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Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Richard W. Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The claim that people in developed countries have vast, unmet obligations to help people in developing countries is usually based on duties of kindness or a global extrapolation of justice among ... More


Introduction

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter distinguishes between the functional and the personal distribution of income. Sections of the chapter include wants and scarcity, positive and normative aspects of income ... More


From Liberty to Equality

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, Morality as Compromise is completed by showing when the its requirements are enforceable. This is done by starting with the assumptions that are acceptable from a libertarian ... More


Poverty

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some of the normative issues related to poverty. Both absolute and relative poverty are discussed as well as the more common poverty measures. The connection between the income ... More


Empire and Obligation

Richard W. Miller

in Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Just as a government's political power within its sovereign territory generates political duties of concern, so does the unofficial transnational power of the American empire. By steering the course ... More


Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Sabina Alkire

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The author examines how Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently—and practically—put to work in participatory poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. ... More


Redistribution of Income

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the role of the government in ensuring basic needs and how that may be managed through income taxes and public expenditure. The analysis is mainly done in the framework of ... More


Objective Accounts

James Griffin

in Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248439
eISBN:
9780191597558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248431.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Perhaps certain objective accounts of well‐being are superior to any desire account. This chapter considers primarily need‐accounts, of which the central claim is well‐being, at least that conception ... More


From Water Sector Reforms to Law and Policy Reforms

Philippe Cullet

in Water Law, Poverty, and Development: Water Sector Reforms in India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199546237
eISBN:
9780191705519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546237.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter analyzes the policy context within which water law reforms are introduced. It examines the basic principles that underlie existing water sector reforms, in particular the concept of ... More


Natural Law Theory and the General Right to Territory

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580217
eISBN:
9780191741456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 2 defends the general collective right to territory from the perspective of natural law theory. A general right to territory is a claim to be self-determining over some territory, even if the ... More


Happiness Adaptation to Income Beyond “Basic Needs”

Rafael Di Tella and Robert MacCulloch

in International Differences in Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199732739
eISBN:
9780199776887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732739.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter tests for whether, once “basic needs” are satisfied, there is happiness adaptation to further gains in income using three data sets. Individual German Panel Data from 1985-2000, and data ... More


Dimensions of Value

John Kekes

in The Human Condition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The system of values of the agent's society forms the external standard for judging the relative importance of the agent's commitments. There are three dimensions of value: universally human, ... More


Recent Critics of the Liberty-to-Equality Argument

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The argument from liberty to equality presented in the previous chapter has not been without its critics. Accordingly, the argument in its present form owes a great deal to past critiques of its ... More


From Rationality to Equality

James P. Sterba

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most contemporary moral and political philosophers would like to have an argument showing that morality is rationally required. This book provides just such an argument and further show that ... More


Global Justice and Territory

Cara Nine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580217
eISBN:
9780191741456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Historical injustice and global inequality are basic problems embedded in territorial rights. We ask questions such as: How can the descendants of colonists claim territory that isn’t really ... More


The Elimination of Endemic Poverty in South Asia *: Some Policy Options

Kaushik Basu

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates policies for combating persistent and mass poverty, with empirical illustrations from the experiences of some South Asian countries. It argues that direct action is possible ... More


Biological Adaptation in Human Societies: A Basic Needs Approach

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter proposes a more rigorous and systematic approach to the concept of adaptation that is based on basic needs. It applies the concept of biological adaptation specifically to human ... More


Interpretive Standpoints

Katharine G. Young

in Constituting Economic and Social Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641932
eISBN:
9780191746086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641932.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Part I of this book aims to expand our understanding of the scale of interpretative possibilities that accompany economic and social rights. This chapter advances two interpretive theories: those of ... More


Responsibility, Desert, and Justice 1

Carl Knight

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies three contrasts between responsibility-sensitive justice and desert-sensitive justice. First, while responsibility may be appraised on prudential or moral grounds, it is ... More


* Meeting basic needs: peace and development

Johan Galtung

in The Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198567523
eISBN:
9780191693670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter opens with a definition of the terms used in the discussion. Well-being is defined as a subjective emotion whose condition and expression vary from person to person. Several approaches ... More


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