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Orienting of Attention

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter lays out the anatomical basis for a brain system involved in orienting to sensory stimulation. Orienting involves aligning attention with a source of sensory signals. This may be overt, ... More


The Parahippocampal Region: Organization and Role in Cognitive Function

Menno Witter and Floris Wouterlood (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509172
eISBN:
9780191724626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509172.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Advances in imaging technologies have enabled researchers to build on the evidence obtained from lesion and behavioural studies to propose a range of functions for the parahippocampal region. It is ... More


The behavioural analysis of animal vision

Randolph Blake

in Vision Research: A Practical Guide to Laboratory Methods

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523192
eISBN:
9780191688850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523192.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the behavioural study techniques of animal vision. The visual consequences associated with disorders within the visual nervous system are assessed through the study of animal ... More


Cerebral Substrates of Musical Imagery

Andrea R. Halpern

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter outlines a program of research that has tried to characterize auditory imagery for music using both behavioural and cognitive neuroscientific tools. It starts by describing some of ... More


The Psychology of Multimodal Perception

PAUL BERTELSON and BÉATRICE DE GELDER

in Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Sensory modalities are classically distinguished based on the type of physical stimulation that they are most sensitive to: light for vision, sound for hearing, skin pressure for touch, molecules in ... More


Neuroaesthetics: Growing pains of a new discipline

Anjan Chatterjee

in Aesthetic Science: Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732142
eISBN:
9780199918485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732142.003.0066
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Neuroaesthetics is a new field, which is gaining momentum. At this stage of its development, different kinds of writings are regarded as neuroaesthetics. The earliest forays into neuroaesthetics ... More


Stages in memory formation: a review

K. T. Ng and M. E. Gibbs

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes the findings from a range of pharmacological-behavioural studies carried out in laboratories using a modified version of Cherkin's paradigm. Pharmacological evidence for ... More


Content specificity of long-term memory representations

Patrick Khader and Frank Rösler

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines behavioural, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging studies that reveal dissociations between storage or retrieval of clearly distinct, global stimulus categories, less distinct ... More


Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Jonathan Losos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptive radiation—which results when a single ancestral species gives rise to many descendants, each adapted to a different part of the environment—is possibly the single most important source of ... More


Developmental and Computational Approaches to Variation in Working Memory

Yuko Munakata, J. Bruce Morton, and Randall C. O'Reilly

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the working memory processes that contribute to the ability to handle tasks and differences that lead to variations in these working memory processes. Two processes are focused ... More


Multi-method Legal Research: Nature, Need, Procedure, and Potentiality

P. Ishwara Bhat

in Idea and Methods of Legal Research

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199493098
eISBN:
9780199098316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199493098.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Multifaceted study of law, owing to complex social problems attached to it, calls for the combination of several methods of research. Integration rather than isolated application of methods of ... More


Direct Measurements of the Functional Response

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter studies the methods of direct measurements of prey captures, either in the laboratory or in the field. It reviews experimental or observational studies that lead to direct quantitative ... More


The Mixing Cost as a Measure of Cognitive Control

Paloma MarÍ-Beffa and Alexander Kirkham

in Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199921959
eISBN:
9780190256210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with how people can maintain task set in a context of changeable demands, avoiding distraction and maintaining their concentration through time. Research shows that ... More


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