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Traditional Criteria of Tax Equity

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Traditional analyses of tax justice demand that the distribution of tax burdens satisfy criteria of vertical and horizontal equity–like cases should be treated alike and relevantly different cases ... More


The Future, Human Population, and Management

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Climate change and direct, local impacts are reducing the ability of reefs to support rich ecosystems, including those of people dependent upon them. Adaptation by reefs has been suggested as being ... More


Political agency and accountability

Timothy Besley

in Principled Agents?: The Political Economy of Good Government

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199283910
eISBN:
9780191700279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283910.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter considers political agency models, which explore the consequences of limited information in politics. It develops a canonical model which is then used to discuss an array of issues that ... More


SIGNAL PROCESSING

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses signal processing for pulsed signals. Optimization of signal-to-noise ratio is analyzed under the constraints of signal rate capability. General properties of pulse signal ... More


How to Do Things with Legal Doctrine

Pierre Schlag and Amy J. Griffin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226726106
eISBN:
9780226726380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726380.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

“How to do Things with Legal Doctrine,” describes and explains those fundamental rhetorical moves that cut across the law school curriculum. We discuss rules vs. standards, textualism vs. ... More


Conclusions

Sam Scott

in Labour Exploitation and Work-Based Harm

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447322030
eISBN:
9781447322054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322030.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter draws together the main conclusions from the preceding eight chapters of the book. In the process, it identifies four issues with the dominant legal perspective around problems at/with ... More


Modelling an ETR for Europe

Terry Barker, Christian Lutz, Bernd Meyer, Hector Pollitt, and Stefan Speck

in Environmental Tax Reform (ETR): A Policy for Green Growth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199584505
eISBN:
9780191725012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584505.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes the modelling of an ETR for Europe, using the models described in Chapter 8. The chapter starts by describing the role of the baseline in the analysis and why it is important ... More


Groups

Shelly Kagan

in The Geometry of Desert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895595
eISBN:
9780199980093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how the Y gap view can be extended to cover cases that involve groups of three or more. It begins with a discussion of the simultaneous baseline approach and the pairwise ... More


“And Then We Wept”: Coral Death on Record

Irus Braverman

in Coral Whisperers: Scientists on the Brink

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520298842
eISBN:
9780520970830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298842.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 2, ““And Then We Wept”: Coral Death on Record,” documents the despair side of the pendulum as it contemplates the existing modes and technologies for recording coral bleaching and death. ... More


Extending the Cox Regression Model

Judith D. Singer and John B. Willett

in Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195152968
eISBN:
9780199864980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by describing how to include time-varying predictors in the Cox regression model. It then introduces two methods for relaxing the proportionality assumption. Section 15.2 presents ... More


Geographical Change and the Law of the Sea

Kate Purcell

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198743644
eISBN:
9780191803796
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743644.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This book examines the implications of geographical change for maritime jurisdiction under the law of the sea. In a multistranded intervention, it analyses and critiques both the explicit and ... More


Baselines

Pierre Schlag and Amy J. Griffin

in How to Do Things with Legal Doctrine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226726106
eISBN:
9780226726380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726380.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In this chapter we ask: How does one tell whether there has been an unlawful deviation? We notes that specific baselines can be not only statutory, but constitutional or regulatory or common law. We ... More


Projecting Change: The Map and the Territory

Kate Purcell

in Geographical Change and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198743644
eISBN:
9780191803796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743644.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter looks at debates over whether the charted or ‘actual’ low-water line constitutes the normal baseline in commentary considering the implications of climate-related coastal change for ... More


The Usefulness of a Plausible God

Mitchell Silver

in A Plausible God: Secular Reflections on Liberal Jewish Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226818
eISBN:
9780823236565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226818.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the theologians' credible God's candidacy for belief by the standard of usefulness. It introduces a baseline God of the theologians, the God that ... More


Someone to Watch Over Me

Mitchell Silver

in A Plausible God: Secular Reflections on Liberal Jewish Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226818
eISBN:
9780823236565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226818.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the solace and hope one can have from a new God and tries to examine things from God's perspective. It argues that the security that comes with ... More


Strategic Justice: Convention and Problems of Balancing Divergent Interests

Peter Vanderschraaf

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780199832194
eISBN:
9780190213336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199832194.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This work presents a new analysis and evaluation, based upon an original game-theoretic analysis of convention, of the thesis that justice consists of systems of distinguished conventions. This ... More


Screening and scoping

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the first two steps in HIA. It considers how to decide whether an HIA should be done for any proposal (screening). The discussion of scoping considers how to map stakeholders ... More


The Myths of 1960

Edmund F. Kallina

in Kennedy v. Nixon: The Presidential Election of 1960

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034850
eISBN:
9780813038599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034850.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

While the 1960 presidential election was over, the controversy concerning it was just beginning. Historians, political scientists, politicians, and interested citizens began trying to make sense of ... More


Limited exchanges: approaches to involving people who do not speak English in research and service development1

Bogusia Temple and Rosalind Edwards

in Doing research with refugees: Issues and guidelines

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345981
eISBN:
9781447302131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345981.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter looks at how to involve people who do not speak English in a way that acknowledges the presence of baseline language issues in whatever level and method of involvement is chosen. The ... More


Incorporating Historical Perspectives into Systematic Marine Conservation Planning

Natalie C. Ban, John N. Kittinger, John M. Pandolfi, Robert L. Pressey, Ruth H. Thurstan, Matt J. Lybolt, and Simon Hart

in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520276949
eISBN:
9780520959606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Historical perspectives are relevant to marine conservation, yet rarely integrated into planning efforts. Marine conservation planning is concerned with measures that should be taken in the future. ... More


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