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Behavior and Miracles

Christopher R. Agnew, Donal E. Carlston, William G. Graziano, and Janice R. Kelly

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes how the initial ideas for the book emerged and discusses a number of key issues regarding behavior in social psychology. Psychologists commonly partition the behavioral chain ... More


The Regulation of Defensive Behaviors in Rhesus Monkeys: Implications for Understanding Anxiety Disorders

Ned H. Kalin and Steven E. Shelton

in Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133585
eISBN:
9780199847310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter presents findings from studies of defensive behaviors in Rhesus monkeys which are relevant to understanding fear and anxiety-related psychopathology in humans. The physiological ... More


Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Luis Miguel García-Segura

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

One of the most fascinating developments in the field of neuroscience in the second half of the 20th century was the discovery of the endogenous capacity of the brain for reorganization during adult ... More


Neurobehavioural disorders after stroke

Jean-Marie Annoni

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The term ‘behavioural’ is often used in neurology to denote non-cognitive mental symptoms or disorders, thus including many psychiatric symptoms such as mood and psychotic disorders but also abnormal ... More


Consciousness and Other High-Level Cognitive Processes

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents the results of studies regarding determining the existence of consciousness and other high-level cognitive processes. No concrete neurophysiological measures can be used to ... More


Historical perspective of neuronal plasticity

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0089
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

If the structure and function of the nervous system were rigid and unmodifiable, behavioural alteration would never occur. To describe the enduring modification of the behavioural response, the term ... More


Effects of Biotic Interactions on Spatial Behavior of Small Mammals in a Semiarid Community in North-Central Chile: Efectos De Las Interacciones BióTicas Sobre El Comportamiento Espacial De Pequeños MamíFeros En Una Comunidad SemiáRida En El Norte-Central De Chile

John A. Yunger, Peter L. Meserve, and Julio R. Gutiérrez

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the live-trap data of four small mammal species for evidence of behavioral responses to predator and/or competitor exclusions in a semiarid thorn scrub community in ... More


Nutrition, Growth, and Size

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the general questions that focus on how nutritional factors affect the growth and size of insects. It specifically focuses more on insect herbivores due to the fact that most ... More


Sexual selection in changing environments: consequences for individuals and populations

Ulrika Candolin and Bob Wong

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter investigates the impacts of human-induced environmental change on sexually selected behaviours. It describes the dramatic effects of environmental changes on reproductive behaviour, ... More


Neural and Behavioral Responses to Ambiguous Facial Expressions of Emotion

Paul J. Whalen, Maital Neta, M. Justin Kim, Alison M. Mattek, F. C. Davis, James M. Taylor, and Samantha Chavez

in The Science of Facial Expression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190613501
eISBN:
9780190613525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When it comes to being social, there is no other nonverbal environmental cue that is more important for humans than the facial expression of another person. Here we consider facial expressions as ... More


Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Ulrika Candolin and Bob B.M. Wong (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Human-induced environmental change currently represents the single greatest threat to global biodiversity. Species are typically adapted to the local environmental conditions in which they have ... More


Rural Households' Land Holdings, Enlargement, and Rental

Stephen K. Wegren

in Land Reform in Russia: Institutional Design and Behavioral Responses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150971
eISBN:
9780300156409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150971.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter analyzes household behavior in response to land reform policies. It addresses how efficacious was land reform in engendering private landownership by examining the following: (1) types ... More


New properties of F5 mirror neurons and their implications for response selection

Jörn K. Pomper, Daniel Arnstein, Vittorio Caggiano, Martin Giese, and Peter Thier

in New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199686155
eISBN:
9780191807589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686155.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Until recently, mirror neuron activity has been mainly discussed within the framework of action understanding. This chapter reviews recent experimental and computational work that suggests that ... More


Introduction

Matti Tuomala

in Optimal Redistributive Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753414
eISBN:
9780191815058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753414.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Financial Economics

Chapter 1 introduces the basic ingredients of the optimal tax problem. The theory of optimal taxation begins by clarifying the objectives of policy and identifying the constraints upon policy. The ... More


Philanthropy, Tax Policy, and Tax Cheating: A Long-Run Perspective on US data

Gabrielle Fack and Camille Landais

in Charitable Giving and Tax Policy: A Historical and Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723660
eISBN:
9780191790751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723660.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides unique evidence of substantial behavioral responses of wealthy taxpayers to charitable giving deductions in a very long time perspective, using original historical data ... More


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