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The equilibrium real value of the euro: An evaluation of research 1

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Based on the NATREX model in chapter 4, this chapter answers the question: How can one explain the medium to longer run movements in the Synthetic-Euro, which is a basket of currencies of the member ... More


Murder at the Glenwood

Robert Wuthnow

in Red State Religion: Faith and Politics in America's Heartland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150550
eISBN:
9781400839759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150550.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This essay examines the murder of Laura Beers in Topeka and what it means for Kansas religion and politics. Laura Beers was found dead in a pool of blood by the Topeka police on the night of November ... More


The Menace of International Trade

Gary Alan Fine and Bill Ellis

in The Global Grapevine: Why Rumors of Terrorism, Immigration, and Trade Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736317
eISBN:
9780199866458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736317.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Increasingly, Americans consume goods produced in the third world rather than locally, undermining the sense of control that our society once held. As this economic shift filters down to the general ... More


An Ancient Vintage

André Finet

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In ancient Mesopotamia, among the oldest ‘civilised people’ in the world, alcoholic beverages were part of the festivities as soon as a simple repast bordered on a feast. Although beer, brewed ... More


The Economics of Beer

Johan F.M. Swinnen (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Beer was the drink of choice in many ancient societies and throughout the past centuries in large parts of the world. Right now, it is globally by far the most important alcoholic drink, in volume ... More


Drink and Food

WILLIAM J. ASHWORTH

in Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259212
eISBN:
9780191717918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter shows that examining excise's practices and activities not only reveals what the pillar of public credit was actually built of, but also exposes the crucial role of the excise had in ... More


Beer‐Drinking Nations: The Determinants of Global Beer Consumption

Liesbeth Colen and Johan F. M. Swinnen

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter analyzes the evolution of beer consumption between countries and over time. Historically, there have been major changes in beer consumption in the world. In recent times, per capita ... More


Recent Economic Developments in the Import and Craft Segments of the US Brewing Industry

Carol Horton Tremblay and Victor J. Tremblay

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter explores recent economic trends in the import and craft sectors of the U.S. beer market. In 1970, beer sales of imports and crafts (microbrewers, brewpubs, and regional craft brewers) ... More


What Else Is Like Wine Description?

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The concept of tasting notes has spread from wine to other beverages, especially beer, coffee, and tea. There are descriptions such as "aromas of dark chocolate, flowers, and graham crackers" that ... More


Hoptopia: A World of Agriculture and Beer in Oregon's Willamette Valley

Peter A. Kopp

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520277472
eISBN:
9780520965058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277472.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the first half of the twentieth century, Oregon’s Willamette Valley became one of largest hop producers in the world. Hops, whose cones flavor and preserve beer, were a relatively new addition to ... More


Wholes and parts

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many claim that flavour can be perceived as a unitary experience and as a series of parts. This chapter explores this claim by addressing three specific questions: (1) Is flavour a unitary ... More


Dynamical Systems Theory

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses a long-running theme in the literature on extended cognition: the dynamical coupling of the organism and the environment. Six kinds of dynamical-systems-based model are ... More


Clarity, Cut, and Culture: The Many Meanings of Diamonds

Susan Falls

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479810666
eISBN:
9781479877430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810666.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, ... More


Sombreros and Motorcycles in a Newer South: The Politics of Aesthetics in South Carolina's Tourism Industry

P. Nicole King

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032516
eISBN:
9781617032523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032516.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

In 1949, Alan Schafer opened South of the Border, a beer stand located on bucolic farmland in Dillon County, South Carolina, near the border separating North and South Carolina. Even at its ... More


A Brief Economic History of Beer

Eline Poelmans and Johan F. M. Swinnen

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter presents a brief economy history of the evolution of beer production and consumption and the industrial organization of breweries. It discusses first the discovery and use of beer in ... More


Beer Production, Profits, and Public Authorities in the Renaissance

Richard W. Unger

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter deals with a range of success-constraining problems which brewers faced during the Renaissance, despite a rapid growth in demand for beer and increasing sales. Technical changes led to ... More


Standards and International Trade Integration: A Historical Review of the German ‘Reinheitsgebot’

Frank van Tongeren

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The Bavarian beer law of 1516, that later morphed into the German ‘Reinheitsgebot’ (purity law) is often seen as one of the oldest known food laws and is also an example of a unilateral production ... More


Brewing Nation: War, Taxes, and the Growth of the British Beer Industry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

John V. C. Nye

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

As a result of war with France, British tariffs were raised to protect domestic beverage production. This helped promote the beer industry during the infancy of industrial brewing in the 18th ... More


Belgian Beers: Where History Meets Globalization

Damiaan Persyn, Johan F. M. Swinnen, and Stijn Vanormelingen

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses causes and consequences of historical and more recent trends in the Belgian beer market, which is characterized by an exceptionally large variety of different beers. Both ... More


Cold Comfort in Hard Times: Do People Drink More Beer during Recessions?

Donald G. Freeman

in The Economics of Beer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693801
eISBN:
9780191731884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693801.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Do people drink more in hard times? Psychological theories suggest that alcohol consumption increases during recessions as a response to the stresses of economic downturns. In contrast, the ... More


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