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 Ranking Functions

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This is the central chapter of this book. It criticizes belief revision theory for providing only a non-iterable account of belief change and thus only an incomplete dynamics of belief. An analysis ... More


Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief

Isaac Levi

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270705
eISBN:
9780191601774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270708.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a continuation of Isaac Levi’s work on formal epistemology, focusing on the problem of contraction. It argues that the problem of how to contract is essential both to an account of ... More


The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Wolfgang Spohn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Ranking theory will be claimed to deliver the first full account of the dynamics of belief and to be the legitimate sister of probability theory. This entails its deep significance for fundamental ... More


 Reasons and Apriority

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Conditional ranks also allow explicating a subjective notion of (deductive or non-deductive) reason, i.e., positive relevance, which is at the base of all current notions of (theoretical) reasons. ... More


LOGIC AND RATIONAL BELIEF

David Christensen

in Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263257
eISBN:
9780191602603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263256.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Sets up parameters for the book's approach — focuses on epistemic (rather than pragmatic) rationality; looks at conditions on simultaneous rational beliefs (rather than on rational changes of ... More


Quasi Truth and the Nature of Induction

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the “vertical” relationship between theory and evidence. In particular, it considers the impact of the conception of “partial” truth on the dynamics of belief change. A new ... More


Readers’ Empathy

Suzanne Keen

in Empathy and the Novel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195175769
eISBN:
9780199851232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175769.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines several kinds of evidence about reactions to reading a novel based on a study conducted by Wayne Booth which surveyed readers of different ages and backgrounds about the novels ... More


The Structure of Radical Probabilism

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Does radical probabilism have enough structure to say anything interesting? Structure is provided by coherent belief change. Coherence imposes the Martingale property, which gives convergence ... More


Perpetrators With a Clear Conscience: Lying Self-Deception and Belief Change

Ralph Erber

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter attempts to add to the literature on the psychological mechanisms underlying perpetrator behavior by looking at the possibility that a specific form of self-deception may play an ... More


Norm Change

Cristina Bicchieri

in Norms in the Wild: How to Diagnose, Measure, and Change Social Norms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190622046
eISBN:
9780190622084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622046.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The chapter studies how norms emerge or come to be abandoned. It argues how norm change always entails a change in social expectations. It also addresses which expectations must first change for a ... More


Cultures of Science in Early Victorian England

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter identifies the diverse cultural contexts that shaped the future members of the X Club: gentlemanly London science (Busk, Hooker and Lubbock), Balliol College, Oxford (Spottiswoode), ... More


Tools for Change

Cristina Bicchieri

in Norms in the Wild: How to Diagnose, Measure, and Change Social Norms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190622046
eISBN:
9780190622084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622046.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The chapter discusses which tools can be employed to bring about norm change. It examines the limits of legislative interventions and economic incentives. It thereafter explores the role of the media ... More


Temporalism and Eternalism

Mark Richard

in Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747765
eISBN:
9780191811531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747765.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Propositions are the bearers of truth and falsity and the objects of belief associated with sentences. Two views about propositions are temporalism, the view that some propositions can change truth ... More


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