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Rapid evolution and sexual signals

Marlene Zuk and Robin M. Tinghitella

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Surprisingly few examples of rapid evolutionary change in behavioral traits have been documented in nature, yet circumstances favoring rapid evolution in other traits apply equally well to behaviour, ... More


Dynamic Field Theory and Embodied Cognitive Dynamics

John P. Spencer, Sammy Perone, and Jeffrey S. Johnson

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explains some of the core concepts of dynamic field theory (DFT) and how this theory provides a formal framework for thinking about embodied cognitive dynamics. It begins with some ... More


Animal Innovation

Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1953 a young female Japanese macaque called Imo began washing sweet potatoes before eating them, presumably to remove dirt and sand grains. Soon other monkeys had adopted this behaviour, and ... More


Environmental Variability and Primate Behavioural Flexibility

Simon M. Reader and Katharine MacDonald

in Animal Innovation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the notions that behavioural flexibility can be a useful comparative concept, that innovation frequency is an appropriate measure of behavioural flexibility, and that the ... More


Ecological Approaches to Personality

Aurelio José Figueredo, Pedro S. A. Wolf, Paul R. Gladden, Sally Olderbak, Dok J. Andrzejczak, and W. Jake Jacobs

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence that individual variation in personality and behavior is shaped by a combination of: frequency-dependent niche-splitting, ... More


Reversal learning in fronto-striatal circuits: a functional, autonomic, and neurochemical analysis

H.F. Clarke and A.C. Roberts

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is intimately associated with the processes underlying behavioural flexibility that allow us to interact successfully with our ever-changing environment. Dysfunction ... More


The Role of Species Traits in Establishment Success

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the influence of species-level traits in the establishment success of exotic birds. Previous treatments of such traits have failed to find consistent associations between ... More


Introduction

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Provides a preview of the book's four main parts: (1) “Motivation and Action”; (2) “Motivation and Normativity”; (3) “Strength and Control” (more precisely, motivational strength and self‐control); ... More


What Is a Big Brain Good For?

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the benefits of a big brain. In humans, the brain constitutes about two percent of body weight but consumes twenty percent of total energy intake. It flies in the face of basic ... More


Prospects

Reuven Dukas and John M. Ratcliffe (eds)

in Cognitive Ecology II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226169354
eISBN:
9780226169378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169378.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This final chapter summarizes the arguments and discussions of the book. The chapters in this book have dealt with a huge range of topics in a vast assortment of animals. Learning, memory, and ... More


On Being and Becoming Female and Male: A Sex-Neutral Evolutionary Perspective

Patricia Adair Gowaty

in Gender, Sex, and Sexualities: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190658540
eISBN:
9780190658571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658540.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces a new way to think about the evolution of behavioral sex differences, one that contrasts with the classical evolutionary view. The classical scenario—sex as destiny—holds that ... More


What Does Consciousness Do?

Neil Levy

in Consciousness and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198704638
eISBN:
9780191774249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704638.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On the basis of the global workspace account of consciousness developed in Chapter 3, an account of the difference that it makes to behavior is advanced. It is claimed that because consciousness ... More


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