Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-14 of 14 items

  • Keywords: behaviour patterns x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Roots of Creativity

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines animal innovation, which is the devising of a novel solution to a problem, or a new way of exploiting the environment. The habit appears special only by virtue of its ... More


Raw Feeling: A philosophical account of the essence of consciousness

Robert Kirk

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236795
eISBN:
9780191679353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236795.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book asks the question: how could processes in the brain amount to conscious experiences? The mind–body problem is mystifying, even after decades of philosophical activity with the benefit of ... More


Animal Innovation

Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1953 a young female Japanese macaque called Imo began washing sweet potatoes before eating them, presumably to remove dirt and sand grains. Soon other monkeys had adopted this behaviour, and ... More


Type A Behavior Pattern: Facial Behavior and Speech Components

Margaret A. Chesney, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, George W. Black, and Michael H. L. Hecker

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter evaluates whether there are facial behaviors characteristic of the Type A behavior pattern. The Glare facial score significantly correlated with hostility and competitiveness. The ... More


Institutional Facts and Institutions

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The chapter creates a theory of group-social facts and social institutions relying on the we-mode approach and the notion of collective “pattern-governed” behavior. The central notion in this account ... More


The Evolution of Altruism and Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in The Escape of the Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199322350
eISBN:
9780190219536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322350.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Altruism and self-control may evolve over the lifetimes of individuals (behavioral evolution) in the same way that a species evolves over generations (biological evolution). In biological evolution, ... More


Out of the Mouths of Babes and Sucklings

Jennifer Greenwood

in Becoming Human: "The Ontogenesis, Metaphysics, and Expression of Human Emotionality"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029780
eISBN:
9780262329828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029780.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This is the second chapter on emotional ontogenesis which also addresses the acquisition of language (and, by implication, symbolic thought). The analysis focuses on species typical behaviour ... More


Remarks on The People of Puerto Rico

Eric R. Wolf

in Pathways of Power: Building an Anthropology of the Modern World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223332
eISBN:
9780520924871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223332.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter discusses Julian H. Steward's cultural-ecological approach to the study of communities as well as complex societies as multilevel systemic structures. The Puerto Rico project exemplifies ... More


Calvert v. Calvert Multiple adultery and bigamy, 1698–1710

Lawrence Stone

in Broken Lives: Separation and Divorce in England, 1660-1857

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202547
eISBN:
9780191675393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202547.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

There is a peculiarly brutal and exploitative quality about gender relations in the period 1680 to 1720, which is amply reflected in the case illustrated in this chapter. Violence, perjury, rape, and ... More


The Signature on the Portrait

Glen Dudbridge

in A Portrait of Five Dynasties China: From the Memoirs of Wang Renyu (880-956)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670680
eISBN:
9780191749537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670680.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

For Wang Renyu the natural world was not merely a source of signs and omens, but also a focus of empirical interest. His memoirs record from personal observation natural disasters, crop failures and ... More


Odds ‘n’ Ends: The Fiction of Romantic Friendship, Part II

Axel Nissen

in Manly Love: Romantic Friendship in American Fiction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226586663
eISBN:
9780226586687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226586687.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Part of the fascination of nineteenth-century friendship literature is its depiction of romantic friendship as being negotiated, not primarily in fictional worlds of “men without women,” but in ... More


Murdoch and the Monolith

Jami Bartlett

in Object Lessons: The Novel As a Theory of Reference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226369655
eISBN:
9780226369792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226369792.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter returns the concept of the novel as a theory of reference to its beginning, and argues that, for the philosopher and novelist Iris Murdoch, narrative itself is a theory of reference. The ... More


Why the Stereotype? Why South Asia?

Mrinalini Chakravorty

in In Stereotype: South Asia in the Global Literary Imaginary

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165969
eISBN:
9780231537766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165969.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the most common definitions of the stereotype; foremost among them is the idea that a stereotype conveys formulaic ideas based on ill-formed biases about persons or groups. To ... More


The Role of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) in Addressing the Opioid Overdose Epidemic

Grant Baldwin, Jan L. Losby, Wesley M. Sargent, Jamie Mells, and Sarah Bacon

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are secure, online, state-based databases that contain information about controlled substance prescriptions written by clinicians and dispensed by ... More


View: