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Role of social and behavioral research in assessing the utility of genetic information

Saskia C. Sanderson, Christopher H. Wade, and Colleen M. McBride

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes and critiques the state of the science with respect to understanding how genetic information has been, and how genomic information might, in the future, be used to improve ... More


Integration of Models

JACQUELINE CORCORAN

in Building Strengths and Skills: A Collaborative Approach to Working with Clients

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195154306
eISBN:
9780199864287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter highlights some of the similarities and differences between the three therapeutic models that comprise the strengths- and skills-building approach — solution-focused therapy, ... More


Behavior, diet and obesity in developed countries

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is concerned with issues of individual behaviour, diet, and obesity, especially in developed countries such as the US. Section 7.1 begins with nutritional issues and discusses the ... More


Development as Change of System Dynamics: Stability, Instability, and Emergence

Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Dynamical systems thinking can provide metaphors that help ask new questions, generate new experimental paradigms and measures, and lead to new kinds of explanations. This chapter reviews dynamical ... More


Frontal Lobe Plasticity and Behavior

Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on how the structure of the frontal lobe changes over time, how this relates to behavior, and how the rest of the brain changes when the frontal lobe is injured. It shows that ... More


Anthropogenic Stressors and Their Effects on the Behavior of Aquatic Crustaceans

Thijs Christiaan van Son and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Four categories of anthropogenic stressors affect the behavior and vital functions of crustaceans in aquatic ecosystems: pollution, introduction of non-indigenous species, stock manipulation, and ... More


Understanding Hunger

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines how nutrition is defined within the Bank, specifically looking at the biomedical influence on the Bank's approach to hunger. It concludes that undernutrition is constructed as a ... More


Embodied Risk Made Visible

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter illustrates an account of the shift, commencing in the late 1980s, to the molecularization of Alzheimer disease (AD), and the attempt to identify significant bodily changes as much as 20 ... More


Making the Beautiful Game a Bit Less Beautiful: (with Luis Garicano)

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is concerned with the implications of incentives. It studies an incentive change in a natural setting where both productive and sabotage activities can be directly observed: soccer. The ... More


Public Health Decision Making and Risk Perception

Julie S. Downs, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Baruch Fischhoff, and Elizabeth A. Walker

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction aimed at making the field of decision science more accessible. Because so many chronic diseases are preventable or manageable through behavioral changes, ... More


Drawing possible lessons for obesity prevention and control from the tobacco-control experience 1

Shawna L. Mercer, Laura K. Khan, Lawrence W. Green, Abby C. Rosenthal, Rose Nathan, Corinne G. Husten, and William H. Dietz

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While tobacco-control experts in many developed countries announce remarkable reductions in tobacco consumption, nutrition and physical activity experts in these same countries bemoan the growing ... More


Behaviour change

L. J. Cooke, M. J. Jarvis, and J. Wardle

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0049
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on three aspects of health behaviour vital to the reduction of coronary heart disease (CHD): smoking cessation, increased physical activity, and improved diet. The successes ... More


Nudge: Recent developments in behavioural science and public policy

Michael Hallsworth and Michael Sanders

in Beyond behaviour change: "Key issues, interdisciplinary approaches and future directions"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447317555
eISBN:
9781447317579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447317555.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Policy makers have become increasingly interested in the concept of ‘behaviour change’. Over the past forty years, both psychologists and economists have produced new empirical evidence about how ... More


Alcoholics Anonymous: sustaining behavioural change

James Irving

in Moving on from Crime and Substance Use: Transforming Identities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447324676
eISBN:
9781447324690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324676.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter concentrates on the practices of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and how they facilitate behavioural change. The author analysed intensive interviews with long-term members of AA using a ... More


The Return to Biomedical Research: Treatment and Behavioral Effects

David M. Cutler and Srikanth Kadiyala (eds)

in Measuring the Gains from Medical Research: An Economic Approach

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226551784
eISBN:
9780226551791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551791.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter investigates the link between medical research and health, focusing on the dual effects of medical research on medical treatments and behavioral change. It discusses the broad factors ... More


Psychophysiology

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Psychophysiology is a relatively new discipline. In the mid-1950s, a group of physiological psychologists began referring to themselves as psychophysiologists. However, the subject matter of ... More


Ecosystem consequences of behavioural plasticity and contemporary evolution

Eric P. Palkovacs and Christopher M. Dalton

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the role of animal behaviour as a critical link between human activity and ecosystem processes. It explores the impacts of behavioural trait changes on ecosystems, and describes ... More


Fast Food Kids: French Fries, Lunch Lines and Social Ties

Amy L. Best

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479842704
eISBN:
9781479860135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842704.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In recent years, questions such as “What are kids eating?” and “Who's feeding our kids?” have sparked a torrent of public and policy debates as we increasingly focus our attention on the issue of ... More


Fall Transient Period

John H. Rappole

in The Avian Migrant: The Biology of Bird Migration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146784
eISBN:
9780231518635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146784.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the fall transient period in the avian migrant's annual cycle. The fall transient period begins with the end of the postbreeding period as migratory birds depart on fall ... More


Fighting Poverty: Lessons from Recent U.S. History

Rebecca M. Blank

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses important behavioral changes in low-income families in the 1990s and investigates the role of both the macroeconomy and policy in producing these outcomes. The chapter ... More


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