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Teleological Behaviorism and the Problem of Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Problems of self-control as well as social cooperation may be seen as conflicts not between internal spiritual or neurological entities, but between highly valued overt behavioral patterns of ... More


Development as Change of System Dynamics: Stability, Instability, and Emergence

Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Dynamical systems thinking can provide metaphors that help ask new questions, generate new experimental paradigms and measures, and lead to new kinds of explanations. This chapter reviews dynamical ... More


Introduction

Emily Erikson

in Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159065
eISBN:
9781400850334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159065.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents the volume's main argument: that a decentralized organizational structure—constructed through the combination of private and Company trade—was the central pillar of the English ... More


From Individuals to Populations and Societies

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter analyzes how an individual's nutritional state influences how a group behaves. Mormon crickets, ants, and slime molds illustrate how local nutritional interactions can fashion cohesive, ... More


The role of parents in preventing child overweight and obesity: An ecological approach

Karen Campbell, Kylie Hesketh, and Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the link between parenting and children's obesity risk behaviours. The evidence reviewed and the structure of this chapter is guided by the Ecological Systems Theory, which ... More


The Selective and Diffusion Functions of Social Capital: Why So Many Migrants Out of So Few Places?

Thomas Faist

in The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293910
eISBN:
9780191685002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Despite a high migration potential in most developing countries which send many migrants abroad, there is a high place selectivity. Typically, in the few places out of which many emigrate abroad, ... More


Cephalopoda

Michele K. Nishiguchi and Royal H. Mapes

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the phylogeny and evolution of the molluscan class Cephalopoda. It explains that all fossil and modern taxa are marine and that modern cephalopods have notoriety by being the ... More


Ritual and the Politics of Reconciliation

Marc Howard Ross

in From Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195166439
eISBN:
9780199849796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166439.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Political scientists would usually undermine the role of reconciliation in peacemaking at the level of international relations as reconciliation is viewed to be more often than not used in less ... More


The Rocky Mountain Sheep

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting: Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231900
eISBN:
9780520927964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the hunting of mountain sheep in the Rocky Mountains during the prehistoric period. It explains that mountain sheep demonstrate behavioral patterns quite different from those of ... More


Toward a Conceptualization of Interpersonal Rejection

Mark R. Leary

in Interpersonal Rejection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130157
eISBN:
9780199847761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Non-acceptance can be perceived as inadequate relationship value towards an individual. By nature, human beings try to find a sense of belongingness and fear any form of denunciation. This chapter ... More


The Evolutionary Psychology of Sexual Harassment

Kingsley R Browne

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines patterns of behavior that may constitute sexual harassment through the lens of evolutionary psychology, a perspective that makes better sense of this constellation of behavior ... More


The North American Bison

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting: Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231900
eISBN:
9780520927964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the earliest North American bison based on paleontological and archaeological records. It explains that the first bison native to North America was Bison latifrons which is the ... More


Brains, hands, and minds: puzzling incongruities in ape tool use

William C. McGrew

in The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522638
eISBN:
9780191688652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to first survey variation in the use of tools by living apes (Hominoidea) and then to relate variation in tool use to variation in other features whenever possible. The other ... More


Emotional Responses to Interpersonal Rejection

Mark R. Leary, Erika J. Koch, and Nancy R. Hechenbleikner

in Interpersonal Rejection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130157
eISBN:
9780199847761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Rejection is classified as actual, expected, and perceived. It can be implicitly felt through behavioral patterns or can be directly brought into play by way of verbal communication and removal of ... More


The Invention of the Mind (Plato)

Howard Rachlin

in The Escape of the Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199322350
eISBN:
9780190219536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322350.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The ancient Greek philosopher, Plato, tells a story of prisoners in a cave, chained so they cannot move. They see only shadows projected on a wall. One prisoner is temporarily released and interacts ... More


Nonlinear Time Series Analysis with R

Ray Huffaker, Marco Bittelli, and Rodolfo Rosa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198782933
eISBN:
9780191826153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782933.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In the process of data analysis, the investigator is often facing highly-volatile and random-appearing observed data. A vast body of literature shows that the assumption of underlying stochastic ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on the Agentic Self, Its Neural Networks, and Parkinson’s Disease

Patrick McNamara

in The Cognitive Neuropsychiatry of Parkinson's Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016087
eISBN:
9780262298360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016087.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reveals that evolving behavioral patterns in the agentic self play a key role in the onset of Parkinson’s disease (PD). An individual is diagnosed with PD when he or she places more ... More


Neighboring from a Distance

Sarah Mayorga-Gallo

in Behind the White Picket Fence: Power and Privilege in a Multiethnic Neighborhood

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781469618630
eISBN:
9781469618654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618630.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at behavioral patterns in Creekridge Park. It discusses how the ideology of diversity influences neighbourhood-based norms of interracial and intraracial contact. It also explains ... More


Masculinities and Performances of Skepticism

Alexander Soucy

in The Buddha Side: Gender, Power, and Buddhist Practice in Vietnam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835989
eISBN:
9780824871567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835989.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the masculine position towards religion—young men being the segment of the population most critical of religion. Their skepticism is taken as performance directed towards their ... More


Introduction to Part 1

Murali Patibandla

in International Trade and Investment Behaviour of Firms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190126865
eISBN:
9780190991951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190126865.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

International trade and investment across countries, both developed and developing economies, are a major source of economic growth by improving allocative efficiency of resources and rapid flow of ... More


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