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Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality

Helen E. Longino

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226492872
eISBN:
9780226921822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921822.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book enters into the complexities of human behavioral research, a domain still dominated by the age-old debate of “nature versus nurture.” Rather than supporting one side or another or ... More


Willing Creation: The Yin and Yang of the Creative Life

Dean Keith Simonton

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the place of volition in the act of creation. Discussion of this issue raises something of a paradox. The human will has both a major role in creativity and a very minor role ... More


Evolutionary Psychology and Criminal Behavior

Anthony Walsh

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Criminological theories may be complemented and extended by incorporating biosocial concepts into them. Evolutionary psychology emphasizes that individuals pursue their self-interest in a variety of ... More


Animal Behavior Genetics, the Past and the Future

Nicole C. Nelson

in Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226545929
eISBN:
9780226546117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546117.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how animal behavior geneticists narrate the history and future of their field. Stories about past experiences in the laboratory and key moments in the field’s history served to ... More


Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders

Nicole C. Nelson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226545929
eISBN:
9780226546117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546117.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book examines how researchers establish and manage the intellectual justifications for animal modeling work, and how assumptions about the complexity of animals and of behavior shape this ... More


Genetic and Environmental Influences on Positive Emotionality

Ragnhild Bang Nes

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Some people seem to have more joy juice than others, experiencing more positive emotions. Why is this so? An abundance of studies have shown that positivity runs in families, suggesting that positive ... More


Epistemic By-Products: Learning about Environments while Studying Genetics

Nicole C. Nelson

in Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226545929
eISBN:
9780226546117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546117.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The animal behavior genetics laboratory is by definition a site for producing knowledge about the genetics of behavior, but it can also be a site for producing knowledge about individual differences ... More


Race, Genetics, and IQ: Interactionin the IQ Controversy

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1969, Arthur Jensen drew on heritability measures from behaviour genetics to infamously claim genetic differences between black and white Americans best explained the gap in IQ scores between ... More


Building Epistemic Scaffolds for Modeling Work

Nicole C. Nelson

in Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226545929
eISBN:
9780226546117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546117.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the dynamics of building up (and sometimes knocking down) claims about the knowledge production capacities of animal models in behavior genetics. To illuminate the dynamics of ... More


Methodology of quantitative behavior and molecular genetics

Susan C. South and Amber M. Jarnecke

in Genetics of Psychological Well-Being: The role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686674
eISBN:
9780191766787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Within the social and behavioral sciences, there is a long history of the study of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences between people. This chapter provides an overview of ... More


The heritability of subjective well-being: review and meta-analysis

Ragnhild Bang Nes and Espen Røysamb

in Genetics of Psychological Well-Being: The role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686674
eISBN:
9780191766787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Why do people differ in their happiness and well-being? Over the last decade, behavior geneticists have tried to resolve whether variation in happiness is a family matter, or a matter of ... More


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