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Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This concluding chapter discusses two arguments that make the case that empirical relevance of behavioral biases cannot be used to justify an extension of government control over private lives. One ... More


Post-Utilitarianism: Searching for a Collective Soul in the Behavioral Era

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter presents the post-utilitarian paradigm, which is defined as the attempt to reconstruct social preferences when individuals have behavioral issues. It highlights four possibilities, each ... More


Behavioral, Physiological, and Health Biases in Laboratory Rodents: A Basis for Understanding Mechanistic Links between Human Personality and Health

Sonia A. Cavigelli, Kerry C. Michael, and Christina M. Ragan

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter analyzes the behavioral biases seen among different laboratory rodent strains to determine whether these biases are associated with physiological and/or health biases, and the extent to ... More


Autism and the Imaginative Mind

ILONA MIELKE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Autism is diagnosed through a symptom of clusters known as the diagnostic triad. One of these is the rigid adherence to routines, repetitive activities, and narrowly focused interests which represent ... More


Excess Entry and Entrepreneurial Decisions: The Role of Overconfidence

Philipp Koellinger, Maria Minniti, and Christian Schade

in The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580866
eISBN:
9780191728716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580866.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Overconfidence is one of the most pervasive biases in human behavior and has been offered as an explanation for the high failure rates of start‐ups. Recent works, however, have shown that excess ... More


Institutional Investors

Alexandre Skiba and Hilla Skiba

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

A large body of behavioral finance literature focuses on the behavioral biases of individual investors in their trading choices. The research shows that sophistication is related to the level at ... More


Error Management

Daniel Nettle

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter briefly introduces error management theory, an evolutionary framework for understanding how natural selection should be expected to shape decision-making mechanisms. Selection minimizes ... More


Psychological Pressure on the Field and Elsewhere

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes a novel behavioral bias not previously documented in a competitive situation: psychological pressure in a dynamic competitive environment arising from the state of the ... More


Behavioral Aspects of Portfolio Investments

Nathan Mauck

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Investors are inextricably linked to financial institutions, money managers, and the products they market. Mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), hedge funds, and pension funds manage or hold ... More


Adaptive Biases: Making the Right Mistakes in International Politics

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the notion of adaptive biases and strategic instincts in more detail and compares social science and life science approaches to understanding human behavior. It explains why ... More


Regulating Consumer Finance

John Armour, Dan Awrey, Paul Davies, Luca Enriques, Jeffrey N. Gordon, Colin Mayer, and Jennifer Payne

in Principles of Financial Regulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198786474
eISBN:
9780191828782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786474.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Company and Commercial Law

From an economic perspective, two related justifications can be distinguished for regulatory intervention vis-à-vis consumers or retail investors: asymmetries of information between consumers and the ... More


Knowledge of the everyday: Confronting the causes of health inequalities

Eva Elliott, Jennie Popay, and Gareth Williams

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter challenges the dearth of sociological and political analysis within the health inequalities field, which, the authors argue, is facilitating the current behavioural bias of research, ... More


The Psychology of Traders

Duccio Martelli

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In recent decades, trading has become very popular among retail investors, mainly owing to widespread use of technology and a reduction in transaction costs. However, the growing information ... More


Understanding the Role of Annuities in Retirement Planning

Jeffrey R. Brown (ed.)

in Overcoming the Saving Slump: How to Increase the Effectiveness of Financial Education and Saving Programs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226497099
eISBN:
9780226497105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226497105.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter investigates the role of annuities in the financial-planning process, including both the normative judgment about what role annuities “should” play (as guided by economic theory), as ... More


Mutual Fund Disclosure and Related Fund Investor Protection Features

Joseph A. Franco

in Mutual Funds and Exchange-Traded Funds: Building Blocks to Wealth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190207434
eISBN:
9780190207465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190207434.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the principal features of mutual fund disclosure regulation in the United States and the challenges faced by the SEC in designing a disclosure regime that meets the needs of ... More


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