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The Rejection of Behaviorism

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks critically at what might be called “philosophical arguments” for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence. It considers an argument sometimes suggested ... More


Raw Feeling: A philosophical account of the essence of consciousness

Robert Kirk

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236795
eISBN:
9780191679353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236795.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book asks the question: how could processes in the brain amount to conscious experiences? The mind–body problem is mystifying, even after decades of philosophical activity with the benefit of ... More


Dogs in historical perspective, and conceptual issues of the study of their behaviour

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Dogs have always been the focus of human interest about nature. In many cultures they even won the ‘prestigious’ title of being man's best friend, whilst in others dogs did not receive such sympathy ... More


Teleological Behaviorism and the Problem of Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Problems of self-control as well as social cooperation may be seen as conflicts not between internal spiritual or neurological entities, but between highly valued overt behavioral patterns of ... More


Introduction: Culture and the Innate Mind

Tom Simpson, Stephen Stich, Peter Carruthers, and Stephen Laurence

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides a brief history of some of the theoretical strands that form the backdrop to contemporary debates among nativists about the evolutionary and cognitive underpinnings of culture, ... More


The Automaticity Juggernaut—or, Are We Automatons After All?

John F Kihlstrom

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The distinction between automatic and controlled cognitive processes was imported into social psychology, and formed the basis for a new generation of “dual-process” theories of social cognition and ... More


The Inner Life of a Rational Agent: In Defence of Philosophical Behaviourism

Rowland Stout

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623433
eISBN:
9780748652501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623433.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book provides an up-to-date version of behaviourism, although not a form of behaviourism that denies the existence of consciousness, free will, rationality, etc., nor aims to reduce these to ... More


Multiple Memory Systems: A Historical Perspective

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an historical review and analysis of systematic attempts to characterize different forms of memory, and the central observations that support the idea of multiple memory ... More


The Self, Speaking

Garry L. Hagberg

in Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces Behaviourism contra Cartesianism, the problems of inferential perception, speaking of a person versus speaking of a body, and first-person avowals. It also details issues ... More


Intentionality and Experience: Terminological Preliminaries

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter glosses ‘naturalism’, ‘physicalism’, ‘intentionality’, ‘aboutness’, ‘mental’, ‘content’, ‘mental content’, ‘representational content’, and so on in ways that may seem unorthodox but ... More


Truthmakers and Explanation

David Liggins

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmaker theory promises to do some useful philosophical work: equipping us to argue against phenomenalism and Rylean behaviourism, for instance, and helping us decide what exists. But it has ... More


Individual Representationalism after Mid‐Century: Preliminaries

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on relations between second-family Individual Representationalism and other standpoints that either reinforced it or began to undermine it. Sense-data theory was the prevailing ... More


Intentionality and Experience: Terminological Preliminaries

Galen Strawson

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter glosses the terms ‘naturalism’, ‘physicalism’, ‘intentionality’, ‘aboutness’, ‘mental’, ‘content’, ‘mental content’, ‘representational content’, and so on, in ways that may seem ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


A history of ‘maze’ psychology

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of early studies of spatial cognition, focusing on maze learning. It begins with a description of the first maze studies which were based on the Hampton Court maze. ... More


Realistic Standards for Decisions

Paul Weirich

in Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Decision theory is multidisciplinary. Philosophical decision theory formulates principles of rationality for decisions. Its principles treat primarily instrumental rationality and cover both ... More


Psychology and Education

Mathew Thomson

in Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287802
eISBN:
9780191713378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287802.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter argues that education was a key arena for spreading the influence of psychology. This is not a novel view, but it is argued that too much emphasis has been placed on the role of ... More


Neoclassical Economics from Triumph to Crisis

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279142
eISBN:
9780191602887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279144.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Considers the neo-Walrasian approach to general economic equilibrium. The conquest of the existence theorem is compared with the defeat on the grounds of uniqueness and stability. Examines the ... More


Survival of the Fittest

Robert Kirk

in Zombies and Consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The main alternative accounts of perceptual consciousness are briefly discussed, including scientific-psychological; neuroscientific; dualist; physicalist; Wittgensteinian; Sartrean; behaviourist; ... More


Sexuality and Sexual Orientation: Learning or Biology?

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews the various theories that have been advanced to explain homosexuality from an environmental perspective and shows why these theories, although they are still widespread, are not ... More


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