 8.1 introduces the problem of judgement aggregation and some of the difficulties encountered in trying to solve this problem. Section. 8.2 introduces the theory of belief revision and ... More


Conditional Belief and Belief Dynamics

Hannes Leitgeb and Hannes Leitgeb

in The Stability of Belief: How Rational Belief Coheres with Probability

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198732631
eISBN:
9780191796852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732631.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter turns to the notion of conditional belief: rationally believing a proposition given another proposition. Among other things, conditional belief plays a role for belief revision by ... More


The Twilight of Empiricism

Charles Travis

in Objectivity and the Parochial

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596218
eISBN:
9780191595783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

What we experience of the world—for example, that pig on the lawn—does not bear logical relations to thoughts, or propositions. That pig on the lawn is not of the form of a proposition. Logical ... More


Iterated Belief Revision

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A discussion of the problem of extending the basic AGM belief revision theory to iterated belief revision: the problem of formulating rules, not only for revising a basic belief state in response to ... More


Testimony

Alvin I. Goldman

in Knowledge in a Social World

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238201
eISBN:
9780191597527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238207.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Whether a simple reporting practice produces positive changes in knowledge, or V‐value, depends on what reports a message sender sends, who actually receives them, what the receivers’ antecedent ... More


Further reflections

Graham Priest

in Beyond the Limits of Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254057
eISBN:
9780191698194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254057.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides replies to criticisms on the concept of dialetheism or the existence of true contradictions. It clarifies that dialetheism is not incompatible with predication because the ... More


Thinking and Belief

Soteriou Matthew

in The Mind's Construction: The Ontology of Mind and Mental Action

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678457
eISBN:
9780191757952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678457.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers how the proposed account of the epistemology of mental action, and the proposed account of the self-knowledge involved in conscious thinking, bear on an account of one's ... More


The Psychology of (Pseudo)Science: Cognitive, Social, and Cultural Factors

Emilio J. C. Lobato and Corinne Zimmerman

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We review findings from the psychology of science that are relevant to understanding or explaining peoples’ tendencies to believe both scientific and pseudoscientific claims. We discuss relevant ... More


What Must and Can Must and Can Mean *

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter presents an account of the meaning of “must” and “can” that relies on general principles for reasoning from premise sets. Premise sets can be inconsistent, so the account has to allow for ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Given that we meet evils in every quarter of the world, could it be governed by an all-good and all-powerful deity? Some philosophers say no and claim that the problem of evil is good evidence for ... More


The Road to Core Logic

Neil Tennant

in Core Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198777892
eISBN:
9780191823367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777892.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

We situate Core Logic and Classical Core Logic within a wider logical landscape. Core Logic lies at the intersection of two orthogonal lines of reform of Classical Logic—constructivization and ... More


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